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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Finland

Finland

6. Education and Training

6.10 Current debates and reforms

On this page
  1. Forthcoming policy developments
  2. Ongoing debates

Forthcoming policy developments

Based on the ‘Current issues’ published by The Ministry of Education and Culture on January 17th 2020, the Government is to prepare a report on education policy in the run up to 2030. The Ministry of Education and Culture has opened an online survey for everyone to collect feedback to supplement the preparations. The report, which will include the aforementioned comments, is based on, like the Ministry describes: ‘…the policies ensure that:

  • ‘The level of education and competence among the population can rise at all levels of education, differences in educational achievement can diminish, and educational equality can increase;
  • children and young people can feel well;
  • education and training can enhance gender equality and non-discrimination in society;
  • Finland can be an internationally attractive place in which to study, to conduct research and to invest.’

Ongoing debates

As previously mentioned in the overview (Youth Wiki/Finland 6. Education and training overview), the Government Programme for 2019-2023, has instigated much domestic discussion among citizens, experts and the media, especially over the suggestion to raise the minimum school leaving age to 18 years since the programme was published in June 2019. In the programme, it is stated: “We will raise the minimum school leaving age to 18 years. With this in mind, we plan to introduce a range of study and support options for compulsory education, such as voluntary additional primary and lower secondary education, folk high schools, workshops, rehabilitation and preparatory education, which may be included in the range of upper secondary qualifications. However, compulsory education cannot be extended unless the fees for upper secondary education are abolished. As part of preparing for the extension, we will conduct research into the reasons why students discontinue their upper secondary education, and take the appropriate measures to address these underlying causes. We will also carry out a study on non-fee-paying upper secondary education and a reduction in learning material costs and, based on these results, take the appropriate measures to implement upper secondary education that is genuinely free of charge.’ Further development is underway.