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EACEA National Policies Platform


6. Education and Training

6.10 Current debates and reforms

Last update: 2 April 2024

The Government has adopted the National Digital Citizenship Programme (Nemzeti Digitális Állampolgárság Program) in 2022, which aims to simplify administration and everyday office life between Hungarian citizens and the state. From mid-2024, a new mobile application will be available that will allow citizens to deal with official administrative matters within 0-24 hours. According to the ministry, the development agency pays particular attention to the needs of young people, not only in the planning phase but also during implementation. Several user studies have been carried out involving young adults, which indirectly contributes to the development of young adults' digital skills.

In the frame of the Digital Decade the Government prepared the National Strategic Plan (Nemzeti Stratégiai Ütemterv) which is currently under discussion. One of the aims is the digital education and training by the introduction of digital equipment and technologies in schools and by the development of digital competencies of students and teachers. There are several related measurements in the Plan, not only for public education but for vocational education, adult and higher education and in the field of social inclusion.

Current debates in national education

According to the information provided by the ministry in 2023, the content and the structure of the maturity exam is changed from 2024. The aim is to acquire certain skills (such as active problem solving and finding correlations) next to basic knowledge. Therefore, in the scientific, economic and media subjects, the students can choose to do project work. Also, the IT subject will be replaced with a digital culture subject and compulsory project work is required as a maturity exam.

According to the ministry information in 2024, as part of the EFOP Plus programmes, the ministry is planning a new application for public education institutions in which students can acquire active learning skills through non-formal and informal education. This means complex thematic programmes, such as holiday camps, visits to exhibitions, educational museum programmes and excursions. Several educational programme packages will be available for the schools and teachers could receive professional and methodological support in the implementation of the non-formal and informal learning programmes. The target group of the project are the schools in disadvantaged areas where the percentage of disadvantaged students is above 10% and the school uses inclusive pedagogical methods.

Current debates in national higher education

In 2020, there was a model change in higher education which means that the institutions were delegated in the maintenance of public interest asset management foundations. Furthermore, the state still has an important role in the higher education system as the procurer of the higher education service.

According to the ministry's information, from 2022, the possibilities of introducing 'micro-certificates', i.e. a new type of certificate that can be acquired in a short learning period, are under implementation. The aim is to quickly acquire skills and competencies that correspond to the rapidly changing society and labour market.