6.10 Current debates and reforms
Sex education is still in the development stage. The Law of the Republic of Lithuania on the Protection of Minors from the Negative Impact of Public Information was adopted in 2002. It defines the criteria for public information on the mental health, physical, mental or moral development of minors in order to protect them from negative impact. It may discourage education providers discussing sensitive issues (e.g. LGBTQI+, abortion etc.) with young persons.
Lithuania is reforming the teacher profession to improve its attractiveness, the quality of initial teacher training and continuous professional development.
Lithuania has a very low early school leaving rate, but students’ reading and maths skills are below the EU average. According to national tests, almost one fifth of 16-year-olds lack basic knowledge and skills.
Lithuania has the highest tertiary educational attainment rate in the EU, but the quality and innovation outcomes of higher education, in particular the quality of teaching and provision of soft skills, and practical training in higher education remain challenges.
Only a small percentage of adults participate in lifelong learning. As vocational education and training remains an unattractive option for students and their parents, there is a need to improve its quality and cooperation with companies.