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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki


6. Education and Training

6.10 Current debates and reforms

On this page:

1. Forthcoming policy developments
2. Ongoing debates


Forthcoming policy developments

The need for a framework when it comes to the dual education system had been a widely debated subject in the last years. Starting with the school year 2017/2018 it is available the learning contract for dual education system that was approved by the Minister’s Order. The contract is concluded between the educational establishment, the economic partner of the practice and the student or his / her parent / guardian / legal representative established. Romania is now trying to revive its vocational education, to provide a genuine alternative to academic programmes and fill the gap created by the dissolution of the Arts and Crafts Schools. Since 2011, students have been able to follow a VET programme in the technological high schools, beginning in Grade 9, initially for two years and since 2013 for three years. These programmes provide specialised vocational education developed in close collaboration with the business sector to offer an alternative to highschool through dual education.


Other current developments include:

  • a large sclae project of training teachers to ues new teaching methods;
  • continuing reforming the curriculum for all grades and reforming textbooks;
  • simplification of the administrative tasks of schools and teachers.


Ongoing debates 


Educated Romaniais the national project initiated by the President of Romania aiming to support the re-establishment of society on values, the development of a culture of success based on performance, work, talent, honesty and integrity. For this purpose, starting with 2016, the Presidential Administration had been conducting a wide public debate on education and research in Romania including consultations with experts and online surveys. In 2018, the country’s vision and country objectives on education and research in Romania for the next 12 years (2018-2030); a strategy for the education and research sector in the 2018-2030 horizon; a series of public policy proposals on the themes identified as priorities in the project, which also include elements on the governance of the education and research system had been mapped out and presented to the public. More information about the initiative is available on EURYDICE’s website. 


In terms of reducing ELET, the governmental initiatives are rather reduced. By the non-state actors, continued their work in either conducting lobby and advocacy campaigns to support the afterschool programmes in deprived communities (Human Catalyst) or implemented afterschool programmes with the support of the private sponsors.