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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Finland

Finland

References

On this page
  1. Legislation and official policy documents
  2. Data and statistics
  3. Studies, reports and academic publications
  4. Official websites

Legislation and official policy documents

All translations of Finnish legislation and policy documents in English are unofficial, and are legally binding only in Finnish and Swedish.

 

Act on Agricultural Structural Support 2007 (Laki maatalouden rakennetuista) (last accessed 1.8.2021).

Act on Criminal Record Background of Those Working with Children 2014 (last accessed 20.12.2018).

Act on Discretionary Government Transfers 2001 (last accessed 5.8.2021).

Act on Equality between Women and Men 1986 (last accessed 11.8.2021).

Act on Ombudsman for Children 2004 (Laki lapsiasiavaltuutetusta) (last accessed 20.12.2016).

Act on Pupil and Student Welfare 2013 (Oppilas- ja opiskelijahuoltolaki)(last accessed 5.9.2017)

Act on Political Parties 1969 (last accessed 21.1.2019).

Act on Public Employment and Business Service (last accessed 11.8.2021).

Act on the Protection of Privacy in Working Life 2004 (last accessed 11.8.2021).

Act on General Upper Secondary Education 2018 (Lukiolaki) (last accessed 21.1.2019).

Act on promotion of sport and physical education 2015 (last accessed 4.2.2019).

Act on Vocational Education 2017 (Laki ammatillisesta peruskoulutuksesta) (last accessed 21.1.2019).

Associations Act 1989 (last accessed 8.8.2021).

Basic Education Act 1998 (Perusopetuslaki) (last accessed 1.8.2021).

Child Welfare Act 2007 (last accessed 1.8.2021).

Constitution of Finland 1999 (last accessed 12.8.2021).

Employment Contracts Act 2001 (last accessed 8.8.2021).

Government Decree on Youth Work and Youth Policy 2017 (last accessed 31.7.2021).

Government Decree on the Advisory Board of Civil Society Policy 2007 (Valtioneuvoston asetus kansalaisyhteiskuntapolitiikan neuvottelukunnasta) (last accessed 8.8.2021).

Government Decree on maternity and child health clinic services, school and student health services and preventive oral health services for children and youth 2011 (last accessed 6.9.2021).

Finnish Government. Inclusive and competent Finland – a socially, economically and ecologically sustainable society. Programme of Prime Minister Sanna Marin’s Government 2019. (last accessed 31.7.2021).

Finnish Government. Government Report on EU Policy. Strong and united EU – towards a more sustainable European Union. Publications of the Finnish Government 2021:5 (last accessed 14.8.2021).

Finnish Government. Programme of Prime Minister Sipilä's Government 2015-2019 (last accessed 5.8.2021).

Finnish Government. The Action Plan for the Implementation of the Key Project and Reforms defined in the Strategic Government Programme (last accessed 11.8.2021).

Finnish Government. Hallituksen vuosikertomus 2020: Liite 1 Ministeriöiden tuloksellisuuden kuvaukset. (The Government Annual Report 2020: Appendix 1 Reports of effectiveness of the ministries (last accessed 12.9.2021)

Health Care Act 2010 (last accessed 4.2.2019).

Language Act 2003 (last accessed 12.8.2021).

Local Government Act 2015 (last accessed 22.1.2019).

Lotteries Act 2001 (last accessed 20.12.2018).

Non-Discrimination Act 2014 (last accessed 11.8.2021).

Occupational Safety and Health Act 2002 (last accessed 11.8.2021).        

PG  (111/2016)  Proposal  of  the  Finnish  Government  to  Parliament  as  regards  the  content  of  the  Youth  Act (HE  111/2016vp Hallituksen  esitys  eduskunnalle  nuorisolaiksi ) (last accessed  3.6.2017).

Polytechnics Act 2014 (last accessed 21.1.2019).

Social Assistance Act 1997 (last accessed 31.12.2018).

Universities Act 2009 (last accessed 21.1.2019).

Young Workers’ Act 1993 (last accessed 11.8.2021). 

Youth Act 2017 (last accessed 31.7.2021).  

Data and statistics

Council of Europe/ERICarts. Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe 17th Edition, 2016/Finland. (last accessed 30.10.2017) 

European Commission. Eurydice Finland (last accessed 11.8.2021).

Finnish National Agency for Education. Statistics on Internationalisation. (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Housing Finance and Development Centre of Finland (ARA) Homelessness in Finland 2017 (last accessed 31.12.2018).

Official Statistics of Finland. Education (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Official Statistics of Finland. Labour Force Survey (last accessed 11.8.2021). 

Official Statistics of Finland. The recession has cut young people's income most (last accessed 20.12.2016).

Official Statistics of Finland. Naiset ja miehet Suomessa 2016 (Women and men in Finland 2014) (last accessed 31.12.2018).

Regional State Administrative Agencies, 2016. Youth Work services are of good quality and available (Nuorisotyön palveluita on hyvin saatavilla) (last accessed 20.12.2016).

 

Studies, reports and academic publications

 

Aaltonen, S., Berg, P., 2018. Nuorten aikuisten siirtymät palkkatyöhön ja yrittäjyyteen (Young adults' transitions to wage work and entrepreneurship). Nuorisotutkimus (The Finnish Journal of Youth Research) Vol 36, (2), 3-18.

Aaltonen, S., Berg, P., Ikäheimo, S., 2015. Young people at the counter. Helsinki: Finnish Youth Research Network & Finnish Youth Research Society (last accessed 31.12.2018).

Citizen Forum. Voluntary activities in 2010 and 2015 in Finland (Vapaaehtoistyö Suomessa 2010 ja 2015) (last accessed 20.12.2018).

Council of Europe, 2011. Child and youth participation in Finland policy review (last accessed 22.1.2019).

Elo, S. & Kaihari, K. & Mattila, P. & Nissilä, Leena (Eds.) (2018) Constructive Interaction. National Agency for Education,Guides and handbooks 2018:8 (last accessed 6.9.2021).

Eurofound, 2015. Youth entrepreneurship in Europe: Values, attitudes, policies. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg (last accessed 11.8.2021).

European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training Cedefop, 2015. Finland: Forecast highlights up to 2025 (last accessed 21.12.2018).

European Commission, 2014. Working with young people: the value of youth work in the European Union (last accessed 19.12.2018).

European Commission, 2014. The European Commission Mutual Learning Programme. Key policy messages from the Peer Review on the ‘Youth Guarantee.' Country report of Finland (last accessed 10.8.2021).

European Commission/EACEA/Eurydice/Cedefop, 2014. Tackling Early Leaving from Education and Training in Europe: Strategies, Policies and Measures.Eurydice and Cedefop Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. (last accessed 19.12.2018). 

European Commission, 2015. Education and training monitor 2015 Finland (last accessed 30.10.2017) 

European Commission, 2016. Education and training monitor 2016 Finland (last accessed 30.10.2017) 

European Commission, 2016. Entrepreneurship Education at School in Europe. Eurydice Report (last accessed 20.12.2016). 

European Commission/EACEA/Eurydice, 2016. Structural Indicators for Monitoring Education and Training Systems in Europe – 2016. Eurydice Background Report to the Education and Training Monitor 2016. Eurydice Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. (last accessed 29.10.2017).

European Commission, 2017. Youth Guarantee country by country: Finland (last accessed 21.12.2018).

European Commission. The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) (last accessed 9.8.2021).

European Knowledge Centre of Youth Policy, EKCYP Information Sheet 2011. Finland: EKCYP Information Sheet Volunteering of Young People (last accessed 20.12.2018).

European Knowledge Centre of Youth Policy, EKCYP Information Sheet 2014.  Finland: EKCYP Information Sheet on Social Inclusion of Young People in Finland (last accessed 7.9.2021). 

European Knowledge Centre of Youth Policy, EKCYP Information Sheet 2016. Finland: EKCYP Information Sheet on Initiatives for Combating Inequalities and Engaging with the Refugee Crisis.

European Knowledge Centre of Youth Policy, EKCYP Information Sheet 2014.  Finland: Youth and the World (last accessed 20.12.2018).

European Union, 2006. Key Competences for Lifelong Learning – A European Framework on key competence (last accessed 21.12.2018).

European Union.Council Recommendation 2006/962/EC on key competences for lifelong learning (last accessed 11.8.2021).

European Union. Council Recommendation 2008/C319/8 on the mobility of young volunteers across the European Union (last accessed 8.8.2021).

European Union. Council Recommendation 2017/C189/03 on the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning (last accessed 9.8.2021).

European Union, 2011. Study on Volunteering in the European Union, Country Report Finland (last accessed 20.12.2018).

European Union. Youth employment: Commission proposes package of measures – frequently asked questions. Memo 5.12.2012. (last accessed 10.8.2021).

European Union. Council Recommendationof 2013/c 120/01 on establishing a Youth Guarantee (last accessed 10.8.2021).

European Union, 2015. Youth ReportFinland (last accessed 20.12.2016).

Finnish Federation of Settlement Houses. My Finances(last accessed 31.12.2018).

Finnish National Agency for Education, 2014. The curriculum for primary education and lower secondary education (Perusopetuksen opetussuunnitelman perusteet) (last accessed 21.12.2018).

Finnish National Agency for Education, 2015. The curriculum for upper secondary education (Lukion opetussuunnitelman perusteet) (last accessed 21.12.2018).

Finnish National Agency for Education, 2016. National Core Curriculum for Basic Education Helsinki: Finnish National Agency for Education (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Finnish National Agency for Education. Eurydice/National Education System/Finland (last accessed 11.8.2021).

Finnish National Commission on Sustainable Development. Cultural Environment Commitment (last accessed 30.10.2017) 

Finnish Social Science Data Archive. Data on Youth. (last accessed 29.10.2017)

Finnish Youth Cooperation – Allianssi, 2016. About Young People in Finland.

Finnish Youth Cooperation – Allianssi & Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, 2017. Prospects for municipal youth work (Kunnallisen nuorisotyön tulevaisuusodotukset) (last accessed 20.12.2018).

Gretschel, A., Hästbacka, N., 2016. Successful model for multidisciplinary work with young people - An evaluation of the impacts of Everyone goes to school project.Summary.Helsinki: Finnish Youth Research Network & Society. (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Hanhijoki, I., Katajisto, J., Kimari, M. & Savioja, H., 2012. Education, training and demand for labour in Finland by 2025 Publications 2012:6. Helsinki: Finnish National Agency of Education. (last accessed 21.12.2018).

Hirvonen, S., Puolitaival, S. (eds.) (2019) The Value of Volunteering (in Finnish Vapaaehtoistyön arvo) Publications of the Civic Forum 2/2019 (last accessed 8.8.2021).

Heinonen, O-P., Kestävä tulevaisuus on tärkeä teema opetussuunnitelman ytimessä. Nyt on aika ottaa kantaa ja vaikuttaa lukion antaman osaamisen tulevaisuuden sisältöihin. (Sustainable future is an important matter in the core of the curriculum. Now is time for speak out and make impact on what kind of expertise the general upper secondary school should offer). Opinion in Helsingin Sanomat 1.11.2019 (last accessed 4.2.2019).

Heiskanen, H., Meriläinen, N., 2018. Youth participation in legislative processes – A case study of the General Upper Secondary Education Act in Finland – a bullying narrative. Unpublished seminar presentation in Annual Conference of Youth Studies, Finnish Youth Research Society, 5.11.2018 Helsinki.

Heiskanen, H., Viljanen, J., Meriläinen, N., 2018. Jokainen on oman elämänsä vaikutusten arvioitsijoista paras. (Impact assessment of your life - you know best) Politiikasta (last accessed 28.1.2019).

Heiskanen, H., Viljanen, J., Meriläinen, N., 2018. Nuorten äänet kuuluviin lain valmistelussa digipalveluiden avulla. (Youth participation and law drafting: digital solutions). Politiikasta (last accessed 28.1.2019).

Hukkanen, V.,  9.10.2018. Sähköasentajaksi opiskeleva Esko Laitinen tappaa aikaansa kotona - Opetuksen vähyyteen pettynyt äiti: 'En antaisi Eskon asentaa sähköjä kotiin'. (Esko Laitinen is studying to become an electrian but is in fact wasting time at home - his mother is disappointed with the amount of contact time offered and says that she would not allow her son to install electricity in her home.) YLE public service broadcasting company.

Juntura, J. Statement by Jonne Juntura, Youth Delegate of Finland, at Commission for Social Development, 10 October 2018, New York.(Available also in YouTube). Permanent Mission of Finland to the UN (last accessed 29.1.2019).

Järvinen, E-M., Karhuvirta, T., 2011.Let's Invent more -Learning materials for Invention Clubs. A manual for club instructors, 2. Third revised edition. Helsinki: Development Centre Opinkirjo. (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Jäske, U.,  11.12.2018. Ammatilliseen koulutukseen on kohdistunut roppakaupalla kritiikkiä – Opetushallituksessa ja -ministeriössä kritiikki on otettu tosissaan. Ammatillisessa koulutuksessa on tarkoitus saada riittävä ammattitaito. Työelämätaidot kehittyvät ajan kanssa. (Vocational education has received a lot of criticism – which has been taken seriously by the National Agency for Education and by the ministry. The aim of vocational education is to supply adequate professional abilities. Working life skills develop with time). Regional Häme newspaper meen Sanomat (last accessed 17.1.2018).

Kaihari, K. Enhancing citizenship and human rights in education in Finland. 12.5.2017. Unpublished.

Karttunen, A., 2016. Country Report Finland. European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (last accessed 20.12.2018). 

Kauppalehti 30.11.2018. Amisreformi helpottaa koulujen ja yritysten yhteistyötä – mukana noin kolmannes Suomen yrityksistä. Yritykset kiittävät yhteistyötä ammattikoulujen kanssa. Elinkeinoelämä haluaa mukaan lisää yrityksiä. (The reform of vocational secondary education facilitates co-operation between the schools and enterprises – of which a third of enterprises are being included. The enterprises are thankful for the co-operation with the vocational education institutions. The business world would welcome more enterprises entering into such agreements) (last accessed 17.1.2019).

Kiilakoski, T., 2014. School is More. Practices, Opportunities and Problems of Cooperation Between Youth Work and School.Summary. Helsinki: Finnish Youth Research Network & Society. (last accessed 30.10.2017). 

Kolehmainen, M. & Lahtinen, P, 2014. Nuorisotyötä koulussa. Humanistinen Ammattikorkeakoulu (last accessed 5.9.2017).

Kumpulainen, T. (ed.), 2016. Key figures on apprenticeship training in Finland . Publications 2016: 7. Finnish National Agency for Education (last accessed 11.8.2021).

Kuusisto, E. & Pessi, A. B., 2013. Vapaaehtoistoiminta nuorten mielikuvissa ja motiiveissa (Young people’s thoughts and motives regarding voluntary activities). In: S. Myllyniemi ed. The Youth Barometer 2012. Helsinki: Finnish Youth Research Network & Ministry of Education and Culture & National Advisory Council on Youth Affairs (last accessed 20.12.2016).

Liikanen, E. & Hyssälä, L. & Kivistö, K. & Soininvaara, O. & Wideroos, U. & Pekkarinen, T. (2021) Suomalainen rahapelijärjestelmä muutoksessa: Tulevaisuuden vaihtoehtoja. (The Finnish gambling system in transition – Options for the future) Finnish Government, Publications 2021:12 (last accessed 5.9.2021).

Liiten, M.,  25.11.2018. Sipilä: lisäopettajia ammattikouluihin. Koulutus: Rajujen leikkausten kohteeksi joutuneet ammattikoulut suhtautuvat varauksella pääministerin esitykseen opettajista. Ammattikoulut ottaisivat mieluummin tasokorotuksen perusrahoitukseen kuin tuhat opettajaa. Newspaper Helsingin Sanomat.

Lundblom, P. & Eskelinen, T., 2012. Volunteering, without comparison (Vapaaehtoisuutta vailla vertaa?) In: S. Myllyniemi ed. The Youth Barometer 2012. Helsinki: Finnish Youth Research Network & Ministry of Education and Culture & National Advisory Council on Youth Affairs (last accessed 20.12.2016).

Luukka, T., 21.10.2018. Lähihoitajakouluun tuupataan ihmisiä, joita ei uskaltaisi lähettää työharjoitteluun - Opetusministeri Grahn-Laasonen aikoo palauttaa ammattikoulujen soveltuvuustestit jo tällä hallituskaudella (People are being pushed into practical nurse education, whom one wouldn’t dare accept into a traineeship. Minister of Education Grahn-Laasonen intends to reformulate the suitability tests for vocational secondary education by the end of this government term). In the newspaper Helsingin Sanomat (last accessed 17.1.2018).

Mattila, M., 26.11.2018. Veli-Matti Nyyssösellä, 17, on koulutus ja pian myös työpaikka – tällaista on uuden mallin mukainen ammattiopiskelu siellä, missä se toimii. Savon ammattiopistossa päätettiin jo vuonna 2015, että puolet oppimisesta tapahtuu työpaikoilla. Se toimii hienosti, kun opiskelijat, opettajat ja yritykset sitoutuvat malliin ja resursseja on tarpeeksi. [Veli-Matti Nyyssönen, 17, has a study place and soon, also a job — this is an example of the newly reformed vocational education system, where it works. In Savo Vocational College, it was already decided in 2015 that half of the education needs to take place in at the work place. This works well when the students, the teachers and enterprises engage with the model and there are enough resources.” YLE public service broadcasting company (last accessed 17.1.2019).

Mattila-Holappa, P., 2018. Mental health and labour market participation among young adults.Studies in social security and health 152. Helsinki: Kela (last accessed 31.12.2018).

Matveinen, P. & Knape, N., 2016. Terveydenhuollon menot ja rahoitus 2014. Hälso- och sjukvårdsutgifter samt deras finansiering 2014. Health expenditure and financing 2014. National Institute for Welfare and Health & Official Statistics of Finland. (last accessed 5.9.2017)

Merikivi, J., Myllyniemi, S., Salasuo, M. (2017) A Grip on Media – A study of children’s and young people’s leisure activities in 2016, with an emphasis on media and physical activities. Finnish Youth Research Society & Finnish Youth Research Network, Ministry of Education and Culture, State Youth Council, National Sports Council (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Meriläinen, N., Pietilä, I., Varsaluoma, J., 2018. Digital services and youth participation in processes of social change: World Café workshops in Finland. European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) General Conference Universität Hamburg, Germany 22-25.8.2018 (last accessed 28.1.2019). 

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, Publications 15/2014. The commissioned evaluation about the implementation of Youth Guarantee by the Rehabilitation Foundation and Diaconia University of Applied Sciences. (Yhdessä tekeminen tuottaa tuloksia. Nuorisotakuun tutkimuksellisen tuen loppuraportti) (last accessed 21.12.2018).

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, Report 19/2015. Closing report of the Youth Guarantee working group and its recommendations for future (Nuorisotakuu-työryhmän loppuraportti ja suositukset jatkotoimiksi)  (last accessed 10.8.2021).

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, 2015. Report on the Employment Service Convention (last accessed 11.8.2021).

Ministry of Education and Culture, 2006. The National Report of Finland on the Implementation of the Common Objectives for Voluntary Activities of Young People.

Ministry of Education and Culture, Publications 9/2009. Guidelines for entrepreneurship education (last accessed 20.12.2016). 

Ministry of Education and Culture, 2010. Report on National Youth Service in Finland (last accessed 20.12.2016).

Ministry of Education and Culture, Publications 8/2012. Child and Youth Policy Programme 2012-2015 (last accessed 29.10.2017).

Ministry of Education and Culture, 2013. Guidelines for applicants of discretionary government transfers (Opas hakijoille. Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriön harkinnanvaraisten valtionavustusten hakemisesta, käytöstä ja valvonnasta) (last accessed 20.12.2016).

Ministry on Education and Culture, 2014. Proposal for children’s culture policy programme (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Ministry of Education and Culture, Publications 17/2015. Supporting entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial attitude in Finnish higher education institutions (Yrittäjyyden ja yrittäjämäisen asenteen tukeminen suomalaisissa korkeakouluissa) (last accessed 21.12.2018).

Ministry of Education and Culture, 2016. Meaningful in Finland – the Action Plan (last accessed 31.12.2018).

Ministry of Education and Culture. National Youth Work and Policy Programme 2017-2019 (last accessed 31.7.2021).

Ministry of Education and Culture. National Youth Work and Policy Programme 2020-2023 (last accessed 31.7.2021).

Ministry of Education and Culture, 2016. Toiminnallinen tasa-arvosuunnitelma (The Action Plan for Equality) (last accessed 31.12.2018).

Ministry of Education and Culture, Publications 6/2016. The educational tracks and integration of immigrants – problematic areas and proposals for actions (last accessed  31.12.2018).

Ministry of Education and Culture, Publications 43/2016. National World Heritage Strategy (Yhteinen perintömme – kansallinen maailmanperintöstrategia) (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Ministry of Education and Culture, Publications 19/2017. Working group on Ensuring possibilities for recreational activities for every child and young person. Report in Finnish. (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Ministry of Education and Culture, Publications 20/2017. Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriön kulttuuripolitiikan strategia 2025. (Cultural Policy Strategy 2025 of Ministry of Education and Culture) (last accessed 21.12.2018).

Ministry of  Education and Culture, Publications 22/2017. Strategy for Cultural Policy (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Ministry of Environment, 2016. Action Plan for Preventing Homelessness in Finland 2016–2019(last accessed 31.12.2018).

Ministry of Environment, 2016. The Finland we want by 2050 - Society's Commitment to Sustainable Development (last accessed 31.12.2018).

Ministry of Environment, 2015. Implementation Plan of the Cultural Environment Strategy. (Kulttuuriympäristön toimeenpanosuunnitelma)(last accessed 30.10.2017).

Ministry of Finance, Publications 39/2015. Volunteering, voluntary activities, and neighbourly help – everything goes. The Working Group’s closing report regarding voluntary work, examining the coordination and development of the operational preconditions of voluntary activities (Vapaaehtoistyö, talkootyö, naapuriapu – kaikki käy. Vapaaehtoistoiminnan koordinaatiota ja toimintaedellytysten kehittämistä selvittävän työryhmän loppuraportti) (last accessed 28.1.2019).

Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 2014. Human rights report 2014 (last accessed 22.1.2019).

Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 2015. Parliamentarism in Finland. Just about everything you need to know about the Finnish Government (last accessed 21.1.2019).

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2016. Press release 03/05/2016 (in Finnish) (last accessed 14.9.2017)

Ministry of the Interior, Publications 3/2020. National Action Plan for the Prevention of Violent Radicalisation and Extremism 2019-2023 (last accessed 6.9.2021).

Ministry of the Interior, Publications 24/2017. Violent extremism in Finland – situation overview 1/2018 (last accessed 6.9.2021).

Ministry of Justice. Avoimen hallinnon tieto- ja kokemuskortit (Factsheets on how to improve the quality of the consultation processes with children and young people) (last accessed 22.1.2019).

Ministry of Justice. National Democracy Programme 2025 (last accessed 31.7.2021).

Ministry of Justice, 2014. Democracy Policy Report (last accessed 20.12.2016).

Ministry of Justice, Legislative Process Drafting Guide (last accessed 22.1.2019).

Ministry of Justice, 2017. Open Government III Action Plan 2017-2019 Finland(last accessed 22.1.2019).

Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Publications 22/2012. Government action plan for gender equality 2012-2015 (last accessed 21.12.2018).

Moilanen, T. & Airaksinen, M. & Kangasniemi, M. (2019) Manual on multi-professional Anchor work - a multi-professional collaboration to promote the well-being of adolescents and prevent crime. Publications of the Ministry of the Interior 2019:24 (last accessed 6.9.2021).

Montén, S., 2010. Education and labour force in the Helsinki metropolitan area 2020 / Knowhow towards the future (Koulutus & työvoima Helsingin seutu 2020 / Osaamisella kohti tulevaisuutta.) Vantaa: City of Vantaa (last accessed 21.12.2018).

Mulari, Heta (2018) Intergenerational Contests and Spatial Occupations in the City - Finland. Promise: Promoting Youth Involvement and Social Engagement: Opportunities and challenges for conflicted young people across Europe (last accessed 28.1.2019).

Murto, V., Vieno, A., Inkinen, A., Reinikainen, R., Saari, J., 2018. Toisen asteen ammatillisten koulutusvalintojen sukupuolittuminen ja nuorten epätyypilliset valinnat.Government's analysis, assessment and research activities Policy Brief 18/2018. Research Foundation for Studies and Education (Otus). 

Myllyniemi, S. (ed.), 2013. The Youth Barometer 2012Helsinki: Finnish Youth Research Network & Ministry of Education and Culture & National Advisory Council on Youth Affairs (last accessed 19.12.2018).

Myllyniemi, S., 2016. On Everyday Life – the 2015 Youth Barometer. Finnish Youth Research Society & Finnish Youth Research Network, Ministry of Education and Culture, State Youth Council (last accessed 19.12.2018).

Myllyniemi, S., 2017. A Look to the Future. Youth Barometer 2016. Finnish Youth Research Society & Finnish Youth Research Network, Ministry of Education and Culture, State Youth Council. (last accessed 19.12.2018)

Myllyniemi, S., 2017. Katse tulevaisuudessa. Nuorisobarometri 2016. Nuorisotutkimusseura & Nuorisotutkimusverkosto, Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriä, Valtion nuorisoneuvosto. (last accessed 19.12.2018)

Myllyniemi, S. (2010) Art in Context: Youth Culture and Art – the 2009 Youth Barometer. Research Society & Finnish Youth Research Network, Ministry of Education and Culture, State Youth Council.

Myllyniemi, S., Berg, P., 2013. Young people on the go! Study on young people’s leisure activities 2013. Finnish Youth Research Society & Finnish Youth Research Network, Ministry of Education and Culture, State Youth Council, National Sports Council (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Määttä, M. (ed.) 2018. One-Stop Guidance Center (Ohjaamo) – Ready to offer multi-agency services for the youngELY-Centre Central Finland (the Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment) (last accessed 11.8.2021).

National Audiovisual Institute. Finnish Media Education. Promoting media and information literacy in Finland(last accessed 18.1.2019). 

National Health and Welfare Institute, 2009. Mieli 2009THL:N toimeenpanosuunnitelma kansalliseen mielenterveys- ja päihdesuunnitelmaan 2009-2015. (last accessed 5.9.2017)

Nevala, A-M., 2011. European Inventory on Validation of Nonformal and Informal Learning 2010 Country Report: Finland. European Commission, DG Education and Culture in co-operation with The European Centre for Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop). (last accessed 30.10.2017)

Niemi, H., Multisilta, L., Lipponen, L., Vivitsou, M. (eds.), 2014. Finnish Innovations and Technologies in Schools A Guide Towards New Ecosystems of Learning.Rotterdam: Sense Publishers. (last accessed 30.10.2017). 

Niiranen, M., 2015. Velkajärjestelylain muutos 2015 (The changes made in the Act on the Adjustment of the Debts of a Private Individual 2015). Finnish Competion and Consumer Authority (last accessed 7.9.2021).

OECD, 2017. PISA 2015 Results Student’s wellbeing (Volume III) Overview (last accessed 30.10.2017).

Paananen, R.; Ristikari, T.; Merikukka, M.; Rämö, A.; Gissler, M., 2012. Lasten ja nuorten hyvinvointi Kansallinen syntymäkohortti 1987 -tutkimusaineiston valossa (last accessed 5.9.2017).

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