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EACEA National Policies Platform


6. Education and Training

6.10 Current debates and reforms

Last update: 7 January 2021

One of the constant debates in terms of Education and Training in Spain is the reduced legal validity of the system, with general education laws that are reformed or replaced in accordance with the political orientation of governments. Currently, there is a dialogue initiated between the Government, other political parties, the Autonomous Regions, and the education community, to reach a Pact for Education that would make possible to achieve normative stability of the Spanish educational system [1]. As a result of the collaboration between institutions the National Plan of Reforms 2019 [2] manifests the intention of the current government of reforming the Organic Law of Education (Ley Orgánica de Educación, LOE) and the intention of obtaining an educational framework that will not allow substantial changes in this matter depending only on the different governments agenda every four years. As an example, in Spain we can find 6 different educational laws in the last 20 years (LOGSE, LOPEG, LOCE, LOE, LOMCE and the recently approved LOMLOE).

The report concerning Spain, included in the Monitor of Education and Training 2019 (Monitor de la Educación y la Formación 2019), of the European Commission, points out that Spain is one of the countries with a higher percentage of year ELET (Early Leaving of Education or Training) compared with the EU mean. This report mentions the introduction of a new program, PROEDUCAR, with the aim of reducing this problem. Also the National Plan of Reforms 2019 main education related goal is to reduce the ELET following the recommendations of the 2020 Objectives. This plan also states an intention to universalize education between 0 and 3 years.

The Annual Report On the state of the Education System (2019), (Informe Anual sobre el Estado del Sistema Educativo (2019)),  prepared by the State School Board (Consejo Escolar del Estado), introduces, in chapter F, proposals for improvement, pointing out reforms and guidelines to increase the efficiency of educational investment, improve the quality and efficiency of education and training, or reinforce social cohesion.

[1] For further information, consult the section on ongoing reforms and political initiatives in the description concerning Spain in RediE (Eurydice Spain).

[2] See National Plan of Reforms (PNR) 2019 (Plan Nacional de Reformas (PNR) 2019).