Structure of Decision-making
Legislative competence on youth matters belongs to both the National Government and the local authorities (Regions and Autonomous Provinces) (Cf. 1.2).
As far as the national level is concerned, the Prime Minister is responsible for youth policies. The responsibility is generally delegated to a Minister (as is the case at present) or to an Undersecretary of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (“the Delegated Political Authority”).
The Department for Youth Policy and the Universal Civic Serviceconstitutes the operating arm. Its mandate includes:
- The implementation and coordination of the youth strategy (ref. para1.3);
- The promotion of youth rights;
- The management and implementation of the Universal civic serviceprogramme;
- Support to the supervisory functions of the Delegated Political Authority on the National YouthAgency;
- The representation function at a European and international level for youth policy matters.
Within the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, for the development of specific measures addressed at youth, the Department has the support of the following sectoral Departments:
- Department for equal opportunities;
- Department for anti-drug policies;
- Department for family policies;
- Department for sports ;
- Office for policies in favour of people with disabilities ;
- Department for cohesion policies;
- Department for information and publishing.
However, the promotion of youth rights is not exclusively assigned to the Department. All the Ministries are called upon to develop specific policies in favour of youth. The major programmes in favour of youth have been developed by the following Ministries:
At a local level, according to art. 117 of the Italian Constitution, Regions and Autonomous Provinces are entitled to legislate on youth policies, except for the determination of the fundamental principles, which are laid down in the State legislation (Cf.1.2).
Therefore, with the contribution of the Provinces and Municipalities (thus involving young people living in the Municipalities), the Regional Departments for Youth Policies can define the needs, proposals, safeguards and rights in the planning and implementation of the measures adopted in favour of youth within their respective territories.
In 2019, in agreement with all the relevant institutional actors, the Government placed policies in favour of young people at the centre of its action.
The pillars of the Government’s themes are the following:
Social inclusion of youth with fewer opportunities;
Employment and entrepreneurship;
Health and well-being, including programmes for the prevention of new forms of addictions
Creativity and culture.
The National Agency for Youth
The “National Agency for Youth” is the agency implementing the Erasmus+/youth and European Solidarity Corps (ESC) programmes. It is a public body, with organizational and financial autonomy, supervised by the delegated Political Authority by the means of the Department for Youth Policies andthe Universal Civic Service.Aside from the Erasmus+ and ESC programmes, the Agency implements measures in favour of youth in agreement with and funded by the Department of Youth Policies and the Universal CivicService.
Policy Monitoring and Evaluation
In Italy, the controlling and monitoring of youth policies financed through the Fund for Youth Policies is exercised by the Department for Youth Policies and the Universal Civic Serviceand is addressed at:
- verifying the correct use of the resources of the Fund for Youth Policies earmarked for national and territorial interventions;
- the financial planning, administrative and accounting management of the Civic Service Fund.
The Department produces periodical reports on the progress of all the programme activities implemented by the Regions, autonomous Provinces and Municipalities through the national youth Fund. The Departmenthas the right to carry out inspections on-site to monitor and verify the correct implementation of the activities.