In Italy, the field of non-formal and informal learning has received a strong impetus especially from private social actors, such as cultural and youth associations, foundations, NGOs and some training centres and networks for volunteering, which have shown themselves to be sensitive to the issue due to their ability to involve and encourage young people within their activities. On the institutional side, some Regions have formalised regional systems for the validation and certification of training experiences in non-formal contexts (e.g. Emilia Romagna, Lombardia, Piemonte, Puglia, Sardegna, Toscana, Umbria, Valle d'Aosta, Veneto). It should also be pointed out that the importance of non-formal learning has been acknowledged in national legislation, which is increasingly oriented towards a transformation of the didactics of schools of all levels in the direction of the competence model, with attention to non-formal training experiences.
On the topic of learning to participate through non-formal and informal learning, the awareness-raising projects being developed can be found in the chapter on youth policy.