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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Croatia

Croatia

1. Youth Policy Governance

1.4 Youth policy decision-making

On this page
  1. Structure of Decision-making
  2. Main Themes
  3. The National Agency for Youth
  4. Policy monitoring and evaluation

Structure of decision-making

National level:

Youth Policy decision-making takes place primarily at a central government level. The main responsibility for youth policy lies within:

 

The Central State Office for Demography and Youth was founded in the August of 2020 by the Regulation on Internal Structure of the Central State Administrative Office for Demography and Youth (OG 97/2020) (Uredba o unutarnjem ustrojstvu Središnjeg državnog ureda za demografiju i mlade (NN 97/2020)).  The newly formed Central State Administrative Office took the main responsibilities of the former Ministry for Demography, Family, Youth and Social Policy in the youth field.

 

Advisory Board:

  1. monitors the work of ministries and other state administration bodies in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of youth policies within their jurisdictions and, in this context, provides opinions and recommendations
  2. monitors the development of youth organisations and provides recommendations for the improvement of their work and support systems
  3. provides recommendations for the development of youth policies at local, regional, national and European levels
  4. monitors and reacts to phenomena in society that are significant for youth

Members of the Youth Council are representatives of relevant government bodies, representatives of scientific institutions and county associations.

Local level:

Local and regional self-government

Apart from central government, regional and local self-government units also coordinate local and regional youth policy even though this is not explicitly stipulated in the Law on Local and Regional Self-government (Zakon o lokalnoj i područnoj (regionalnoj) samoupravi, NN 33/01, 60/01, 129/05, 109/07, 125/08, 36/09, 36/09, 150/11, 144/12, 19/13, 137/15, 123/17, 98/19)

The Republic of Croatia consists of 21 counties (including the City of Zagreb), 127 towns and 429 municipalities. According to the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia (Ustav Republike Hrvatske, NN 56/90, 135/97, 08/98, 113/00, 124/00, 28/01, 41/01, 55/01, 76/10, 85/10, 05/14) and the Law on Local and Regional Self-Government, counties, cities and municipalities are independent in deciding on affairs in their self-governing sphere.

Counties, towns and municipalities decide independently on the financial means that will be provided annually for the implementation of various youth-targeted activities.

However, the former Ministry of Demography, Family, Youth and Social Policy has, for the last few years, provided certain funds intended for the preparation of local and regional youth programmes in accordance with the specific interests and needs of young people in a specific area.

The implementation of recommendations by counties, towns and municipalities is a part of every annual report on the implementation of the National Youth Programme submitted by the Ministry of Demography, Family, Youth and Social Policy to the Government of the Republic of Croatia for adoption.

 

Youth advisory boards

Youth Advisory Boards are advisory bodies of local and regional self-government units that promote and advocate the rights, needs and interests of young people at local and regional level. They are established based on the Youth Advisory Boards Act (OG 41/14) (Zakon o savjetima mladih, NN 41/14), and their members and deputy members are elected for a term of three years.

 

 

Main themes

The priority areas of the National Youth Programme are usually determined on the basis of:

  • results and recommendations from researches
  • analyses of valid strategic documents in the Republic of Croatia:        
  • the results of the evaluation of previous national youth programmes
  • European Commission and council documents relating to youth, including the EU Youth Strategy

 

The national agency for youth

The Republic of Croatia has no National Agency for Youth, however there is a National Erasmus+ agency, Agency for Mobility and the EU programmes, which actively participates in the youth policy framework.

 

Policy monitoring and evaluation

Local self-government units are obliged by the Law on Youth Advisory boards to annually submit a report on the youth advisory boards programme.

The only evaluation ever made of the National Youth Strategy conducted by an independent youth researcher was in December 2017. The evaluation showed that only 36.44% of measures were implemented (Baketa, 2017).