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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki


4. Social Inclusion

4.8 Current debates and reforms

Integration track: The entry track for migrants

The DG is responsible for integration. Together with many individual measures and initiatives, the government has deployed a working group. Its task is to develop an integration track for the migrants in the DG.

This is a track that the migrants have to pass along. The path contains four stages:

First of all a reception is required offering them first guidance. Then it is necessary to teach the people the language but also the rights, obligations and values of the receiving society by means of integration and language courses. The conclusion is the successful integration into the labour market as well as social inclusion into society. This too requires a certain support.

The working group is working on a concept for this that is based on best practice examples of integration paths in Belgium and abroad. Nonetheless the integration track must also be adapted to the DG and its peculiarities must be considered.

Integration concerns many fields of action. In the working group thee are decision-makers from all relevant competence areas of the DG.

Setting up a working group is one of the first measures of the future project “Strong Together” (Regional Development Concept, second implementation phase). Alongside the adoption of an integration decree, the development of a compulsory integration track is one of the planned work stages in this project.

In May 2015 the WG was set up. In the second half of the year the WG dealt primarily with the analysis of the integration paths in Flanders and Walloon and also met the actors on site. Also the content of the language courses is largely set up. The next steps are

  • the integration course
  • the analysis of the existing and lacking provision in the DG so that the track can be implemented

The initial basis of the work is the integration concept of the Integration WG of the Council for Development, Solidarity and Integration [Rat für Entwicklung, Solidarität und Integration] RESI for short. The task of the working group is to voice concrete recommendations to the government for an integration track by summer 2016. Following on from the work of the working group, the government will present the draft of an integration decree to the parliament before the end of the legislative period.

Case management for improving the cooperation of the services with the aim of strengthening social cohesion in the German-speaking Community

Various analyses conducted in the DG on poverty in the DG show that families and thus also young people are often burdened with a great number of problems. This “multiple problems burden” represents a great challenge for the institutions responsible and cooperation does not always function smoothly.

Often there is a lack of regular exchange of information. It is important to optimise the cooperation of the services across the sectors to jointly organise help adapted to the needs of the family and/or the young person and to find appropriate measures (e.g. emergency accommodation) in crisis situations. The case management methodology should improve cooperation here.

From the present control level of case management a structurally promoted poverty network anchored in law is to be created in future.


Subject of the Citizen Dialogue

The Citizen Dialogue is a model aiming at permanent participation of the public at political decision-making, which finds its legal base in the "decree establishing a permanent Citizen Dialogue in the German-speaking Community" (Dekret zur Einführung eines permanenten Bürgerdialogs in der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft). The Citizen Dialogue is composed of a Citizen Council and a Citizen Assembly. The members of both the Council and the Assembly are regularly exchanged. Once a year, the Citizen Council launches a call for proposals for topics to be discussed. Once a topic is chosen, the Citizen Assembly will get informed about the topic, debate the topic and finally formulate policy recommendations. One year later, it is evaluated to what extent the policy recommendations have been implemented. The current topic of the Citizen Dialogue is "Inclusion makes school! What changes do we need in education to make inclusion a success for everyone?"


"The future of special education in mainstream schools"

"The future of special education in mainstream schools" (Die Zukunft der Förderpädagogik in Regelschulen) is a project of the Regional Development Concept III (Regionales Entwicklungskonzept III, REK III). The aim of this project is to identify learning deficits and to establish systems for the individual support of pupils. New structures in the area of special education are to be established to enable children and adolescents to follow their own developmental path. The contents of the project are an overall concept for special education, a new legal basis and awareness-raising measures. 



Coresil is a project to support the resilience of people with a need for support, their families as well as specialists in reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic. Another goal is to increase organizational resilience to enable public services and social services to maintain their services even in times of crisis. The "Agency for Self-Determined Living" (Dienststelle für Selbstbestimmtes Leben, DSL) implements two actions within this project to support persons with impairments:

- 1. expansion of the consultation possibilities through the use of ELVI CGM.

Since September 2020, the CGM ELVI application has been used to provide counseling sessions via video conferencing. CGM ELVI is a secure solution that enables the exchange of sensitive data. Through a simple user interface, counseling sessions can be conducted remotely with up to five people.

- 2. providing documents in plain language for people with impairments.

To explain the Corona virus and related measures, documents in plain language are prepared and distributed. In this framework, for example, the "Smile" booklet on the corona virus is translated from French into German and supplemented with appropriate information on the German-speaking community. Various Smile booklets already exist on a range of topics (you can find out more here). The translation of further documents is also planned within the framework of this project.

Coresil started on 1 September 2020 and has a duration of one year. It is supported by the Interreg V - Euregio Meuse-Rhine program, which covers parts of Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands.