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EACEA National Policies Platform


4. Social Inclusion

4.8 Current debates and reforms

Last update: 29 January 2024

Currently, two main strategies are being adopted in Slovakia:

1. The Strategy for the Gradual Development of Inclusive Education in Slovakia up to 2030 

The National Program for the Development of Education and Training approved by the Government of the Slovak Republic on 27 June 2018, envisions the creation of the Strategy for the Gradual Development of Inclusive Education in Slovakia. This task was asigned to the Research Institute of Child Psychology and Pathopsychology (hereinafter VUDPAP) on behalf of the Ministry of Education, Research, Development and Youth of the Slovak Republic. For this purpose, VUDPAP proposed a working group in cooperation with The Coalition for Joint Education (hereinafter Inclucoalition). The working group consist of 20 experts from various fields. 

2. The Strategy of the Slovak Republic of Equity, Inclusion, and Participation of Roma up to 2030 

In July 2020, the Office of the Plenipotentiary of the Government of the Slovak Republic for Roma Communities initiated the first meeting of the Steering Working Group for the preparation, revision and update of the Strategy of Slovak Republic for Integration of Roma Communities up to 2030. Representatives of ministries, other central state administration bodies, self-government, academia and civil society were directly involved in the process of preparing the new strategy. 

On 7 April 2021 the Slovak Government by its Resolution No. 181/2021 adopted the Strategy of Equality, Inclusion and Participation of Roma till 2030 (Strategy)

The Strategy is presented by the government as a set of starting points and goals, aiming to eliminate segregation of Roma communities, achieve a significant positive turnaround in social inclusion of Roma and prevent their discrimination. It also aims to improve coexistence between Roma minority and the majority and change negative attitudes towards Roma in Slovak society. The Strategy notes that most of the Roma population in the country continue to face multiple disadvantages and as such it targets marginalised Roma communities as well as Roma who do not live in marginalised communities, but still face structural inequalities. As a long-term strategic document, it remains open for updating, additions or revisions based on the monitoring or evaluation process. Thematically, the strategy covers five priority areas – education, housing, employment, healthcare and fight against anti-Roma racism and support of Roma participation. As a next step, the defined global and partial goals for each priority area are going to be worked out in action plans into concrete measures and activities with a realistic quantification of the necessary financial requirements and identified suitable resources to cover them. The action plans will be regularly updated in line with the monitoring cycle of the Strategy.