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Forthcoming policy developments
In July 2018 a draft law (projet de loi) on the accessibility of public areas and collective housing was presented to the parliament. This draft law, which has not yet been adopted, aims at reducing barriers particularly for people with disabilities. It will replace the first 2001 law on the accessibility of public areas and includes some modifications: the extension of the scope of application, the introduction of an a priori control of requirements for access, the establishment of an advisory board on accessibility, the training of technical inspectors, public subsidies, and the introduction of penal sanctions in case the requirements of accessibility have been violated.
The situation with housing for the young is different from the one of access to the labour market, as housing policy does not target young people to the same extent. In various areas (housing, childcare and family support, social assistance, youth work), there are measures aiming to support young people so that they can live independently. However, these measures have developed from a variety of traditions. As a consequence, there is no 'young people and housing' policy as such. Although over the past two years there have been initiatives to deal with this issue, as a result of the increased collaboration between the ministries in question. Some initial housing projects have been set up specifically for young people. The challenge in this field will be to create a proper government 'young people and housing' policy, to continue increasing the available provision for young people and to link up all the players involved. Linking everyone will make it possible to work on different areas, such as encouraging alternative forms of housing, ensuring consistency in the measures aimed at young people and making sure that the information directed towards them meets their needs and fits with how they communicate. School policy is an important subject in the political and public discourse. Primary and secondary schools are facing many challenges with regard to integration and social inclusion of their very diverse pupils. The ministry has implemented many projects that aim at strengthening the social inclusion of pupils from different linguistic, cultural and socio-economic backgrounds.