6.3 Preventing early leaving from education and training (ELET)
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White Paper No. 20 (2012-2013) [På rett vei] introduced measures to strengthen the quality of basic education. Challenges in vocational and vocational education and training in upper secondary education are central to the paper, and includes measures linked to vocational and practical training, to give students and apprentices better conditions to complete education and training.
The Lied-committee, chaired by Ragnhild Lied, was appointed by the Ministry of Education and Research on 1 September 2017. The committee's mandate has been to assess the strengths and weaknesses of today's upper secondary education, and to propose changes in the structure, organization and composition of the education. On December 17, 2019, the committee handed over the Official Norwegian Report on the structure and content of upper secondary education [NOU 2019: 25 Med rett til å mestre – Struktur og innhold I veregående opplæring]. The committee The committee proposes measures to help students master their education so that they are qualified for further education, working life and active participation in society. The report has been presented for public consultation. This will lay the foundation for a parliamentary report on upper secondary school, which will be presented in the spring of 2021.
The ‘programme for fulfilment of upper secondary education’ [Program for bedre gjennomføring i videregående opplæring] is the overarching national initiative to reduce ELET in upper secondary education. The initiative is centred on establishing lasting collaboration between the central government, the regional county authorities and local municipalities in order to get more young people to complete upper secondary education. The initiative put forward a national target to increase the completion rate from 70% to 75% and consists of a series of initiatives on national, regional and municipal level. The programme contains national, regional and local measures and is organised along two tracks:
Track 1 – systematise and develop the county council's overall knowledge and experience with measures aimed at the target group.
Track 2 systematically test measures aimed at getting more people to complete upper secondary education. Research communities and counties have collaborated to develop measures, and obtain funding to develop, pilot, test and then evaluate the impact of the measures.
It is too early to say anything about the effects of the measures. The final reports from the programme will be delivered in 2020.
There are no top-level initiatives for actions aiming at preventing and reducing ELET through non-formal or informal learning or youth work.
From 2015 the Directorate of Health, the Directorate for Children, Youth and Families, the Directorate for Labor and Welfare, the Directorate for Integration and Diversity and the Directorate for Education, cooperated through the "0–24 collaboration" (0-24 samarbeidet). The purpose of the collaboration was to help ensure that all children and young people receive the support and help they need to master their own lives. With a specific emphasis on increasing the successful completion rate in upper secondary. The 0-24 collaboration was terminated during March 2021, after 5 years.The collaboration will be continued, but it is not yet completely clear in what form.