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EACEA National Policies Platform


6. Education and Training

6.7 Skills for innovation

Last update: 1 March 2022
On this page
  1. Innovation in formal education
  2. Fostering innovation through non-formal and informal learning and youth work

Innovation in formal education

Norway’s current national strategy for the development of entrepreneurship competence and of an entrepreneurial mind-set among young people is described in the action plan Entrepreneurship in Education and Training – from compulsory school to higher education 2009-2014 [Handlingsplan Entreprenørskap i utdanningen – fra grunnskole til høyere utdanning 2009–2014]

Entrepreneurship for both compulsory education and for upper secondary education and training is embedded in the Core Curriculum (under revision), the Quality Framework and in the various subject curricula. A more detailed description can be found in the strategy ‘See the Opportunities and Make them Work!’.

See YouthWiki chapter 3 on Employment and Entrepreneurship in Norway where entrepreneurship training/teaching is described separately for:

  • Upper Secondary Education.

  • Vocational Education and Training.

  • Higher Education.

  • Adult Education.

Entrepreneurship education is not a compulsory topic in Initial Teacher Education (ITE) in Norway.

Teachers in general upper secondary education are offered CPD activities (Continuing professional development) related to entrepreneurship education.

No central guidelines are provided for any curriculum area.

Several European countries are developing entrepreneurship education at school through the Lifelong Learning Programme (which has now become the ERASMUS+ programme) aiming to enable people, at any stage of their life, to take part in stimulating learning experiences.

The Norwegian Directorate for Teaching and Training and the Norwegian Center for ICT in Education offers teaching materials, good practices, and pedagogical approaches through the website The target practitioners are primary school teachers and other formal educators.    

The organisation JA-YE Norway [Ungt Entreprenørskap] also offers teaching materials for primary school [grunnskole 1. – 7. trinn], lower secondary school [Grunnskole 8. – 10. trinn), upper secondary school [videregående opplæring] and higher education [høyere utdanning].

There is currently no separate formal certification on entrepreneurship teaching or training.

There is currently no national initiated development of networks for teaching Entrepreneurship outside the initiative.

Fostering innovation through non-formal and informal learning and youth work

Norway has no top-level policy measures regulating the recognition and validation of entrepreneurial learning in non-formal and informal learning environments (e.g., in accordance with the proposed European Commission recommendation).

Norway has no top-level policy measures setting up specific tools (e.g., learning kit, self-assessment, portfolio for entrepreneurial competence) in non-formal or informal learning settings.