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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki


6. Education and Training

6.8 Media literacy and safe use of new media

On this page
  1. National strategy
  2. Media literacy and online safety through formal education
  3. Promoting media literacy and online safety through non-formal and informal learning
  4. Raising awareness about the risks posed by new media

National strategy

The Governement’s Digitization strategy for basic education 2017–2021 [Digitaliseringstrategi for grunnopplæringen 2017–2021] aims to make new technologies readily available to empower young people's leaning and creativity, including capacity for innovation. The main goals of the strategy are:

  • Pupils should have digital skills that enable them to experience life's challenges and succeed in further education, work and community participation.

  • ICT should be well utilized in the organization and implementation of training to increase pupils' learning outcomes.

Specific measures include developing safe digital infrastructures and raising skills among teachers as well as measures for:

Student learning and school content

  • Technology and coding into school curricula.

  • Elective in coding permanent scheme from 2019.

  • National pilot on coding as a program in higher education.

  • Universal design of digital teaching materials.

  • Spread knowledge about the use of technology and digital learning materials for students with special needs.

  • Stimulating grants to develop new, digital teaching tools in vocational and vocational education.

Media literacy and online safety through formal education

Curriculum/steering documents

Media literacy and online safety is signified as “digital skills” [digitale ferdigheter] in the Norwegian Core Curriculum. Digital skills are defined as one of five basic skills (oral skills, reading, writing, digital skills, and numeracy).

Obtaining digital skills is considered fundamental to learning in all subjects as well as a prerequisite for learners to be able to demonstrate their competences and qualifications.

In addition to the strategy official documents addressing media literacy within the context of the national curriculum, are:

Main topics addressed

Framework for basic skills (The Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training, 2013) defines and describes the five basic skills – oral skills, reading, writing, digital skills and numeracy. All subject-specific curricula describe how the five basic skills contribute to developing learner competence and qualifications and how they are integrated into the subject.

Digital skills involve being able to use digital tools, media and resources, efficiently and responsibly, to solve practical tasks, find and process information, design digital products and communicate content. Digital skills also include developing digital judgment by acquiring knowledge and good strategies for using the Internet. They are seen as a prerequisite for further learning and for active participation in working life and a society in a constant change.

The framework defines four subcategories of digital skills: search and process, produce, communicate, and digital judgement. (CEDEFOP, 2017: Digital skills Norway).

Pedagogical tools and teacher support

Framework for the Teacher´s Professional Digital Competence (In Norwegian: Rammeverk for lærerens digitale kompetanse) from The Center for ICT in Education (2017) is a guidance for teacher students, teachers, policymakers and others to improve the teachers digital knowledge, skills and general competence in the teacher initial education (ITE) and in the teachers continuing professional development (CPD).

As a continuing support, Skills Norway [Kompetanse Norge] offers a launch site for teachers and care takers on digital skills [Digitale Ferdigheter].

The site offers: 

  • Tools, tests and questionnaires on digital skills and safety.

  • Web-based courses, training programmes and mapping tools.

  • Educational programmes, like online educational quizzes and games for children and youth.

Equivalent pedagogical tools and teacher support is also offered by the Norwegian Directorate for Education e.g. for the national project Lower Secondary Education in Development (2013-2017) [Ungdomstrinn i utvikling].

Promoting media literacy and online safety through non-formal and informal learning

Norway does not have national policy, programme, project or initiative enhancing young people’s media literacy and awareness about online safety issues in the context of non-formal or informal learning.

Youth workers and others in non-formal/informal learning environments have access to digital resources and tools offered by The Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training and from Skills Norway (see description above).

Raising awareness about the risks posed by new media

Information providers/ counselling structures

The Center for ICT in Education (IKT-senteret), The Norwegian Data Protection Authority (Datatilsynet) and The Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (Utdanningsdirektoratet) has developed a common web site with resources for children, youth and adults to strengthen privacy, safe use of Internett and digital judgement: (You decide).

The Norwegian Data Protection Authority [Datatilsynet] acts as the Ombudsman for Privacy (Personvernombud) in Norway. The authority protects the right to privacy and strives to prevent misuse of personal data and offers several practical online resources of particular relevance to children, youth, parents, and schools on digital safety:

  • Children, Youth and Schools (Barn, ungdom og skole) Relevant regulations, guidance etc.

  • Personvernbloggen [‘Privacy blog’] General blog on issues regarding privacy.

  • [‘You decide’] Particularly for the age groups of 9-13, and 13-18. Presents facts, stories, exercises and videos about privacy and digital responsibility

  • [‘delete me’] The aim of the service is to help people who experience privacy violations online.                           

  • [‘ID theft’] Providing information for prevention and assistance to those who have been exposed to ID theft and fraud. 

The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir) is the main information provider in terms of a dedicated website to youth (, and topics addressed includes bullying/cyber bullying, grooming, identity theft, social media sharing etc.  

Awareness raising initiatives

Norway has no large-scale, youth-targeted initiatives (directly organised and/or funded by public authorities) for raising awareness on the risks posed by new media.

The Norwegian Data Protection Authority offers several permanent online resources of particular relevance to children and youth. See Information providers/ counselling structures.

The Ombudsperson for Children is advocating for coordinated and long-term joint efforts for safer digital spaces for children and young people. It organised an expert group of youth aged 14-18 that delivered a report on youth and digital media in 2019, including a number of recommendations to improve digital safety for young people.