4.4 Inclusive programmes for young people
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The Youth Guarantee is a European programme that has been implemented in Luxembourg since June 2014. It focuses on inactive or unemployed young people between 16 and 24 years of age (for further details see: Youth Guarantee). It is coordinated by the Ministry of Labour, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy.
The implementation of the Youth Guarantee comprises four phases:
- Phase 1 - Outreach and Information: Spreading information about the various possibilities available to young people for receiving assistance, and systematically contacting every young school dropout
- Phase 2 - Guidance: Guiding/directing the young person towards the appropriate representative, given his/her intentions for the future
- Phase 3 - Contract: Signing of a formal commitment/agreement with the administration that has been identified in phase 2 as the most suitable to offer extensive support to fulfil the (now considered to be) realistic intentions of the young person
- Phase 4 - Implementation: Initiating the intervention activities such as employment, various active labour market policy instruments, training opportunities, traineeship, education, vocational and educational training (apprenticeship), and activation measures.
This programme includes three different approaches to guide young people depending on their specific situation: (1) Job-oriented trajectory, (2) school-oriented trajectory and (3) activation-oriented trajectory.
The following public bodies are involved in the Youth Guarantee programme: the National Employment Agency, the Ministry of Labour, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy, the Department of Vocational Education and Training, the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth and the National Youth Service (through its service of Local Support for Young People).
Specific initiatives and programmes exist and will be reinforced specifically with respect to early intervention schemes for the vulnerable young people. These initiatives take into account a broad range of difficulties faced by this group. They mostly concern the school-oriented and activation-oriented trajectories of the Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan (for details on the key initiatives and its objectives and target groups, see: Youth Employment Measures).
The National Employment Agency offers specific programmes for young job seekers and provides financial support to employers who hire young job seekers. These programmes aim at providing opportunities and necessary resources to young job seekers to foster their full participation in economic life.
The 2022 law on the accessibility of public areas and collective housing aims at reducing barriers particularly for people with disabilities. It replaces the first 2001 law on the accessibility of public areas and includes some modifications: the extension of the scope of application, the introduction of an a priori control of requirements for access, the establishment of an advisory board on accessibility, the training of technical inspectors, public subsidies, and the introduction of penal sanctions in case the requirements of accessibility have been violated.
Funding for the Youth Guarantee is provided through the budget of the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth and the Employment Fund. Several parts of the Youth Guarantee scheme are funded by the European Solidarity Fund. Budget details are not available.
Assessment of the Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan will be done according to 2 criteria:
- First, there will be an assessment of the percentage of young persons who have received the offer defined in their individual contract within 4 months of signing this contract
- Second, there will be an assessment of the quality of the offer received by the young people.
This assessment will be realised with longitudinal administrative data from the National Employment Agency and the social security administration. Where possible, control group-based evaluation techniques will be used (propensity score matching techniques).
The results of these evaluations will be presented and the Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan will be improved accordingly.
The specific programmes offered by the National Employment Agency are evaluated by an evaluation report, which has to be completed by the National Employment Agency and by the employer six months after the beginning of the contract and eight weeks before its end. This evaluation is specifically designed to monitor the improvement of specific skills (personal, social, technical, language, ICT) during the measure.