8.3 National strategy on creativity and culture for young people
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In February 2020, the Government of Serbia adopted the Culture Development Strategyfrom 2020 to 2029 (Strategija razvoja kulture Republike Srbije od 2020. do 2029. godine) with an Action Plan. The strategy systematically regulates the public interest in the field of culture and determines the strategic priorities of its development in the stated ten-year period.
Children and young people are recognized as the most important segment in the development of cultural needs, because they are not only visitors to the event, but also future audiences and creators in culture. The Strategy implies it is very important to involve young people in creating cultural content.
The ninth strategic goal of the National Youth Strategy 2015-2025 (Nacionalna strategija za mlade za period 2015-2025) is dedicated to the consumption of culture and participation of youth in the creation of cultural programmes. More details on National Youth Strategy is provided in Chapter 1.3 National youth strategy.Scope and contents
The general goal of the Culture Development Strategy is to improve the role of culture in the life of the citizens of the Republic of Serbia, and as special goals are stated:
- improvement of the regulatory framework, institutional capacities and financing system;
- development of an investment system in cultural institutions and protection of cultural heritage;
- production development, cultural needs and equal participation of citizens in cultural life;
- promotion of international cooperation and the process of European integration in the field of culture;
- digitalization in culture.
The Action Plan for the implementation of the Culture Development Strategy has been developed for the medium-term period from 2020 to 2022. It envisages:
- well-thought-out legislative activity and responsible personnel policy;
- a commitment to protect and nurture national culture;
- protection of cultural rights of national minorities and other vulnerable social groups and promotion of mutual understanding.
Also, the Action Plan implies wide accessibility of culture and equal participation in cultural life; development of cultural needs of citizens, especially children and youth, particularly through the media; protection and valuation of cultural heritage as a non-renewable and unique heritage, encouragement and promotion of artistic creation as a free expression of the human spirit; active participation in international cultural exchange and contribution to the country's reputation in the world; modern models of financing and understanding of culture as a significant economic potential.
National Youth Strategy 2015-2025 dedicated 9th strategic goal to the consumption of culture and participation of youth in the creation of cultural programmes. Specific goals are:
- provided continuous support to the creativity of young people and youth participation in the creation and consumption of cultural programmes;
- increased use of cultural content among young people.
As implied by the Strategy, the government intends to support programmes that promote the cultural and creative potential of young people both in formal and non-formal education setting, and in this way to ensure better access for participation of young people in enriching the cultural offer. Increasing the scope, diversity and quality of cultural offer is restated also as a priority at the level of local communities and diverse actors in the system.
In February 2020, the Government adopted the Smart Specialization Strategy from 2020 to 2027 (Strategija pametne specijalizacije od 2020-2027). This Strategy is an important instrument for improving the innovation and research ecosystem in Serbia, as well as for the development of a knowledge and innovation economy. Creative industry is recognised as one of the priority areas of development. It is seen as an increasingly important part of Serbian economy expansion.Responsible authority for the implementation of the strategy
The Culture Development Strategy was proposed by the Ministry of Culture and Information but other responsible ministries and institutions are envisages to participate in implementation of activities planned by the action plan. Among others these are: Institute for Improvement of Education, the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, educational institutions, textbook publishers etc.
Responsible authority for the implementation of the National Youth Strategy 2015-2025 is the Ministry of Youth and Sports, however other authorities with whom the ministry will share responsibility in carrying out the activities are the ministry responsible for culture, the ministry responsible for education, the ministry responsible for information and media and local self-governments.
The Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, as the holder of the Strategy, will be the responsible institution and the main body responsible for monitoring and implementation of the Smart Specialization Strategy. The working body of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, the Public Policy Secretariat and the ministries responsible of the Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation would be in charge for coordinating and monitoring the Strategy.Revisions/updates
As the Culture Development Strategy is newly adopted, no evaluation nor revisions have been conducted.
The National Youth Strategy 2015-2025 has not undergone any revisions/updates since its adoption. There have been one evidence-based evaluations of the implementation of the National Youth Strategy have been conducted. The evaluation was for the implementation period 2015-2017.
The evaluation showed that within the specific goal “provided continuous support to the creativity of young people and youth participation in the creation and consumption of cultural programmes” most of the planned activities were successfully realized, while with the expected result two, according to the data, the planned activities were not realized.
Within the second specific goal "Increased use of cultural content among young people" more than half of the planned activities were successfully implemented.
The Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development will be responsible for evaluation and monitoring of the Smart Specialization Strategy. It will be in charge of submitting annual reports to the Government on the results of the implementation of the Action Plan. The first monitoring report is planned at the beginning of 2021. Interim evaluation will be conducted by the expert body in 2023 to harmonize the evaluation cycle with the EU Member States.