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There is no coherent strategy on creativity and culture for young people.
The last valid national strategy in the field of culture, was the Resolution on the 2014-2017 National Programme for Culture (Resolucija o nacionalnem programu za kulturo 2014–2017). This was the strategic instrument of cultural policy development planning. However, the programme did not specifically address creativity and culture for young people; it was, rather, a general strategy in the field of culture. Some measures also included youth, but with specific regard to creativity and culture, none of the measures was intended for them. The encouragement of the participation and education of youth is mentioned in the topic of education and training in culture. The new programme for culture (2020–2027) is in preparation, the draft is to be presented by the end of 2020.
The National Programme for Youth 2013–2022 (Resolucija o Nacionalnem programu za mladino 2013-2022) was adopted in 2013. This programme has a special section on culture, creativity, heritage and media, and it stresses the importance of “systematic cultural education and importance for culture to be present at all school levels and throughout the educational process, as well as to be accessible to children and youth public cultural infrastructure”. However, systematic measures still have only an indirect effect on the culture and creativity of young people. Young people also apply for the same funds as other players, but they often come from a worse starting position, because they lack adequate skills and competences in obtaining public funds. The programme defines individual systematic measures directly targeting young people; thus, they are not deprived of the possibility of obtaining public funds for activities because of their lack of knowledge and competences (the youth sector is mainly financed through public invitations and calls).
The National Programme for Youth 2013–2022 (Resolucija o Nacionalnem programu za mladino 2013–2022) addresses the following relevant priority measures (and their indicators).
Objective: Concern for the availability of high-quality cultural services and the participation of young people in culture
- To provide conditions for strengthening the participation of young people in culture. Indicators: increasing the share of quality programmes and projects which actively involve young people; increasing the proportion of programmes and projects prepared by young people (either students, employees, freelance cultural workers or volunteers).
- To provide young people with the conditions for better access to cultural heritage and their active involvement in heritage projects. Indicators: the number of projects carried out, including the active participation of young people of all ages and from different social backgrounds in learning and protecting cultural heritage; the inclusion of different areas of fixed, movable and live heritage in curricula (within compulsory subjects/elective subjects/extracurricular activities).
- To provide the conditions for greater accessibility of active cultural creativity for young people in terms of continuous forms of non-formal education for various artistic fields. Indicator: the number of new quality continuous forms of education (number of new areas).
- To provide spatial and technical conditions for the artistic creation of young people (infrastructure, etc.), for becoming acquainted with and dealing with heritage. Indicators: an increase in the number of appropriately landscaped spaces in which young people can create or engage in artistic activities; better geographical coverage with MMC and other appropriately regulated spaces for young people.
- For the youth of indigenous national communities, the Roma community, communities from the Declaration of the Republic of Slovenia on the status of the national communities of the former SFRY members in the Republic of Slovenia and other minority communities and other vulnerable groups, ensure the accessibility of culture, their active and creative role in the development of their culture, their equal participation in cultural life and at the same time, quality integration. Indicator: the number of cultural projects involving (or intended for) young people from autochthonous national communities, the Roma community, communities from the Declaration and other minority communities and other vulnerable groups.
Objective: Concern for literacy in Slovene, other mother tongues and foreign languages, and media literacy
- Development of reading literacy. Indicators: improving international literacy research results and the results of national literacy examinations (graduation in high school).
- Promotion of reading and the planned development of reading culture. Indicator: participation of young people in projects of reading culture – reading badge, Cankar competition and other reading projects (family literacy, etc.).
- The development and promotion of media literacy and the preparation of an action plan for media literacy. Indicators: designing the starting points for the adoption of measures for the development and promotion of media literacy; the implementation of starting points; the introduction of media literacy in elementary and secondary education and the creation of programmes for lifelong education in the field of media literacy.
- Professional training of professionals in education in the field of reading and media literacy and in the field of innovative approaches to education and art education, and support of research in this field at the national level. Indicator: the amount of research in this field.
Objective: Culture and creativity are recognised in the society as the cornerstone of the general education of each individual
- Cultural and arts education gets an appropriate place in the entire educational system. Indicator: the inclusion of different fields of art and cultural heritage in curricula (compulsory/elective subjects).
Several authorities were responsible for the implementation of the National Programme for Culture 2014–2017 (Nacionalni program za kulturo 2014–2017).
The Ministry of Culture cooperated with the local communities and authorities to increase the accessibility of quality theatre and visual arts production.
The Ministry of Culture was responsible for improvement of organisation of the ballet profession and for archived Slovenian ballet heritage.
The Ministry of Culture cooperated with the Ministry of Economic Development and Technology, the Slovenian Intellectual Property Office, the Office of Republic of Slovenia for Youth, collective organisations for management of copyright and related rights, public institutions in the field of music and ballet art and Radio-television Slovenia in order to improve the position of musicians and ballet dancers.
The Ministry of Culture cooperated with the the Public fund of the Republic of Slovenia for Cultural Activities and the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport in order to reach realisation of at least 100 interdepartmental development project, which promoted amateur culture as an important factor in the creation of a creative society.
The Ministry of Culture cooperated with the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport, local communities and authorities and the Slovenian National Commission of UNESCO (Slovenska nacionalna komisija za UNESCO) with the aim to establish a coherent cultural-artistic education system, based on quality cultural production.
The Ministry of Culture cooperated with the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport, the Slovenian Film Centre, the Slovenian Cinematheque and local communities and authorities to provide children and young people a film education programme at the Slovenian Art Cinema Association or in the Slovenian Cineatheque within the framework of formal education at least once a year.
The Ministry of Culture cooperated with the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport to provide cultural and educational concert cycles for the student population.
The Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport and the Slovenian National Commission of UNESCO (Slovenska nacionalna komisija za UNESCO) cooperated in order to reach a goal of active participation of a quarter of Slovenian educational institutions in the national intersectoral project Cultural Heritage Week.
The Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport, the Ministry of Economic Development and Technology, the Ministry of Infrastructure, local communities and authorities and the National Education Institute Slovenia cooperated with the aim to provide quality education on architecture to children and young people, including design, landscape architecture, urban planning and spacial culture.
The Ministry of Culture cooperated with the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport, the Ministry of Economic Development and Technology and the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities to provide better self-employment and employment opportunities in all areas of culture, with the emphasis on young creators.
For the authority responsible for the National Programme for Youth 2013–2022 (Resolucija o Nacionalnem programu za mladino 2013-2022), see Chapter 8.2 – Cross-sectorial cooperation.
A Resolution on the 2018–2025 National Programme for Culture was in preparation but was never adopted. Thus, Slovenia is currently without a valid strategic document in the field of culture.