8.3 National strategy on creativity and culture for young people
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Strategy on culture
There is no national strategy for creativity and culture for young people. The most relevant documents regarding cultural policies of the government are the 'cultural law' (Act CXL of 1997 - for more information see sub-chapter 8.1 General context) which has been significantly modified in 2017 to express the policies related to the concept of basic cultural care (see above) and the 2009 policy document ('Minőség a kultúrában') of Fidesz on culture. The latter lists the tasks of the state, which includes
- raising and maintaining the need for culture, especially among children and youth;
- the art education in and outside formal school system; and
- the education of culture, especially to those who otherwise would not have the opportunity.
The Hungarian Strategy of Popular Music
In 2020, the Hungarian Strategy of Popular Music (Magyar Könnyűzenei Stratégia) was launched for a period of 5 years with a budget (költségvetés) of HUF 25 billion (EUR 70.7 million) and is administered by the Ministerial Commissioner Responsible for the Renewal of Hungarian Popular Music.
As stated before, there is no strategy for creativity and culture. However, elements and directions of planning the creativity and the culture of young people can be found in some primary strategical documents.
The National Youth Strategy
The National Youth Strategy 2009-2024 (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2009-2024), under the specific objective of 'Empowering youth age groups and their communities', lists 'Creation of cultural values, culture mediation' as a sub-chapter.
The partial objectives are to
'improve the quality of cultural consumption and participation in culture; reduce regional inequalities; improve access to info-communication; enhance success and cooperation in an intercultural environment'.
The specific partial objectives are the following:
- facilitating access to cultural values,
- developing the relationship between the culture mediating institutional system and the age group, and
- encouraging intercultural experience.
The Programme for the Future of the New Generation
The Programme for the Future Of The New Generation (Új Nemzedék Jövőjéért Program) declares
- leisure time,
- entertainment and
- culture consumption, as the main areas of intervention.
One of the problems, addressed by the document, is related to the high prices of high culture consumption and the unintegrated nature of youth discounts. The proposed solution's aim is to make culture accessible to all young people. Discounts for entering cultural institutions already exist, but the common framework is being created through the National Unified Card System (Nemzeti Egységes Kártyarendszer). Currently, student cards (and parking cards) are in the system, but an extension is foreseen in the near future.
The Hungarian Strategy on Popular Music
The Hungarian Strategy of Popular Music (Magyar Könnyűzenei Stratégia) states that
'from the point of view of national culture, the quality of popular music that young people listen to and their understanding of what they hear is not at all irrelevant'.
Thus a state recognition and popularisation of quality popular music is needed with a special emphasis on creating state recognised and supported popular music education
'which would cover everything from the choice of instruments in childhood, through the music school system and the teaching of popular music in public schools, or the higher education institutions'.
Strategy on Sustainable Development
The Strategy on Sustainable Development for the period 2012-2024 [Resolution 18/2013. (III. 28.) of the Parliament on the National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development] [18/2013. (III. 28.) OGY határozat a Nemzeti Fenntartható Fejlődés Keretstratégiáról] addresses the role of culture among the goals related to social resources. The strategy targets the whole population in general but some of its goals mention young people. The goal of 'Maintaining the heritage of the past, developing cultural services' states that
'it is necessary to strengthen social cohesion, to reproduce trust, to maintain operational community networks, to enhance values related to sustainability, to revive cultural traditions, to appreciate cultural diversity, to preserve intellectual, material and built heritage as well as to promote its values and sustainable use.'
Among the tasks of the national and local governments, the objective of developing human resources is connected to culture. The goal related to this states that the development
'is possible not only in educational institutions but as well as in other cultural institutions – such as public collections and community cultural centres. These institutions, with the right amount of financing, may launch programmes that can attract a large volume of the population. Participants can acquire new knowledge, familiarise themselves with the opportunities provided by the institutions and may develop their social relations. It is recommended to improve the cooperation of educational, training and cultural institutions, in order to develop the core competencies of the Hungarian population.' [Resolution 18/2013. (III. 28.) of the Parliament]
The Framework Strategy of Lifelong Learning Policy for 2014-2020
The Framework Strategy of Lifelong Learning Policy for 2014-2020 (Az egész életen át tartó tanulás szakpolitikájának keretstratégiája a 2014/2020 közötti időszakra) referred to the role of cultural institutions connected to social cohesion and learning outside the school contexts. The comprehensive aim of 'increasing access to and participation in lifelong learning' had its specific aim of
- increasing non-formal, informal and flexible learning opportunities,
- supporting and developing workplace learning.
One of the directions of intervention and development under this aim is the development of non-formal and informal learning through the cultural institutional system.
'The youth-related tasks of cultural institutions related to lifelong learning are training for access or return to formal education; supporting further education and training paths from primary school to the secondary school final exam; development of basic competences to support entering and returning to the labour market; extension of non-formal and informal training forms and services (e.g. distance education, e-learning); reducing functional illiteracy; starting thematic educational and development programmes aimed at the development of language competences; acquisition of communication skills in the mother tongue; learning to learn and empowerment to civic competence, cultural expressivity and application of scientific explanations […].' [Framework Strategy of Lifelong Learning Policy for 2014-2020 (Az egész életen át tartó tanulás szakpolitikájának keretstratégiája a 2014/2020 közötti időszakra)]
The Strategy had its timeframe till 2020, but new strategic documents have not yet been published in this field. (For more information see sub-chapter 8.9 Enhancing social inclusion through culture.)
As mentioned above, there is no national strategy related to creativity and culture. The objectives and partial objectives related to cultural consumption of young people are assigned to the Minister Responsible for Culture. Programmes related to youth policy were administered by the State Secretariat for Family and Youth Affairs, and the Department of Youth of the Ministry of Human Capacities (Emberi Erőforrások Minisztériuma) until 2020. After that, the youth-related programmes have belonged to the Minister without Portfolio Responsible for Families. As of 1 January 2022 the Minister heading the Prime Minister's Office (Miniszterelnökséget vezető miniszter) took over the tasks related to youth policy. Objectives related to community culture are mainly administered by the State Secretariat for Culture (Kultúráért Felelős Államtitkárság).
There is no national strategy for creativity and culture.