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Legal/policy framework for the functioning and development of youth organisations
In Croatia, there is no law on youth (organizations), therefore there is no legal definition of a youth organization. Nevertheless, the National Strategy for Youth 2014-2017 distinguishes two types of organizations – youth organizations and organizations for young people. While the former category refers to civil society organizations led by young people (people under the age of 30 in managerial positions), the later refers to all civil society organizations with activities partially or totally oriented towards young people.
The Law on Associations elaborates on the constitutional right to citizens’ associations, defining them as all forms of free and voluntary partnership of persons, or legal entities, for the purposes of protection of their benefits or the promotion of human rights protection and freedom, ecological, humanitarian, informational, cultural, national, pro-natal, educational, social, vocational, sports, technical, health, scientific or other beliefs and aims, with no intention of profit-making. Young people and their active participation are mentioned in the body of the text as one of examples of working for the public good. According to the Ordinance on the content and on the means of conducting the Register of Associations (Pravilnik o sadržaju i načinu vođenja registra udruga Republike Hrvatske i registra stranih udruga u Republici Hrvatskoj, NN 4/2015), each organization has to be categorized by its form, scope and target group. Therefore, CSOs can define themselves as working with or for young people as a specific target group.
Youth organizations participate in the Youth Council, as explained in the section 5.3.
The Croatian government has also established a Council for the implementation of the Youth Guarantee where youth civil society organizations have their representatives.
Public financial support
At the end of each year, the Government of the Republic of Croatia drafts a proposal for the state budget for the next year which is discussed at the Croatian Parliament. Once the Croatian Parliament adopts the state budget, the Croatian Government can use it. The state budget contains a line of the ministry responsible for youth and a budget item relating to the implementation of youth policy.
Other ministries responsible for the implementation of certain measures from the National Youth Programme do not have special line items for the implementation of these measures, but the funds are in budgetary positions that are specific to their competence.
Financial resources for the implementation of the National Youth Programme come not only from the state budget but also those provided on the basis of the decree on the criteria for defining beneficiaries and ways of allocation of a portion of proceeds from the state lottery funds.
Details on public funding schemes through which youth organisations receive financial support are described in Chapter 1.7 Funding youth policy.
Initiatives to increase the diversity of participants
Usually, the National Youth Programme targets some specific groups such as unemployed young people, young people at risk of social exclusion, and youth and for-youth associations, but there is no available information since the last programme expired in 2017..