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EACEA National Policies Platform


3. Employment & Entrepreneurship

3.9 Start-up funding for young entrepreneurs

Last update: 27 March 2024
On this page
  1. Policy framework
  2. Formal learning
  3. Non-formal and informal learning
  4. Educators support in entrepreneurship education

Policy framework

The Strategy for the Development of Entrepreneurship 2013-2020 identifies young people as a specific target group. Based on the latest available data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor in 2022, the percentage of youth (aged 18-34) engaged in entrepreneurial activities for the European Union was 45.0%. In 2022, the Republic of Croatia recorded 50.4% entrepreneurial activity among young people aged 18-34, as measured by the Total Entrepreneurial Activity Index (TEA). One of the goals of the Strategy refers to the development of entrepreneurship competence. However, its sole focus lies in supporting the development of small businesses. This involves strengthening their management, increasing the number of highly qualified employees, and promoting life-long learning opportunities for small businesses employees. Croatia had an entrepreneurial learning strategy in place from 2010 to 2014, but it was not renewed thereafter. Another relevant strategy is the Strategy for the Development of Women`s Entrepreneurship 2014-2020. This strategy aims to promote entrepreneurship among women and reduce the gender gap. The first strategic goal of the ‘Competitive and Innovative Economy’ incorporates entrepreneurship, but it lacks a distinct emphasis on youth entrepreneurship.

The new strategic goals for Croatia until 2030 are outlined in the National Development Strategy 2030


Formal learning

Education for Entrepreneurship is addressed in the Decision on Adopting a Curriculum for the Cross-curriculum Subject of Entrepreneurship for Primary and Secondary Schools in the Republic of Croatia, dated 2019.

The entrepreneurship curriculum for primary and secondary schools aims to teach this cross-curricular topic by developing entrepreneurial competence. This involves acquiring entrepreneurial knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for preparing for and participating in the world of work. The curriculum encompasses an understanding of the fundamental economic process (idea - planning - realisation - creation of new value) without exclusive focus on starting one's own business. It teaches responsible action in all aspects of working life, regardless of career choice. Entrepreneurship education was developed by the Ministry of Science and Education.


Non-formal and informal learning

In Croatia, there are no non-formal and informal entrepreneurship learning programmes led or financed by public institutions.


Educators support in entrepreneurship education

Continuing professional development (CPD) is available for all teachers in primary and secondary education, including school-based Initial vocational education and training (IVET). Starting from school year 2014/15, the Education and Teacher Training Agency initiated a series of CPD seminars and workshops for school staff (school heads, teachers, and others), focusing on entrepreneurship education. These activities are financed from the regular funds allocated for general CPD activities conducted by ETTA, as mentioned in the Entrepreneurship Education at School in Europe report by the Eurydice.