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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Croatia

Croatia

9. Youth and the World

9.1 General context

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  1. Main concepts
  2. Youth interest in global issues

Main concepts

Young people in Croatia participate in policy making processes regarding global issues on an advisory level and their participation was foreseen by the last valid National Youth Programme 2014 – 2017 for the Republic of Croatia.

The “Youth and the world” area of the EU Youth Strategy 2010 – 2018 was based on EU member states cooperating by the Open method of coordination, structured dialogue with the youth, drawing up reports on youth issues on the EU level, youth work participation, and other similar methods. Some of these methods were recognized in areas of the last National Youth Programme 2014 - 2017.

The area “Youth in the European and global context” of the National Youth Programme 2014 - 2017 was focused on the priorities:

  • drawing up youth policies modelled on the policies of the EU, the Council of Europe and the UN
  • youth participation in the decision-making processes on the level of the EU, the Council of Europe and the UN
  • stimulating youth mobility on both the national and global levels

 

The new National Youth Programme 2022 -2024 is being drafted and there is no information will it include youth in the European and global context.

Young people`s participation on policy making about global issues on an advisory level is fulfilled by The Youth Council of the Government of Croatia (Savjet za mlade Vlade Republike Hrvatske). The Youth Council of the Government of Croatia, among other duties, gives recommendations for the development of policies for youth and the involvement of young people at the local, regional, national and international levels in the implementation of these policies.

The National Development Strategy 2030 of the Republic of Croatia, which is the national strategic action plan for the period 2018 to 2030, does not foresee participation of young people from Croatia in the global context.

The Central State Office for Demography and Youth (Središnji državni ured za demografiju i mlade), the state body, is competent for youth from 2020. The Central State Office for Demography and Youth is in charge of considering young people and young people`s opinion in the processes of establishing cooperation between policy makers and young people, such is the monitoring the EU Youth Dialogue in Croatia (Dijalog EU-a s mladima). 

 

Youth Interest in global issues

Available and relevant national studies in Croatia provide insight in youth values and attitudes, mostly about the European Union. In the paper “Youth and politics: (dis)continuity trends” from 2017 (Ilišin, Vlasta i Spajić Vrkaš, Vedrana, 2017, Mladi i politika: trendovi (dis)kontinuiteta u Generacija osujećenih – Mladi u Hrvatskoj na početku 21. stoljeća, Zagreb: Institut za društvena istraživanja, str. 185-259), the comparative presentation of the general attitude towards the EU shows that 23.2% of young people have a positive attitude, 47.9% have a neutral attitude, and 13.9% have a negative attitude.

Regarding to the opinion of young people in Croatia towards the EU and what EU means for them, most of young people “agrees” and “completely agrees” (on a five-point scale) that on the first place of their importance is the freedom of movement with 63.7%. Every other young person, exactly 49.1% of them, puts better protection of citizen's rights in second place. The following elements that are estimated on EU significance are the following values: numerous job openings and unemployment fighting (44.6%), better future for young generations (41.9%), better protection of workers` rights (39.0%).

Their perception of positive outcomes of Croatia's accession to the EU in 2013 is the range of expectations that includes economic, political and cultural dimensions. The first place of the positive outcomes is increased options for travel and making friends (86.0%), while better and more equal education (81.8%) and better familiarization of other nations` cultures and religions (80.5%) are the second and third most common expectation. Exactly 78.1% of young people that participated in the study placed better employment possibilities as the fourth most expected positive outcome of Croatia's accession to the EU.

Croatian youth attitudes regarding issues on European level are further more focused on greater economic development (77.4%), quicker democratic of society (73.4%) and better human rights and minorities protection (72.0%).