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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Croatia

Croatia

5. Participation

5.3 Youth representation bodies

On this page
  1. Youth parliament
  2. Youth councils and/or youth advisory boards
  3. Higher education student union(s)
  4. School student union(s)
  5. Other bodies

 

Youth parliament

In Croatia, a National Youth Parliament does not exist.

Youth councils and/or youth advisory boards

In 2003, the Croatian government founded the first Advisory Board for Youth of Government of the Republic of Croatia (Savjet za mlade Vlade Republike Hrvatske). The last composition of the Advisory Board for Youth of Government of the Republic of Croatia was elected in 2018 and its mandate ended in May 2020. The process of electing a new Advisory Board for Youth of the Government of the Republic of Croatia is currently happening.

 

The Advisory Board has 33 members, representatives of state administration bodies and offices of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, the Association of Cities of the Republic of Croatia, the Croatian Municipality Association and the Croatian County Association, representatives of scientific and educational institutions and representatives of the Croatian Students’ Council and representatives of the National Student Council of the Republic of Croatia. It is also important to point out that the number of representatives of youth associations and youth associations has increased in order to enable them to make a significant contribution to the work of the Council. For the first time, a member of the Youth Council is also a representative of the Office of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Croatia, as well as a young Croatian delegate to the United Nations.

 

The Advisory Board for Youth has a task to supervise and develop national youth policies. According to the decision of the Croatian government, the mandate lasts for three years and the president of the Council is a youth organizations’ representative. The idea behind this council is co-management idea of Council of Europe. The Central State Office for Demography and Youth coordinates the work of the council.

The purpose of the Act on Youth Advisory Boards (Zakon o savjetima mladih, NN 41/14) is to enhance the participation of young people in public affairs of their interest, active engagement of young people in public life, and their informed participation at the local level in Croatia. Hence, the primary role of youth advisory boards is counselling local and regional representative bodies on issues of interest to youth. The implementation of the YAB is the responsibility of local and regional self-administration. This entity within the regional/ local representative body of local authorities is responsible for the preparation of acts and decisions of the assembly or the council relating to young people (e.g. drafting of local youth programme).

According to the latest annual report on the implementation of the Act on Youth Advisory Boards for 2019, despite legal provision, only 124 (22%) of all local and regional self-administration units formed youth advisory boards. 96 boards were active (in 16 counties, 49 cities, and 31 municipalities), while 28 remained inactive.

 

Higher education student union(s)

According to the Act on Students' Council and Other Students Organizations (Zakon o studentskom zboru i drugim studentskim organizacijama, NN 71/07),  Students' Council is a student representative body which protects students’ interests, participates in the decision-making process within university bodies, and represents students in higher education structures. All universities, universities of applied sciences must have Students' Council, which all together form Croatian Students' Council (CSC).

Croatian Students' Council (CSC) is an umbrella organisation of all Croatian students that aims to meet the interests of more than 200,000 students of Croatian faculties, academies, as well as professional and vocational colleges. It was established in 1996 and is recognised by the Ministry of Education and Science, as the major student organisation in Croatia. It is considered as a ministry’s partner in the fields of the reform of higher education and the improvement of the student welfare, educational policies and student participation in the decision-making process. CSC became a full member of the European Student Association in 2001. In addition, CSC is one of the founders of the network of student unions from the South-East Europe (SEI – South-East Initiatives) and a member of MedNet – Mediterranean Network of Student Representatives.

Student representatives (student councils’ members) are elected in student elections where every student can cast a vote and be elected. The higher education student union is financed from the budget of the university budget.

 

 

 

 

School student union(s)

Student school councils are defined by the Act on primary and secondary school education (Zakon o odgoju i obrazovanju u osnovnoj i srednjoj školi, NN 87/08, 86/09, 92/10, 105/10, 90/11, 5/12, 16/12, 86/12, 126/12, 94/13, 152/14, 07/17, 68/18, 98/19). According to the act, each primary and secondary school should have a student council and the representative of the student council participated in school bodies but without the decision-making rights. Primary and Secondary Student councils - students are encouraged at school, city, county and national levels to show their interest, to resolve problems through participating in a real school or community life with the support of teachers, parents, local community authorities and national school authorities. They are legally organized through:

•           Students' county councils

•           Students' city councils

•           National students' council of the Republic of Croatia

 

Other bodies

No documents suggest that other bodies exist in Croatia.