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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Croatia

Croatia

6. Education and Training

In 2019, Croatia had 3% of early leavers from education and training among young people (aged 18-24), which is the lowest percentage in the EU.

In 2019in comparison to the EU, Croatia had a lower percentage of young people aged 15-29 that completed level of education ISCED 0-2, higher percentage when it comes to ISCED 3-4, and lower percentage again when it comes to ISCED 5-8.

 The levels of participation of young people aged 15-29 in non-formal education in 2019 were significantly lower in Croatia (2.2%) compared to the EU average (12.1%).

The Croatian Qualifications Framework Act (Zakon o Hrvatskom kvalifikacijskom okviru, NN NN 22/13, 41/16, 64/18, 47/20) defines main concepts linked with education and learning and the following levels are recognized: formal learning, non-formal learning, informal learning and lifelong learning.

The Ministry of Science and Education (Ministarstvo znanosti i obrazovanja) along with competent departments - Department for education and care, and Department for higher education (Uprava za odgoj i obrazovanje i Uprava za visoko obrazovanje) - are in charge of administrative and other responsibilities in the system of primary and secondary education, development of education, and development of higher education.

Education and Teacher Training Agency (Agencija za odgoj i obrazovanje) performs professional and advisory services in education and care, participating in monitoring, advancement, and development of education and care for the sectors of primary and secondary education.

The Central State Office for Demography and Youth (Središnji državni ured za demografiju i mlade) is the other important governmental body that creates youth public policies in the field of non-formal education.

Croatia does not have a specific strategy for preventing ELET, however there are strategies which deal with the issue of early leaving from education and training, such as: The Strategy of Education, Science and Technology, The Strategy for Lifelong Guidance and Career Development in the Republic of Croatia 2016-2020, and The Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan (Plan implementacije Garancije za mlade za razdoblje od 2019. do 2020. godine).

The Croatian Qualifications Framework Act (Zakon o Hrvatskom kvalifikacijskom okviru, NN NN 22/13, 41/16, 64/18, 47/20) defines non-formal and informal learning and envisions the development of a system to recognize and evaluate non-formal and informal learning, however, from the adoption of the Act to the December 2020 the Ordinance on recognition and validation of non-formal and informal learning, which was supposed to regulate its implementation, has not been adopted. The Agency for Science and Higher Education has published Guidelines and procedures for recognition and validation of non-formal and informal learning (Smjernice i postupci za priznavanje i vrednovanje neformalnog i informalnog učenje (RPL), istraživanja potreba tržišta rada te razvoj i vrednovanje ishoda učenja u visokom obrazovanju) that describes the procedure for recognition (although there is not yet an official procedure or the Ordinance prescribing it).

In the Strategy of Education, Science and Technology one of the goals in the field of education is the internationalization of education. The Agency for Mobility and EU Programmes Act (Zakon o Agenciji za mobilnost i programe Europske unije, NN 121/17) gave the Agency the responsibility of managing the mobility programmes of the European Union.

While there is no strategy for youth concerning media literacy and safe use of new media, both the primary school curriculum and the secondary schools curricula (nastavni planovi i programi za gimnazije i strukovne škole) have materials dealing with media literacy included in the Croatian language classes.