3.8 Development of entrepreneurship competence
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As of now, Croatia does not have an active learning strategy specifically for entrepreneurship. However, certain components of the Strategy for Entrepreneurial Learning 2010-2014 are still being implemented, according to the information from the Ministry of Education and Science. At the time of writing this report, there was no plan to develop a new strategy.
The Action Plan for the period 2010-2014 contained 10 measures:
- foster a positive attitude and raise public awareness about entrepreneurship
- heighten interest in entrepreneurship training
- incorporate entrepreneurial learning and training into all development policies and programmes
- include entrepreneurship as one of the key competences in all educational curricula
- enhance the capacity of educational institutions to implement entrepreneurship education
- enhance the competences of educators, teachers, and trainers for entrepreneurship education
- strengthen the cooperation and networking of educational institutions, scientific-research, and business entities on programmes
- develop additional entrepreneurship programmes and enhance the content of professional entrepreneurial competencies in both formal and non-formal education and teaching
- enhance the entrepreneurial competence of all employees
- increase the number of successful small businesses
Education for entrepreneurship is addressed in the National Framework Curriculum adopted in 2010. The National Framework Curriculum designates entrepreneurial learning as a cross-curricular theme in both primary and secondary education. However, there is currently no developed curriculum to implement this component. Several schools have recognised the need to foster entrepreneurial attitudes in students and have independently developed entrepreneurship-focused learning through extracurricular programmes.
Entrepreneurship education was promoted by the South East European Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning (SEECEL). Based in Zagreb, its primary goal was to establish strategic cooperation among the seven Western Balkan countries and Turkey.
In Croatia, there are no non-formal and informal entrepreneurship learning programmes led or financed by public institutions.
Croatia presently lacks an entrepreneurial learning strategy or curriculum to facilitate the integration of entrepreneurial education into the education system. Moreover, there is no support system for teachers involved in entrepreneurship education.