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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Republic of North Macedonia

Republic of North Macedonia

5. Participation

5.5 National strategy to increase youth participation

On this page
  1. Existence of a national strategy to increase young people's political and civil society participation
  2. Scope and contents
  3. Responsible authority for the implementation of the strategy
  4. Monitoring and evaluation
  5. Revisions/ Updates

Existence of a national strategy to increase young people's political and civil society participation

In Republic of North Macedonia, there is a National Youth Strategy 2016-2025, where one of the nine thematic areas is Youth Participation. The document had a wide consultation process authentic for South East Europe and provided inclusion of a large number of young people. It was adopted in January, 2016. 

In January 2020, the Law on Youth Participation and Youth Policies was adopted. (Закон за младинско учество и младински политики) The aims of the law are:

1) creating and implementing youth policy at all levels through multisectoral approach, starting from the needs and interests of young people;

2) strengthening the participation of young people in the youth related policy-making processes, active information, promotion and protection of the interests of young people, as well as strengthening awareness of the importance of young people and their social role;

3) promoting intergenerational partnerships to support youth participation in the decision-making and policy-making process;

4) support and promotion of youth organization;

5) encouraging structural dialogue at national and local level;

6) encouraging volunteering, youth activism and youth work and

7) encouraging personal, professional and social development of young people.

According to the same law, National Youth Strategy is a strategic document that sets out medium-term goals and priorities for the development of youth policies and the promotion of the interests of young people and determines organizational, financial and administrative measures for their realization. The Law also underlines that the National Youth Strategy is developed by the Agency for Youth and Sport throughout consultative, inclusive and transparent process and after previously obtained opinion from youth advisory body and submits it to the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia.

Currently, the National Youth Council of Macedonia (a network of 52 organizations that work in the field of youth and the biggest representative body of the young people in the country) is developing the Youth Strategy of the City of Skopje for the period 2021-2025. One of the goals of the Strategy is: “Encouraging young people to actively participate in society through affirmation and support of youth activities, youth work and non-formal education in the area of the city of Skopje.”[1]

In order to address the authentic needs of the Skopje youth, the process of development of the strategy is widely inclusive and features numerous consultative meetings with youth organizations, youth organizations, youth wings and others citizens' associations; consultations with representatives of the municipalities of the City Skopje as well as focus groups with individual youth.

The Strategy is expected to be finalized by the end of 2020. The City of Skopje has already developed and implemented Youth Strategy for the period 2014-2018 (СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА МЛАДИ НА ГРАД СКОПЈЕ 2014 – 2018)

Scope and contents

The National Youth Strategy is targeting nine thematic areas: youth participation; youth information; local youth work; education; employment and pre-employment support; culture; sports; health; quality of life. The strategy aims with its interventions on national level and plans particular attention to vulnerable categories of young people (unemployed, NEET, low level of education, young people with geographical and financial obstacles).

As stated in the strategy the Vision is that in 2025; “The key challenges in the area of youth participation are related to the opinion of young people that they are only partially involved in policy creation and that they are more involved in helping their peers and friends with school assignments than in volunteer work for non-governmental organizations. Those young people who are members of civil society organizations consider that only a small percentage of young people are members of any organization and that a significant percentage are not interested in politics at all.”[1]

The law on Youth Participation and Youth policies regulated few bodies that are intended to increase the youth participation in the policy-making processes such as: National Assembly of Youth; National Advisory Body for Youth policies; Local Assembly of Youth and Local Youth Councils.

Strategic Priorities of the National Youth Strategy 2016-2025 are:

1. Providing a better standard of living and equal opportunities for a decent life; 2. Creating conditions for effective observance and protection of fundamental rights and freedoms, and systematic integration and interaction of different categories of young people; 3. Creating opportunities for the involvement of young people in the monitoring and implementation of policies and decisions that affect them; 4. Equal access to quality education and other forms of personal and professional development.

Each thematic area contains objectives that should be achieved with specific measures nationwide.

The Strategy is targeting all young people aged 15-29, but is also emphasizing the importance of promotion of youth activism to young people with fewer opportunities.[2]

 


[1] National Youth Strategy 2016-2025, Agency of Youth and Sport (January, 2016), p. 13 http://ams.gov.mk/images/dokumenti/mladi/National_Youth_Strategy_2016-2025_eng.pdf (Accessed December 14, 2018)

[2] National Youth Strategy 2016-2025, Agency of Youth and Sport (January, 2016), p. 13 http://ams.gov.mk/images/dokumenti/mladi/National_Youth_Strategy_2016-2025_eng.pdf (Accessed December 14, 2018)

Responsible authority for the implementation of the strategy

As main responsible authority is the government as a whole and specifically the Agency of Youth and Sport. The main coordination is in the hands of the Agency of Youth and Sport, also responsible for monitoring of the implementation.

Monitoring and evaluation

Within the Strategy there is also monitoring plan which strives to provide: Monitoring and assessment of the implementation of the planned activities and the initial outputs to which they contribute; Monitoring and assessing the effects of achieving the sets of results within the thematic areas; Assessment of the overall impact of the Strategy according to the established strategic priorities. There are no monitoring reports publicly available currently, and it is in the 4nd year of implementation. The National Youth Strategy will have impact assessment after the 5 years of implementation and final impact assessment within six months of the expiry in the 10-year period.[1]


[1] See more: National Youth Strategy 2016-2025, Agency of Youth and Sport (January, 2016), p. 39 http://ams.gov.mk/images/dokumenti/mladi/National_Youth_Strategy_2016-2025_eng.pdf (Accessed December 14, 2018)

Revisions/Updates

According to information received from the Agency of Youth and Sport (upon prior request for free access to public information by NYCM), during 2018 AYS held a series of consultative meetings with civil society organizations. In November 2019 there were 6 working groups, working on preparation of the new Action Plan 2020 for the National Youth Strategy. As of the start of December 2020, the Action Plan has not been published yet.