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Hungary

Hungary

5. Participation

5.5 National strategy to increase youth participation

On this page
  1. Existence of a national strategy to increase young people's political and civil society participation
  2. Scope and contents
  3. Responsible authority for the implementation of the strategy
  4. Revisions/ Updates

Existence of a national strategy to increase young people's political and civil society participation

 

Promoting youth participation is an aim that is reflected in several documents and action plans, but this issue is not tackled in an individual strategy.

Currently, there are 3 official documents, which have guidelines to increase young people's political and civil society participation:

  1. National Youth Strategy 2009-2024 (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2009-2024)
  2. Action plan for 2016-2017 of the National Youth Strategy (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2016-2017-re vonatkozó Cselekvési Terve)
  3. Programme for the Future of the New Generation 2012 (Új Nemzedék Jövőjéért Program 2012)

 

 National Youth Strategy 2009-2024National Youth Strategy – Action PlansProgramme for the Future of New Generation (UNJP)
Type of official document within the national legislation systemParliament ResolutionGovernment ResolutionGovernment Resolution
Date of launch and applicable period2009-20242010-2011 2012-2013 2014-2015 2016-2017From 2012

References of the legal document

(in English)

Parliament Resolution 88/2009. (X. 29.) OGY on the National Youth Strategy

Action Plan 2016-2017:

Government Resolution No. 1535/2016 (X. 13) Korm. on the Action Plan for 2016-2017 of the National Youth Strategy)
Government Resolution No. 1494/2011 (XII. 27) Korm. on the Approvement of the Programme for the Future of New Generation, the youth programme of the Government

References of the legal document

(in Hungarian)

88/2009. (X. 29.) OGY határozat a Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégiáról2016-2017-es CST: 1535/2016. (X. 13.) Korm. határozat a Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2016-2017. évekre vonatkozó cselekvési tervéről1494/2011. (XII. 27.) Korm. határozat Az Új Nemzedék Jövőjéért Program, a Kormány ifjúságpolitikai keretprogramjának elfogadásáról

 

 

The National Youth Strategy (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2009-2024)

There had been an extensive professional reconciliation (among governmental and non-governmental stakeholders – involving the representatives of NGOs and youth experts) before the National Youth Strategy was developed, it was thoroughly prepared.

The Parlament has adopted National Youth Strategy 2009-2024 [Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2009-2024 (hereinafter referred to as NYS)] as a resolution [Parliament Resolution 88/2009. (X. 29.) OGY on the National Youth Strategy (88/2009. (X. 29.) OGY határozat a Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégiáról)].

As a core document, this strategy determines the main directions for improvement. It gives long term directions for the improvement of living conditions of youth to all the stakeholders of the field in order to plan, to organise. Taking into the variable conditions, it defines broad directions. 

The action plans of the National Youth Strategy define concrete actions related to its 3 main pillars:

  1. Improving the social and political context of successful social integration of youth age groups;
  2. Empowering youth age groups and their communities;
  3. Promoting youth work and non-governmental youth organisations.

The NYS is based on a broad consensus of 

  1. the parliament, 
  2. the parties, 
  3. the experts and 
  4. NGOs. (See more in sub-chapter: 1.3 National Youth Strategy.)

It states and accepts as a principle that youth participation should be enhanced. The strategy defines the main directions in improvement, and in order to support the implementation of that. Action plans are defined for periods of 2 years concerning

  • the necessary instruments,
  • concrete actions and
  • responsible actors.

The NYS is a parliament resolution with Decision. (Ministry of Human Capacities Portal)

Action Plan for 2016-2017 of the National Youth Strategy [Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2016-2017. évekre vonatkozócselekvési tervéről (hereinafter referred to as NYS-CST)]

Government Decree 88/2009 on National Youth Strategy (X. 29.) Parliament states that the Government should submit an action plan every two years. (Unfortunately, the latest Action Plan for 2016-2017 is the most current.) 

NYS is a foundation document that defines the main direction of development in youth policy. The Action Plans set up specific tasks for the concerned ministers who are involved in the implementation.  When the 2-year-long action plans [cselekvési terv in Hungarian (hereinafter referred to as CST)] was adopted, the discussion was missing. The scope of this document affects the stakeholders of different fields and the Government as well; moreover, they incite the educational and local stakeholders of governmental and NGO sector. The Action Plan for 2016-2017 of the National Youth Strategy is a government's decree.

The Programme for the Future of the New Generation [(Új Nemzedék Jövőjéért Program)

Besides the NYS, the Government also started its framework programme called Programme for the Future of the New Generation [Új Nemzedék Jövőjéért Program (hereinafter referred to as PFNG)]. Grass-root initiatives, valuable comments and opinions, the views of participants were used to set up a framework programme as a result of a wide range reconciliation. 

The Programme for the Future of the New Generation defines certain guidelines for enhancing the participation of youth. The programme was launched in 2011 by the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice. [Programme for the Future of the New Generation (Új Nemzedék Jövőjéért Program)]

The PFNG is a government decision. It is valid since 2012.

 

Scope and contents

 

National Youth Strategy 2009-2024 (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2009-2024)

NYS analyses the situation of youth nationwide; then formulate principles and goals and integrate these ideas into several other social strategies. It provides partly local and nationwide guidelines, also expresses horizontal and specific aims. 

Horizontal aims: 

  • promoting equal opportunities,
  • awareness-raising on being Hungarian and being European, and
  • emphasises sustainable development. 

Specific aims: 

  • social integration,
  • help the work of youth communities, and
  • support the work of civil organisations

Key objectives set by the strategy from the perspective of participation:

  1. strengthening the system of student interest representation (p.52.)
  2. encouraging youth to participate in public affairs regarding all the issues related to them (p.59.)
  3. developing and educating the skillset and attitude that is required for active participation (p.48., 64.)
  4. increasing the level of participation of youth organisations in decision-making processes and operational support of these (p.62.)

 

Specific target groups

There is not any specific target group within youth whose participation would be especially encouraged, young people aged at least 8-12 years and at most 25-30 years are the main target group.  At a certain point, the document pays special attention to the disabled youth.   

Action Plan for 2016-2017 of the National Youth Strategy (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2016-2017. évekre vonatkozócselekvési tervéről)

The Action Plan for 2016-2017 of the National Youth Strategy points out nationwide tasks. Its aims are followed by 3 pillars. Along these lines, they specify smaller, more concrete tasks

Key objectives set by the strategy from the perspective of participation:

  • developing and supporting meaningful dialogue between young people and policymakers,
  • continuous cooperation between governmental and youth organisations,
  • Operation of the Hungarian Youth Conference.

 

Specific target groups

From the perspective of participation, the main target group is

  • youth,
  • youth organisations and
  • policymakers. 

 

The Programme for the Future of the New Generation (Új Nemzedék Jövőjéért Program)

The Programme for the Future of the New Generation defines nationwide aims and intervention fields. It points out 4 main interventional fields:

  1. Citizenship;
  2. Home and Family Creation;
  3. Career and Existence;
  4. Leisure.

These were intended to be realised by planned projects.

Key objectives set by the strategy from the perspective of participation:

  1. further support for civic education,
  2. meeting with politicians and public figures (for example attending parliamentary plenary sessions) and
  3. supporting the development of the youth institutional system (for example Municipal Youth Action Program; Establishment of a National Youth Council).

 

Specific target groups

The specific target groups are:

  1. young people between the ages of 10 and 23 seeking help with mental health, lifestyle and career choices;
  2. primary and secondary school students;
  3. young people with multiple disadvantages;
  4. young people interested in politics and public affairs.

 

Responsible authority for the implementation of the strategy

 

National Youth Strategy 2009-2024 (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2009-2024)

The authorities responsible for the implementation of the strategy are mainly the relevant ministers (typically the ministers responsible for child and youth policy, education, social inclusion and employment). 

The implementation and control are reviewed by professional strategy working group (Roundtable for Youth) and the Ministry of Human Capacities (Emberi Erőforrások Minisztériuma).

There is no available information on evidence-based monitoring, assessment, or evaluation.

Action Plan for 2016-2017 of the National Youth Strategy (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Stratégia 2016-2017. évekre vonatkozócselekvési tervéről)

The authorities responsible for the implementation of the strategy are mainly the relevant ministers, typically 

  1. the ministers responsible for child and youth policy, 
  2. education, 
  3. social inclusion and 
  4. employment.

 

The evidence-based monitoring/assessment/evaluation of the implementation of the strategy

A report has been issued on the implementation by the involved ministers, and then they sent it to the Minister of Human Capacities. Then they issue a report towards the Government based on the previous one. 

The Government has to report to the Parliament about the implementation of the action plans every 4 years. The latest report (beszámoló) on the achievements of the strategic goals between 2010 and 2013 states the following outcomes:

  • community places were established all over the country, both in smaller and bigger settlements;
  • the Youth Consultation Cycle [Ifjúsági Konzultációs Kör in Hungarian (hereinafter referred to as IKK)] was established as part of the structured dialogue aiming to reach young people directly;
  • hundreds of young people were involved in the dialogue between youth and decision-makers directly or through NGOs (in 2012-2013 about 700-800 young people);
  • Hungary organised two large-scale youth policy events during the half-year period of the EU presidency in 2011;
  • the National Youth Council [Nemzeti Ifjúsági Tanács (NIT)] was founded.

 

The Programme for the Future of the New Generation (Új Nemzedék Jövőjéért Program)

For the development and coordination of the implementation of the Programme for the Future of the New Generation, coordination of youth policy tasks, the commissioner for coordinating youth policy task is responsible. 

There is no available information on evidence-based monitoring, assessment, or evaluation.

 

Revisions/Updates

    There are no public, governmental or social debates or plans for dialogue on the topic of youth participation.