9.4 Raising awareness about global issues
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- educating for mutual tolerance,
- developing awareness of gender equality,
- respect for human diversity and mutual cooperation,
- respect for children's and human rights and fundamental freedoms,
- developing the skills needed to live in a democratic society,
- developing linguistic skills,
- educating for sustainable development and active participation in a democratic society including a deep understanding of and a responsible attitude to, oneself,
- one's health
- one's own and other cultures,
- the natural and social environment, and
- future generations.
In formal education, these issues are transmitted through different subjects, cross-curriculum and with different out-of-school and project activities.
On upper-secondary level of education, they are covered across different subjects – as a planned programme – through subjects, such as philosophy, sociology, history, geography and the mother tongue, whole-school activities, and a range of opportunities for students through their participation in the life of the school and local community.
At the upper-secondary level of education, global issues are divided into two subjects:
These topics are discussed using a cross-curricular approach because they intertwine with other subjects, such as biology (ecology).
The issues covered and their key concepts, which represent the main learning objectives, are as follows:
- Work, modern social organisations and leisure are envisaged in curricula of sociology (key concepts covered: the consequences of work flexibility for society and individuals, the consequences of long-term unemployment, changing attitudes toward work, international companies, women in management, satisfaction and dissatisfaction at work and total institutions).
- Social development and environmental issues are envisaged within curricula of sociology (key concepts covered: the development of modern science; the revolution in biotechnology, including its consequences, the possibilities of its use and abuse and ethical issues related to the development of biological science and technology; global warming and its consequences; the development of information science and technology and its impact on privacy, the protection of personal data, human rights and control; the environment and growth limits; resource depletion and pollution).
- Civil society movements and human rights are envisaged within the curricula of history (key concepts: civil society movements, non-governmental organizations, civil rights, human rights, tolerance, globalisation, the women's equality movement and women's right to vote).
Migration is envisaged within the curricula of history (key concepts: migration, economic crisis, urbanisation, exploitation, globalisation, citizenship, multicultural society, the friction between cultures, tolerance and terrorism).
- Science and technology in the twentieth century are envisaged within the curricula of history (key concepts: technical progress, scientific development, post-industrial society, ecological issues, sustainable development, education and the development/underdevelopment of the world).
- Challenges of the contemporary world are envisaged within the curricula of sociology (key concepts: European integration and globalization, globalisation and anti-globalisation movements, globalisation and the ecological crisis, new ecological and ethical views, migration flows in Europe, multiculturalism, inter-ethnic conflicts, biotechnology and information technology – opportunities and risks, the role of the media in global society and the impact of globalisation on the spheres of work, family, identity, migration, self-reliance, health, the body, disease, education and problems of modern urbanisation).
In terms of recommended teaching time, history represents 30-40% of the total time. Sociology addresses global issues as a coherent topic. The average time devoted to each issue results in a total teaching time of roughly 30 hours. A certified cross-curricular program regarding environmental education (Okoljska vzgoja) helps provide education and training regarding sustainable development.
The National Programme for Youth 2013-2022 (Resolucija o Nacionalnem programu za mladino2013-2022) promotes a holistic understanding of sustainable development, with an emphasis onthe transition to a low-carbon society (see Priority subsection 14):
- Indicator 1: the systematic introduction of content on sustainable development into the national curriculum
- Indicator 2: the share of programmes and projects regarding sustainable development as compared to all programmes and projects regarding youth
- Indicator 3: public opinion polls about environmental awareness among young people
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs publishes public call for proposals for non-governmental organisations in the field of awareness raising in development cooperation and global education. Tenders are usually published cyclically to ensure the continuity of project implementation in a particular area. The last tender for one three-year project (2020–2022) among non-governmental organisations regarding development and humanitarian projects was published in 2019, The Ministry allocates up to EUR 1,515,000 for financing in the period from 2020 to 2022.
The two subjects of the tender are as mentioned international development cooperation and humanitarian aid.
They are described in the tender as follows:
- With the international development cooperation, the country contributes in a more balanced global development, eradicates poverty and realizes sustainable development.
- The goal of the humanitarian aid is to save human lives, prevent human suffering and preserve human dignity. Prevention of humanitarian catastrophes are also included, as well as building the capacities to ensure adequate responses to them. This goal also includes activities related to rehabilitation and reconstruction after crisis.
- Global education has an important role in the process of poverty elimination, achieving sustainable development and it contributes to understanding of global issues, theirs causes and consequences as well as the connections between local and global dimension.
Support for educators is usually provided within a given project (for example, the Program NEON). However, some guidelines and handbooks can be found on website of the Ministryof Foreign Affairs (e.g. With global learning towards global goals).
From the perspective of international development cooperation, the area of global education is defined in the Resolution on the International Development Cooperation and HumanitarianAssistance of the Republic of Slovenia (2017), highlighting its role in eliminating poverty and achieving sustainable development. The Ministry of Education, Science and Sport defines this field in the Guidelines for Education for Sustainable Development from Pre-primary to Tertiary Education (2007) and some other documents. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is actively involved in the Global Education Network Europe – GENE. In April 2018, a Memorandum of understanding between the Minstry of Foreign Affairs and GENE was signed. The Memorandum defined three main activities which are being held in 2018 with the financial and professional support of GENE: (i) the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in cooperation with Ministry of Education, Science and Sport, GENE and other partners had held National Forum on Global Education and Education for Sustainable Development; (ii) the project on Global education “Global responsibility for the future” has started brought together different stakeholders, such as institution, NGOs and private sector; (iii) the mapping of global education and education for sustainable education in Slovenian schools which is being implemented by the National Institute for Education in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Education, Science and Sport.
We are Only With Others (“Le z drugimi smo”) is a project (2016-2021) implemented with the support from the European Social Fund, to enhance social and citizenship competencies of the professional staff in education, including themes, such as respect for human rights and freedoms, solidarity and volunteer work, prevention of unhealthy lifestyles of young people.
I Write for Rights (Pišem za pravice).
- Organisation in charge: Amnesty International Slovenia.
- An annual project that usually takes place in November and December, providing support for people who are wrongly imprisoned, tortured, intimidated or victims of discrimination and other human rights violations.
- Target groups: children, youth and the general public.
- More than 50 primary school and high school institutions have participated in this project. The project is largely financed by Amnesty International’s own funds (funds obtained from members and supporters). However, it is co-financed by the Office of the Republic of Slovenia for Youth, the Youth Office of the Municipality of Ljubljana and the Norwegian section Amnesty International within the ‘Empowerment of Tolerance’ project. The funds obtained from the co-financers are mainly intended to help in the preparation, printing and distribution of educational and support materials for students and teachers. This year, Amnesty International Slovenia is expected to spend 13.000 EUR on this project (the cost is approximately the same every year).
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia (MFA) participates in events (e.g. the Cultural Bazaar) at which it seeks to promote the knowledge and understanding of global issues among young people. In 2017, the MFA participated in the Cultural Bazaar panel entitled ‘On children's rights through culture’ and interactive workshops that addressed teachers and students regarding the impact of individual actions at the global level, the importance of international development cooperation and humanitarian assistance and the achievement of the goals of sustainable development. In last few years MFA also participates in the school competition “Europe in School” which is coordinated by one of the Slovenian NGO. MFA tries to introduce global issues and sustainable development goals as the key topic of the competition and therefore encourage the understanding of these topics among youth. In the framework of this competition, this year MFA participated at the conference regarding gender equality (SDG5), which was organised by Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.
In May 2018 the MFA participated in a public awareness event “Her World is Our World”,which was held in European Union member states. The main objective of the event was to educate young people about work in the EU and its member states in the area of gender equality in developing countries.
Global education (Globalno učenje)
- Global education includes a set of principles for the education of various parts of society, as well as content that relates to an individual’s role in society and interdependence with and engagement in global developments such as human rights, the environment and sustainable development, education for peace and conflict prevention, intercultural education, social justice, global citizenship and inequality. The goal of the Global education is to emphasise these interconnections and explain the causes and consequences of local and global issues and challenges and specially to encourage the citizenship to act.
- Through global education, citizens are transformed into responsible citizens of the world who understand and meet their responsibilities toward themselves, others and the environment. Global education promotes the independent work of young people regarding children’s and human rights, a clean and safe environment, sustainable development, peace education, the prevention of peer violence and equality.
- By gaining informal competences within the framework of global education projects, children and young people are directed, supported and encouraged to actively participate in social events, especially in youth or voluntary organisations.
- In 2016 the MFA financed one two-year project on global education “NGO Consortium: Global Education for Global Goals!« and one on awareness raising “STAND UP, TAKE ACTION: For the Future We Want«.
- The Ministry of Public Administration and the EU co-finance global learning projects implemented by the Humanitas Association (together with international partners), the leading organisation in the field of global education in Slovenia. The main aim of the project "PeerAct - Upscaling peer-to-peer anti-bias education for promoting common values" is to equip young people with social competences to promote the fundamental social values of non-discrimination, tolerance, solidarity and equality among young people across Europe. The project runs from 2020 with an expected completion in 2022. The main aim of the project "Let's spread solidarity!" is to raise young people's awareness on the issues of solidarity, poverty, inequality, discrimination and human rights. The project runs from 2020 and is expected to end in 2023. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the EU are co-financing the Humanitas Association CULPEER4CHANGE international project, which aims to promote global learning about the sustainable development goals (climate change, children's rights and migration) and to introduce new educational concepts into formal and non-formal education. The MFA and the EU are also co-financing the project "GLOBAL CHALLENGES - GLOBAL SUBJECTS", which aims to contribute to the visibility and quality of global learning in the formal school system and to stimulate debate on the importance of introducing a global dimension in teaching. The project ran from 2017 to 2021. Both Ministries and the EU co-financed the project "Beyond the Bubble", which sought to raise the visibility of the global learning approach and awareness of the shared responsibility for a Europe of solidarity, inclusion and openness in the world.
There are several public authorities responsible for the dissemination of information on global issues to young people:
- The Office of the Republic of Slovenia for Youth (Urad RS za mladino) disseminates information about projects targeted specifically toward youth.
- The Ministry of Education, Science and Sport disseminates information about educational projects.
- The Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning disseminates information about projects regarding the environment and climate change.
- The Ministry of Foreign Affairs disseminations information about projects regarding global education, awareness raising on global issues and fundamental/human rights.
- The Ministry of Economic Development and Technology disseminates information about projects regarding sustainable development and green production.
Objective: Promoting a sustainable method of social action, focusing on the transition to a low-carbon society and the green economy
Priority subsection 13 explains the need to promote an understanding of the changes that affect the functioning of the global ecosystem, as well as an awareness of the importance of sustainable environmental performance.
- The Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning created the measure.
- Indicator 1: the number of comments and suggestions for changes made by youth representatives. This number was 0 within Slovenia’s Plan B network (a network of non-governmental organizations for sustainable development).
- Indicator 2: a measurement of the environmental awareness of young people through public opinion research
- Indicator 3: the share of schools that implement sustainable development programs and/or projects
- Indicator 4: the number of non-governmental organizations in the youth sector that participated in sustainable development projects. Three NGOs in the youth sector participated in Slovenia’s Plan B, namely the No Excuse Slovenia Youth Association, the Pina Cultural Educational Association and the Koper Education Institute.
Other key initiatives:
Transition to the green economy (Prehod v zeleno gospodarstvo)
- Create a long-term governmental strategic direction.
- Establish a change in the patterns of consumption and production, one of the key conditions for a successful transition to the green economy. Change in the lifestyles of wider society to increase environmental sustainability is possible only with the appropriate educational measures.
- Ministries, knowledge institutes and competence centres must prepare renewed educational programmes with an emphasis on acquiring skills, not just knowledge. Educational processes will include topics related to the green economy, and special attention must be paid to training for so-called green jobs. The transition to the green economy will also requires a number of changes in educational methods. These will include the greening of the educational infrastructure by reducing its environmental impact, increased material and energy efficiency and the introduction of sustainable lifestyles.
School of Human Rights (Šola človekovih pravic)
- This project is conducted by Amnesty International Slovenia (Amnesty Slovenija).
- This project encourages learning about human rights.
- Schools all over Slovenia participate in various ways. For example, they participate in the I Write for Rights (Pišem za pravice) writing marathon at the Nights of the Book, and teachers themselves carry out workshops).
The Volunteer of the Year (Prostovoljec leta)
- The project is implemented by the National Youth Council of Slovenia (Mladinski svetSlovenije).
- Over the years, the project and its open tender have developed a national dimension, rewarding volunteers and volunteer organisations for their contribution to society while encouraging others to become involved in volunteer activities.
Youth for climate justice (Mladi za podnebno pravičnost)
- Youth for climate justice is a self-organized, democratic movement. The main aim of this movement is to provide decent living and take care of the Planet. The movement is in a non-violent way of fighting for usage of alternative sources of energy, raising awareness and searching for solutions to prevent the worsening of the climate crisis. Youth for climate change is connected to various groups fighting for the same rights, through organizing workshops and lectures, cultural interventions and protests.
- The project aims to raise awareness among European youth about climate change-driven migration. The project is implemented by 15 European organisations (the SLOGA Platform from Slovenia) and is co-funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and EU DEAR Programme. The programme started in 2020 and will last for 40 months.