2.5 Cross-border mobility programmes
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Slovenia has not developed any cross-border mobility programme. The EU Erasmus+ programme is the most important, because it represents the beginning of a legal possibility to support such projects and their respective goals, in pursuance of which an increasing number of players in the youth field prepare international youth activities (youth exchange, the project of European Voluntary Service) as a constituent part of their regular yearly programmes. Similarly, a growing number of players in the youth field make use of the international aspect of projects as an important - otherwise unattainable in domestic and local environment - educational dimension and a method to fulfil their educational mission among youth target groups.
Slovenia is also involved in the European Solidary Corps project which is an initiative by the European Union that promotes solidarity and creates volunteering possibilities for young people in their own countries and abroad. By August 2019 there was already more than 200 volunteer jobs secured within ESC programme.
There is no systematic monitoring of youth participation in EU programmes related to youth volunteering besides Institute MOVIT’s (Erasmus+, Youth in Action National Agency) regular reporting procedures and special publications (see Journal Mladje). However, general trends related to youth participation in European volunteering programmes are monitored by the Office of the Republic of Slovenia for Youth through its periodic evaluations of the Erasmus+, Youth in Action programme.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia has published a call for international development and humanitarian projects that will be implemented by Slovenian NGOs between 2020-2022. The call for proposals is divided into three sections: 1. development projects in the Western Balkans in the field of equality of women; 2. projects in the field of educating children about their rights through the use of Our Rights materials in the Western Balkans or North Africa; and 3. implementation of humanitarian projects in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East.
Aliens Act (Zakon o tujcih), adopted on 15 June 2011 by the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia, isimportantfor foreigners interested in carrying out voluntary work in Slovenia. In the case of a foreign volunteer residing in Slovenia for more than 90 days that is subject to a visa, a permit for temporary residence is required which may be issued for different purposes including his or her participation in the programmes of trans-national exchange of volunteers (Article 30). However, a foreign volunteer who wish to reside in the Republic of Slovenia should have a valid travel document whose period of validity must exceed the intended period of stay in the Republic of Slovenia by at least three months; they should also have an appropriate health insurance certificate and sufficient funds for subsistence during their stay in the country or their subsistence shall be guaranteed otherwise (Article 27).
The employment and work article of the Aliens Actmakes no mention of volunteers but its application is essential for the work of foreign volunteers in Slovenia. This Act does not apply to foreigners that carry out not-for-profit activity within organised youth camps and other periodical forms of trans-national cooperation of young people organised by the authorized organisations, schools, institutions, ministries or local communities, to foreigners who perform clerical jobs for legally recognised religious communities, and aliens who organise or run charitable and humanitarian activities within registered organisations and religious communities.