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EACEA National Policies Platform


9. Youth and the World

9.4 Raising awareness about global issues

Last update: 28 November 2023
On this page
  1. Formal, non-formal and informal learning
  2. Youth-targeted information campaigns on global issues
  3. Information providers
  4. Key initiatives

Formal, non-formal and informal learning


In accordance with the School and Preschool Education Act (Закона за училищното и предучилищното образованиe), school and school education is aimed inter alia at ensuring:

  • Obtaining competences necessary for successful personal and professional realisation and active civil life in modern communities;
  • Obtaining competences to apply the sustainable development principles;
  • Obtaining competences to understand and apply the principles of democracy and constitutional state, of human rights and freedoms, of active and responsible civil participation;
  • Establishing tolerance and respect to ethnical, cultural, language and religious identity of every citizen;
  • Establishing tolerance and respect to the rights of children, students and people with disabilities;
  • Obtaining competences to understand global processes, trends and their interrelations.

In the system of formal education, students in the upper secondary level have a civic education course aimed at preparing the young people for social realisation through knowledge, understanding and protection of human rights and freedoms in line with the laws of the democratic society. The competence fields covered by this course are: citizens, policy and democracy, civil rights and responsibilities, identities and diversities in society, Bulgaria, the world and global issues, etc. Environment protection, health and wellbeing are covered by the courses Chemistry and Environment Protection and Biology and Health Education, respectively.

Non-formal and informal learning opportunities on global issues are provided under different projects funded by the Ministry of Youth and Sports within the frameworks of the national youth programs in areas like: non-formal learning for acquiring skills and key competences, environment protection, promotion of healthy lifestyle, tolerance and European belonging, cyber bullying and online abuse, non-dissemination of disinformation and fake news, solidarity and empathy among young people.

Support to educators is provided within the National Program Motivated Teachers and Qualification (Национална програма „Мотивирани учители и квалификация“) implemented by the Ministry of Education and Science in pursuance of the Strategic Framework for Development of Education, Training and Learning in the Republic of Bulgaria (2021 – 2030) for the purposes to increase the motivation for practicing teacher’s profession.

Different resource websites exist to provide support to educators in terms of education on global issues:

Youth-targeted information campaigns on global issues

In 2018, the information centres within the system of the Ministry of Environment and Water (33) significantly increased their activity. All of them organise information and educational initiatives for increasing environmental mind and culture of different social groups, publish information materials and carry out training programs in partnership with institutions and nongovernmental organisations in different regions. During the year, they have organised 11 national and 14 regional information and educational programs for improvement of environmental mind and culture of young people and various initiatives in partnership with institutions, business and nongovernmental organisations in different regions.

In 2022, the Ministry of Education and Environment launched the implementation of 180 initiatives under the Youth for Environment Program (Младежи за околна среда) administered by the ministry. The activities comprise:

  • Young people teaching adults how to reduce their carbon footprint;
  • Mounting of composting installations in schoolyards;
  • Training visits for young people to waste water treatment plans, separating installations and domestic waste depots;
  • Specialised training for young researchers on new models and technologies for climate change monitoring;
  • Cleaning of riverbanks, etc.

UNICEF Bulgaria, in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Science implements the global initiative “The World’s Largest Lesson” in Bulgaria aimed to make children and young people familiar with the Sustainable Development Goals

The Bulgarian Centre of Training Firms to the Ministry of Education and Science organises annual international practice enterprises trade fair Young Entrepreneur to support young entrepreneurs. It further administers the so called practice enterprise/ training company/ training firm as an innovative environment for training in entrepreneurship and business administration.

Information providers

Public authorities responsible for the dissemination of information on global issues to young people are as follows:

Key initiatives

Some key initiatives are being implemented at governmental level to promote global topics among the society, with special focus on young people: