3.7 Cross-border mobility in employment, entrepreneurship and vocational opportunities
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Eures is a cooperation network between the EU/EAA countries and Switzerland. The aim is to facilitate the free movement of workers within the EEA.
The Public Employment Service has national coordination responsibility for the Eures offices in Sweden. The Public Employment Service is administrator of the EU project 'Your first EURES job – Targeted Mobility Scheme', with a current duration of until the end of January 2021. The project is open to young people aged 18–35 and employers from all EU countries, Norway and Iceland.
Eurodesk is responsible for the European Youth Portal aimed directly at young people seeking working, study or volunteer possibilities in another European country.
The Government has appointed the Swedish Agency for Youth and Civil Society (MUCF) to be the national partner in issues concerning Eurodesk. There are as well several local contact points for Eurodesk in Sweden.
Erasmus for young entrepreneurs
The European entrepreneurs programme provides young new entrepreneurs the possibility to exchange knowledge and business ideas with a more experienced entrepreneur in another country. The goal is to strengthen the skills needed to develop a business.
The programme last between one to six months and is managed locally by a network of intermediary organisations such as Chambers of Commerce, incubators and other organizations that support companies and already work to promote entrepreneurship at European, national or local level.
Nordjobb.org is a Nordic cross-border mobility programme. The core activities consists of a summer programme, where young people are given work, access to housing and the opportunity to participate in organized cultural activities in another Nordic country.
The jobs on offer are mainly traditional summer jobs including farming, hotel or youth hostel works, cleaning services, factory and/or warehouse work, as well as jobs in nursing homes and within transport and the haulage industry.
All young people of an EU-country or a Nordic country can apply.
Nordjobb is a non-profit project and is always free of charge for both contractors and participants.
Most of the legal framework for the cross-border mobility of workers, trainees/apprentices and professionals targets the population in general.
The only existing legal framework specifically targeting young people are special signed agreements with Australia, Canada, Chile, New Zealand and South Korea. The agreements with different countries gives incoming and outgoing young people aged between 18 and 30 years of age the right to stay and work in these respective countries for up to a year. In Sweden, commonly a job offer is needed before a non-EU citizen can apply for and be granted a work permit, but in this case, a person can come to Sweden and look for a job.