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EACEA National Policies Platform


3. Employment & Entrepreneurship

3.7 Cross-border mobility in employment, entrepreneurship and vocational opportunities

Last update: 3 April 2022
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  1. Programmes and schemes for cross-border mobility
  2. Legal framework

Programmes and schemes for cross-border mobility

Programmes to promote cross-border mobility are almost exclusively offered by the European Union. The Your First EURES Job initiative should be mentioned in this context. According to information on its website, 541 Hungarian jobseekers have participated in the programme until 2022. Another EU initiative is the Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs programme - according to data from January 2017, 135 new and 56 experienced entrepreneurs from Hungary have participated in the programme.

The most important programme to list here is the VET Traineeship Mobility Programme of Erasmus+. In addition, however, the Campus Mundi – mobility and internationalisation programme in the field of higher education is also running. The programme

'provides an opportunity for Hungarian students to contribute to the work of a business or organisation for a few months and gain work experience in an international environment.'

Communication and dissemination of the international mobility projects are carried out by Tempus Public Foundation Erasmus+ Programme Office.

Legal framework

In Hungary there is no such regulation for young people. The existing regulations deal with the issue under the term of educational mobility.

There is a chapter in the Act CCIV of 2011 on National Higher Education (2011. évi CCIV. törvény a nemzeti felsőoktatásról) titled 'Studies Of Hungarian Nationals Abroad, Studies Of Foreign Nationals In Hungary', in which the rights and support of students studying abroad are described. (These students are eligible for a student pass, they can receive scholarships. It is also determined how studies abroad are recognised and what regulations affect foreign students studying in Hungary.)