1.1 Target population of youth policy
Youth policy in Malta is primarily administered at a central level. In 2015 the Government issued the latest version of the document entitled 'National Youth Policy Towards 2020: A shared vision for the future of young people'. The main responsibility for youth policy falls within the Ministry for Inclusion and Quality of Life, through the Parliamentary Secretary for Sports, Recreation and Voluntary Organisations. However due to its transversal nature the implementation of the youth policy requires cross-sectoral support from other relevant Ministries.
National youth policy in Malta looks at the young person as a resource and strives to both support and encourage young people in fulfilling their potential and aspiration while addressing their needs and concerns. It also supports young people as active and responsible citizens who full participate in and contribute to the social, economic and cultural life of Malta, Europe and beyond.
The main policy document that defines which age group can be considered as youth in Malta is the Maltese National Youth Policy. The latest revision of the national youth policy document that was issued in 2015 entitled ‘National Youth Policy Towards 2020: A shared vision for the future of young people’ states that youth is the cohort of all persons between 13 and 30 years old.
This age group has been the same since 2010, when the third revision of the National Youth Policy was launched. Previous National Youth Policy documents targeted different cohorts. The 1993 National Youth Policy, which was the first ever National Youth Policy document, defined youth as the cohort between 16-30 years; the 1999 and 2004, which were the first and the second revision of the National Youth Policy documents respectively, defined youth as the cohort between 14-30 years.
There are also other official documents that define which age group can be considered as youth or young people. Among such documents there is the National Strategic Policy for Poverty Reduction and for Social Inclusion (2014-2024) issued by the Ministry for the Family and Social Solidarity that defines young people as the cohort between 18 and 24 years old. The National Employment Policy issued by the Ministry of Education and Employment defines young people as the cohort between 15 and 24 years old.
Other relevant policy documents do not define youth or young people by age.