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EACEA National Policies Platform


6. Education and Training

Last update: 27 October 2020


The education system in Turkey is formed of two main parts as “Formal Education” and “Non-Formal Education”. The stages of the formal education system are pre-school, primary education, secondary education and higher education stages.

Since Turkey has a relatively young population, to prepare the youth to the future, a contemporary and multi-dimensional education system is adopted. According to the 2015-2019 Strategic Plan of the Ministry of National Education (Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı 2015–2019 Stratejik Planı), efforts is made to reach to the disadvantaged youth, to ensure social coherence and equality of opportunities, to avert early leave from school and grade failure. In this context, coordinated works are undergone by the Ministry of Family and Social Policies, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Ministry of Youth and Sports, Ministry of Development and Ministry of European Union and various reports are prepared.  The basic document concerning the youth in the works done in this matter is the National Youth and Sports Policy Document. Works are carried out within the scope of fight against early leave from school and failure, activities for non-formal education services are concentrated on. One of the most important components of non-formal education is the Apprenticeship Education.  With the works carried out within the context of protocols concluded with Turkish Employment Agency and KOSGEB, efficiency and continuity of these services are ensured.

The Ministry of National Education is carrying out works on forming a certificate standardisation for the purpose of increasing the quality of personnel and education, sending students abroad with Abroad Postgraduate Education Scholarship, within the scope of Erasmus+ Programme realised as a result of the cooperation with the European Union, student and educator mobility is ensured. With the updates in the legislation in the recent years, new arrangements based on modernised education programs are done. To keep pace with the recent technological developments and to benefit from these, important works are done and the FATİH Project (FATİH Projesi) is realised.