6. Education and Training
Since the re-establishment of the Spanish Democracy, education policy has been crucial for the Spaniards as it is seen as the most effective tool for progress and formation of citizen. However, it has been in a constant debate too, as it has focused heavily in the structure of the education system imposing the views of the government in charge, making long-term trends – like high dropput rates - difficult to change.
The socio-economic crisis, the health crisis caused by Covid 19, the rise of feminism has had a great impact on the Spanish production system, has shown the need to influence the training and vocational training of the workforce. For this reason, it has become crucial to draft training routes that respond to the current needs of the country, to raise awareness of the importance of staying longer in training, and to ensure the development of young people and their potential as citizens.
The public policies that Spain plans and implements in education and training the youth, try to consider the need for training in new skills and to cope with the new digital scene. With Spain being a decentralized State, the educational powers are exerted mainly by the Autonomous Regions, while the State Administration coordinates and oversees educational policies.