In Hungary there are two main challenges to young people’s participation in education and training which are related to the Europe 2020 strategy. By accepting the strategy, Hungary has committed itself to
- increase the proportion of those between 30-40 years who have higher or equivalent qualification to 34%, and to
- reduce the proportion of early school leavers (which is now 11.8%) between the age of 18 and 24 (especially disadvantaged, multiply disadvantaged and Roma students) to 10% by 2020.
To increase the proportion of those who have a higher or equivalent qualification to 34%, in 2013, the Hungarian Government modified the Act CCIV of 2011 On National Higher Education (2011. évi CCIV. törvény a nemzeti felsőoktatásról) and abolished the system of higher education quotas. (For more information see sub-chapter 6.1 General context.)
To reduce the proportion of early school leavers from the current 12,5% to 10%, in 2016, the Hungarian Government set up a 'Medium-term strategy against leaving school without qualifications' ('A végzettség nélküli iskolaelhagyás elleni középtávú stratégia') to tackle early school leaving and to increase employment, for which the cross-sectoral cooperation (education, training, employment, health care, law enforcement and social policy) is important. The strategy also defines individual, institutional and system-level tasks. [For more information, see sub-chapter 6.3 Preventing early leaving from education and training (ELET).]