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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Romania

Romania

3. Employment & Entrepreneurship

3.1 General context

On this page
  1. Labour market situation in the country
  2. Main concepts

Labour market situation in the country

The youth unemployment rate in Romania in December 2020 was 19%, for the 15-24 years old age segment, according to the Romanian National Institute for Statistics, compared to 17.9% in October 2019. A decrease of the youth unemployment percentage was constant since 2015 (23.5%) until 2019, but the trend has been stoped by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, this has to be put in the context of a general unemployment value of 4.9% in Romania for December 2020, young people being the age group the most affected by unemployment.

 

The information and data available are relevant only for the age segment 15-24.

 

Main concepts

According to the law on employment and unemployment, law no. 76/2002, ‘Unemployed’ is the person who cumulatively fulfils the following conditions:

  1. Is 16 or older, is looking for a job and does not meet the retirement conditions;
  2. The state of health and the physical and mental capacities allow the person to perform a job;
  3. he/she does not work, does not earn any income from authorized activities according to the law, or has lower income than the country-wide minimum gross salary guaranteed in payment scheme
  4. Is available to start work in the immediate period if there is a vacancy.

 

According to the law on employment and unemployment, law no. 76/2002, ‘Registered unemployed’ is the person who cumulatively fulfils the conditions set out previously and is registered with the employment agency in whose territorial range resides.