6.4 Validation of non-formal and informal learning
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Procedures for the validation of skills and competences
The Education Law aims to facilitate the completion of the European educational goals through content explicitly devoted to aspects of the importance of lifelong learning, defined as: ‘all the learning activities undertaken by each person in the formal, non-formal and informal contexts, in order to acquire or develop competences from a multiple perspective: personal, civic, social or occupational’ (Article 328 (2)) at all levels of education and training (early education, upper-secondary education, higher education, adult education and training).
But the lawpromotes a very general approach to validationand there are no sector specific measures and procedures for the validation of skills and competencies acquired through informal and nonformal learning paths and contexts. The only exception related to the existence of methodology and procedures of validation is identified when it comes to the validation of the learning outcomes acquired by teachers in nonformal and informal contexts, the outcomes being then transformed into credits for the professional development of the teaching staff.
The Ministry of Education promotes the benefits of non-formal education through a wide range of activities: educational activities, in-school and out of classroom activities coordinated by educational counsellors, the activities that are taking place in the Children’s Palaces and Children Clubs as well as in the School Sports’ Clubs; in projects that are implemented according to the national calendars of national and regional educational activities, calendars that are approved annually through the Minister’s Order; projects and programmes that are organised cross-sectorial or in partnership with other public or private organisations (such as the activities organised within Săptâmâna Altfel). The Ministry of Education recognises the importance of the activities that are part of the National Educational Activities Calendar as well as of the Regional and Inter-Counties Educational Activities Calendar where over 200 activities are included and over 10 000 children and young people take part in. Due to the Pandemic, in 2020 and 2021, these activities were not published but in 2022, a new set of calendar of activities will be public. In line with the sanitary regulations, the Ministry encouraged the development and implementation of non-formal education activities that would ensure the safety of the participants - pupils and students as well as of their families.
On partnership basis with the private organizations, the Ministry of Education encourages the development and implementation of projects that include non-formal education methodologies in various development fields: health, sustainable development, sports, career development, financial and entrepreneurial education, personal development, healthy lifestyle and wellbeing, etc.
Other important legal for the validation of learning are:
- Government Ordinance no. 129/2002 on Adult Vocational Training, approved with amendments and completions by Law No 375/2002stating that the employers should ensure the access of the employees to the professional development opportunities as well as that the professional competencies can be acquired in formal educational contexts – such as professional training activities; nonformal ones – mainly through on the job activities or self-directed learning activities and informal learning contexts – the unstructured learning opportunities. Moreover, when designing and implementing the training activities, the training providers should structure very well the programmes, in terms of learning objectives, the duration of the activities, certification, etc. At the national level, The National Authority for Qualificationscoordinates the authorization of the training providers and monitors the quality of the training processes.
- Methodology on the recognition of competencies acquired in the formal, non-formal or informal learning by teachers who occupy positions of educators / educators, institutes / institutes, teachers / instructors, master instructor, coaches, in order to fill the position didactic teacher of pre-school education, teachers for education or teachers of practice training, respectively teacher-coach in clubs school sports, palaces and children's clubs. Defining the types of training activities for teachers, the Methodology sets as well the number of credits corresponding to each of the training activities (60 credits, 90 credits, etc.) as well as the procedures that the teachers have to follow to obtain these credits (documents to file, the timeline, etc.).
- Methodology for using the Europass and Youthpass tools, approved by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Family and Social Protection. But the Methodology is simply a document that describes the instruments and offers the users the information regarding the sections of the instruments and instructions on how to fill the different sections of the above mentioned instruments.
Policy/programme/project/initiative for the development of the professional competences of staff involved in the validation process across all relevant sectors
No policy/programme/project/initiative for the development of the professional competences of staff involved with the validation process across the relevant sectors is available.
Target group(s) within the youth population
No information on target group(s) within the youth population is available.
Outlets and services for disseminating information
No information on outlets and services for disseminating information is available.
Large-scale initiatives for promoting the value of non-formal and informal learning and informing about validation of their outcomes
No information on large- scale initiatives for promoting the value of non-formal and informal learning and informing about validation of their outcomes is available.
No information on quality assurance is available.