1.8 Cross-border cooperation
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Cooperation with European countries
According to the Ministry of Youth and Sport presentation and communication to the National Corespondent, several cooperation activities with EU and EU-candidate countries were implemented for policy-coordination and capacity building. The cooperation activities have been also carried out in the benefit of young people, this involvement of young people in international relations activities of the Ministry being one of the ways of informing and involving young people in the youth policy.
Long term cooperation programmes were implemented with France, Italy and Belgium, both Flemish and Walloon Communities, Hungary and Moldova. Among the most important long time programmes the Ministry of Youth and Spots mentions:
- France – Bilateral Youth Exchange Programme - dedicated both to youth and governmental experts - (1991-2005). Topics: Volunteering Camps, Art and Cultural Traineeships, Cultural and Language Courses etc.
- Italy – Social and Cultural Youth Exchanges - dedicated both to youth and governmental experts (1992 – 2008). Topics: Cultural and Language Courses for youth workers (socio-cultural youth animators), European identity, Intercultural and Interethnic Dialogue, Environment, Women’s Rights, Folklore, Volunteering Camps
- Belgium, Flemish Community –Bilateral Cooperation Programme on Youth - dedicated both to youth and governmental experts - (1999-2012). Topics: Youth Work, Socio-Pedagogical Education and Animation for Children with Disabilities, Youth Centres and Youth Camps, Volunteering, Entrepreneurship.
Romania is also part of multi-country initiatives within EU. Between 2004-2012, Romania participated to the Central European Initiative (CEI) Youth Forum. Delegations were composed of one governmental representative and 2 Youth NGO representatives. The outcome was a declaration on a certain topic established by the Presidency. In 2009, Romania held the CEI Presidency and, at that time, the Ministry of Youth and Sports organized the IX CEI Youth Forum - Supporting Youth Access on Labor Markets.
Starting with 2015, Romania is invited, as an observer, to the Visegrad Group on youth Affairs (which is further named Visegrad Group + Romania ). In this respect, in October 2015 Romania was invited to the Seminar Health and Well-being of Young People, held in Prague, Czech Republic. From that moment Romania is integrated in the Visegrad Group agenda (youth domain).
According to the Ministry of Youth and Sport presentation and communication to the National Corespondent, the Minsitry carry out numerous activities of policy coordination with third countries and/or other international organisations in the field of youth and youth policies. It worth mention the long term cooperation activities and initiatives, as the following:
- Youth Exchange Programmes with Tunisia - dedicated both to youth and governmental experts (1996-2006). Topics: Volunteering, Information Visits, History, Youth Centres, Intercultural Dialogue
- Youth Exchange Programmes with Morocco - dedicated both to youth and governmental experts (1994 – 2006). Topics: Volunteering, Information Visits, Youth Centres, Intercultural Dialogue
- Cooperation Agreement on Youth with the Republic of Moldova - dedicated both to youth and governmental experts (1993 – 2005). Topics: non-formal education, volunteering, information visits, youth research, youth policy
- Cooperation Agreement on Youth with China – until 2008 with All China Youth Federation. The programme was dedicated to governmental experts.
- Cooperation Agreement on Youth with Israel
- In September 2011, after the earthquake which struck Tohoku Region, Romania invited 18 students from Fukushima University. It was a cultural visit. In March 2012, an official delegation from the National Authority of Youth and Sports was invited in Japan by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Also in the field of international relations, since 2009, The Ministry of Youth and Sports organizes the UN Youth Delegate Programme. 2 young people, gender balance, aged between 18 and 25, represent the Romanian Youth Voice to the General Assembly (September-October) and ECOSOC- Economic and Social Council-(February, the following year). The programme is carried out in partnership with the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.