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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki


4. Social Inclusion

Social services are provided according to the Law no. 292/2011 of social assistance. There are three service types regulated: (1) Personal care services; (2) Recovery services; (3) (Re)integration social services. Although young people can benefit from these services, in none of the services designed by the Ministry of Labour, young people are not specially targeted and none of these services is specially designed for young people. However, traditionally, the Romanian social policy focuses on social benefit payments to people in need and risk of social exclusion, and less on social services.


Analysing the social inclusion measures included in the National Strategy on Social Inclusionthe Youth Strategy and reunited under the Anti-poverty Package in 2016, one can observe most of the measures are designed around schools in less favoured areas. Social services for the inhabitants of the LFA (less favoured area) are cantered around school, so it becomes a motor of social inclusion, by supplementing the activity of Public Social Assistance Services and by giving information, counselling and social, health and educational services to the children and young people attending school and their families. By means of: (1) social and medical office (including dentist’s office) in schools; (2) specialised staff (psychologist, school counsellor, speech therapist); (3) schools canteen. However, there are few places where these services have been developed in 2017. After 2017 the Anti-poverty Package has been abandoned as an 'umbrela' policy for social inclusion.