4. Social Inclusion
Social services are provided according to the Law no. 292/2011 of social assistance. There are three service types regulated: (1) Personal care services; (2) Recovery services; (3) (Re)integration social services. Although young people can benefit from these services, in none of the services designed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Solidarity, young people are not specially targeted and none of these services is specially designed for young people. However, traditionally, the Romanian social policy focuses on social benefit payments to people in need and risk of social exclusion, and less on social services. Social services are regulated for young people leaving the special protection system for children without parental care.
Analysing the social inclusion measures included in the National Strategy on Social Inclusion and Poverty Reduction 2015-2020 and the Youth Strategy 2015-2020, one can observe most of the measures have been designed around schools in less favoured areas. Social services for the inhabitants of the LFA (less favoured area) are cantered around school, so it becomes a motor of social inclusion, by supplementing the activity of Public Social Assistance Services and by giving information, counselling and social, health and educational services to the children and young people attending school and their families. By means of: (1) social and medical office (including dentist’s office) in schools; (2) specialised staff (psychologist, school counsellor, speech therapist); (3) schools canteen. However, there are few places where these services have been developed.