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EACEA National Policies Platform


6. Education and Training

6.5 Cross-border learning mobility

Last update: 25 March 2024
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  1. Policy framework
  2. Main cross-border mobility programmes for students in formal education
  3. Promoting mobility in the context of non-formal learning, and of youth work
  4. Quality assurance

Policy framework

In formal education, The Agency for Credits and Scholarship manages the learning mobility activities for students while the learning mobility activities for individuals opportunities offered through Erasmus + are managed by the National Agency for Community Programmes in the Field of Education and Vocational Training (The National Agency).

Main cross-border mobility programmes for students in formal education

The Agency for Credits and Scholarships provides access to various categories of beneficiaries to scholarships offered by the Ministry of Education, as well as the management of the student credit system.

The following mobility schemes are available for Romanian students:

  • ‘Bilateral Agreement’ Scholarship -  Bursa „Acord bilateral”– depending on the agreement type signed with the partner states, the scholarships are offered for summer camps, for complete or partial study programmes (BA, MA, PhD), for professional training activities or research.
  • ‘Titu Maiorescu’ Scholarship - Bursa „Titu Maiorescu”– the programme was approved in 2008 targeting PhD students interested into developing their research related to European Studies. But due to the lack of funding, the programme was not implemented yet. 
  • ‘V Parvan and N Iorga ‘Scholarship - Bursa „V.Pârvan și N.Iorga”targets graduates with a BA in of History and Social Sciences, Archeology, Archives, Librarianship, Classical and Modern Philology, History of Art and Architecture, Literature and literary studies, Arts, Economics and Science. Scholarships may last for at least 2 consecutive months and for a maximum of 2 consecutive years.
  • ‘I.U.E’ Scholarship - Bursa „I.U.E.”The doctoral scholarships offered by the European University Institute in Florence, based on the Accession Convention signed by Romania in 2009, have an access mechanism with conditions imposed by the Institute

Otherwise, most of the Romanian Universities had been establishing partnerships aiming to support student learning mobility activities within Erasmus + Programme .

Other student mobility opportunities are being offered through EEA Grants.

Promoting mobility in the context of non-formal learning, and of youth work

The only available learning mobility in the contact of non-formal learning and of youth work are the ones offered through Erasmus +.

‘‘The suitcase, the map and the voyage of a youth worker” was co-funded by the European Commission -  Strategic Partnerships in the field of education, training and youth. The project aimed at creating some online tools which could facilitate the process of professional life planning, the non-formal learning, informing young people and professionalise the occupation of youth worker. In 2 years the partners involved succeeded to achieve even more than the established objectives: to prepare a range of 3 necessary tools for youth workers;to build and test an online training course for 50 people interested in becoming youth workers; to allow 200 young people to test a full range of innovative tools, developed in the project, in order to develop their personal and professional life plan with the support of youth workers;to create and have 200 young people test an online training course  for one key competence  (Learning to learn) from the Reference Framework; to certify 18 people interested in becoming youth workers on an official occupational standard;to build an international partnership network of 9 structures, in the field of youth work.

The Digital Youth Work Community of Learning  was created inside the  “#AlwaysOn for Youth” Strategic Partnership for Youth project which was implemented between April 2021 – April 2023 by Federația Young Men’s Christian Associations România (YMCA România), as coordinator and Young Initiative Association (AYI), Sdrujenie “Nadejda-CRD” – Bulgaria (NCRD), The Coordinating Committee for International Voluntary Service – France (CCIVS ) and the Alliance Europeenne des YMCA – Belgium (YMCA Europe), as partners. The project was co-funded by the European Union through the Erasmus + Program. The aim of the project was to increase the capacity of youth organizations from Romania, France, Bulgaria, Belgium and the federated networks of the partnership consortium to serve young people (including vulnerable youth) extensively and intensively through digital youth work and digital inclusion and digital safety practices.

Quality assurance

By December 2023, no system of quality assurance of the arrangements for the validation of non-formal and informal competences developed in the context of learning mobilities were developed and put.