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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Romania

Romania

8. Creativity and Culture

8.4 Promoting culture and cultural participation

On this page
  1. Reducing obstacles to young people's access to culture
  2. Disseminating information on cultural opportunities
  3. Knowledge of cultural heritage amongst young people

Reducing obstacles to young people's access to culture

Policies/programmes/initiatives, their objectives and outcomes, and target groups

The Students Cultural Centres (SCCs) subordinated to the Ministry of Youth and Sports organise every year a large number of cultural events opened to young people. According to their communication to the National Correspondent for Youth Wiki, each of them organises over 40 events every year, with an average number of 2,000 young people benefiting from each of the cultural activities, with 5,000 to 10,000 individual beneficiaries and with several hundreds of young creators involved. Activities include all cultural fields: different music genres (folk, pop, rock, classical), visual arts with a special focus on photography, theatre, dance, literature and poetry.

 

Moreover, the SCCs, the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Education are supporting Students Organisations to implement two National Students Festivals: Unifest (organised by the Union of Students in Romania) and Studențiada (organised by the National Union of Students in Romania). During the two festivals several events are organised and over 100,000 students per year have free access to movies, theatres, concerts, museums and exhibitions.

 

The "George Apostu" Cultural Centre in Bacau implements every year the project 'The Book Show. Public Readings', aiming to involve as many young people as possible in public readings. Thus, young people have the opportunity to get in touch directly with the Centre's guest writers. The project is implemented as an itinerary in several Moldovan (East Romania) cities, making it possible for the Romanian writers to meet with a diverse audience and for a larger number of young people to have access to contemporary literature. However, data are not available regarding the total number of participants to the project.

 

On the other hand, all the cultural institutions subordinated to the Ministry of Culture and National Identity are offering access to their activities and exhibitions with reduce prices for pupils and students. However, free access for young people is not a common practice among cultural institutions and there are no programmes implemented with this aim. On the other hand, free access to cultural events, museums and exhibitions is generally granted to young people that are pupils or students to culture related specialties at the secondary or tertiary education level.

 

Main lines of public funding

For the respective institutions (the SCCs and the cultural institutions subordinated to the Ministry of Culture and National Identity) fund all the initiatives mentioned above, using two different fund sources:

  • the transfers from the state budget, received from the coordinating Ministry
  • their own revenues from tickets to cultural events or exhibitions or other activities (renting their spaces)

 

The student festivals of the student organisations are funded by the Students Cultural Centres (SCCs) with subsidies from the state budget transferred directly for the purpose by the Ministry of Youth and Sports.

 

Disseminating information on cultural opportunities

Description of the policies/programmes/initiatives, their objectives and outcomes, and target groups

Based on the communication of the National Correspondent for Youth Wiki with the Ministry of Culture and National Identity and the Ministry of Youth and Sports, no initiative could be identified having as main aim informing young people about opportunities to access cultural environments. All projects funded by the Students Cultural Centres (SCCs) and having as aim increasing the access to cultural events included activities to inform on cultural opportunities.

 

Knowledge of cultural heritage amongst young people

Policies/programmes/initiatives, their objectives and outcomes, and target groups

Several Students Cultural Centres organise large festivals of folk Romanian music each year, with the participation of young artists and a public of over 5,000 students to each of these festivals (according to their communication to the National Correspondent for Youth Wiki).

 

Excepting the dedicated funding of the Administration of the National Cultural Fund (presented in chapter '8.5. Developing cultural and creative competences'), no national policy or programme is dedicated to the support for young people to discover and appreciate the cultural and artistic heritage of European countries in general and of Romania especially.

 

Cultural institutions under the Ministry of Culture and National Identity carry out several initiatives for knowledge of cultural heritage amongst young people (as they reported to the Ministry of Culture after the request sent by the National Correspondent for Youth Wiki):

  • Two multiannual projects implemented in Bucharest named: '5 Museums, 5 Highs Schools' and '5 Theatres, 5 High Schools' allow the access and organisation of educational activities for pupils from 5 high schools (upper secondary education) from Bucharest;
  • The Cinematographic Creative Studio in Bucharest organises in October, since 2015, a series of workshops under the title: 'Cinema for all' opened for free to the public;
  • The National Museum Complex "Moldova" organises museum pedagogy programs, with periodically updated themes;
  • The National Museum of Natural History 'Grigore Antipa' implemented 9 projects in 2016 representing temporal exhibitions targeting essentially young people;
  • The National Museum of the Eastern Carpathians (Sfântu Gheorghe, Covasna county) implemented 11 museum pedagogy programs in 2016, independent or in partnership with high schools in Covasna, Brașov and Harghita counties;
  • The National History Museum of Romania (Bucharest) implemented 4 museum pedagogy programs in 2016 and receive young volunteers to be involved in its activities;
  • The National Museum of History of Transylvania (Cluj-Napoca) implemented 21 projects in 2016 representing temporal exhibitions targeting essentially young people;
  • The “George Enescu” National Museum (Bucharest) implemented 5 museum pedagogy programs in 2016, independent or in partnership with high schools;
  • The National Village Museum “Dimitrie Gusti” (Bucharest) implemented 5 museum pedagogy programs in 2016 with several components
  • The Hungarian State Theatre in Cluj implements since 2015 an educational project for children and young people, including workshops having young people as the main target;
  • The “Marin Sorescu” National Theatre (Craiova) implements a programme including workshops having young people as the main target named “SpectActor Meetings”;
  • The National Theatre in Târgu Mureş organises theatre classes in the schools and high schools in the town and county and receives young volunteers (reporting 124 young volunteers in 2016) to be involved in its activities;
  • The “Mihai Eminescu” National Theatre (Timisoara) organises theatre classes in the schools and high schools in the town and county and implements two programmes including workshops having young people.
  • The “George Apostu” Cultural Centre in Bacau implements every year the programme 'Culture-Education, Education-Culture', organising workshops and cultural events for young people
  • The National Museum of Maps and Old Books (Bucharest) organised trainings for creativity in painting, graphics, sculpture, drawing in partnership with an art high school and other projects as: 'the class in the museum' for children and young people.

 

However, data are not available regarding the total number of participants to all these projects and programmes.

 

Main lines of public funding

All the programmes and projects presented above are funded by the state budget, through the budgets of:

  • the Ministry of Youth and Sports, transferred to its subordinated Students Cultural Centres;
  • the Ministry of Culture and National Identity, transferred to its subordinated cultural institutions.

 

The museums and theatres subordinated to the Ministry of Culture and National Identity are funding their activities using their own revenues, in order to complement available funds from the national budget.

 

The Administration of the National Cultural Fund grants funding from the National Cultural Fund (based on provisions of the Govermnent Ordinance no. 51/1998 on the funding of cultural projects, programmes and activities). „Education through culture” is one of the funding priorities. The National Cultural Fund is built by contributions from revenues of cultural enterprises, e.g.: 3% of the revenues of economic operators from the sale of postcards or postcards, posters, posters and stickers; 2% of the revenues of economic operators from the sale imported cultural goods, popular art products etc.