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The National Employment Agency functioning under the Ministry of Work and Social Protection, offers through its local offices career guidance and counselling services for each unemployed person, including for young people.
These counselling services targeting young unemployed people have been included in the Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan, and therefore there are closely monitored, being reinforced by this plan and supplementary monitoring.
Career guidance and counselling services are also provided for young people in education and training.
Public career guidance and counselling services targeting young people take place:
- mainly, within the premises of local offices of the National Employment Agency, for young unemployed people through providing information regarding the available schemes: Youth Guarantee, career counselling, internship opportunities.
- secondary, within the formal education institutions, if a counsellor is employed by the local council for the school and by the universities. The counsellor is an education specialist who plans and carries out counselling individual or group education aimed at adapting the pupil to specific problems in school environment; implements career education programs for the purpose of training competencies in the fields covered by the curricular area ‘Counselling and guidance’; organises programs extracurricular of vocational orientation; promotes and implements education programs for health care aimed at training and developing students' lifestyle management skills.
- tertiary, within the information and counselling centres organised by the county offices of the Ministry of Youth and Sports, if qualified staff is employed by these county offices for counselling youth on career. However, for this type of counselling, there is no formal or systematic informal cooperation between the Youth and Sports County Offices and the County and Local Employment Agency Offices.
There is no specific group in the youth population targeted by career and job search guidance. However, for young people not in employment, education or training (NEETs) special funding is available for these services provided by the local offices of the National Employment Agency, making this target group one of the most important.
Funding for career guiding and counselling provided by the public employment services is ensured by a special budgetary fund of social insurance. The value of funding for the career guiding and counselling for young people cannot be determined in the total budget of the National Employment Agency for active employment measures.
According to the National Employment Agency reports for 2018, the total amount allocated for employment measures have been over 8 629 000 lei in 2018, with 77,22% expenditures actually made. The amount grew from 178 million lei (up to 40 million Euro) used in 2012 for the same measures, according to the 2012 annual report of the NEA to 273 million lei (about 60 million Euro) in 2016 and over 238 milion lei (about 51 million Euro) in 2017, according to the annual report, but was reduced to less than 2 million Euro in 2018.
This budget reduction can be compensated by the European Social Fund projects supported by the Operational Programme Human Capital:
- in 2018, the project ACTIMOB 1 suported registration and support for young NEETs with a budget of 2 112 246 lei (about 470 000 Euro)
- in 2018-2021, the project ACTIMOB 2 supports suported registration and support for young NEETs with a budget of 227 783 035 lei (over 49 500 000 Euro)
- in 2017-2019, the project ACTIMOB NEETs supported registration and support for young NEETs with a budget of 40 866 509 Euro
- in 2019-2021, the project ACTIMOB 3 supported registration and support for young NEETs with a budget of 57 126 603 Euro Euro.
Due to the form of budgets of public institutions in Romania, it is not possible to determine the amount allocated only for career guidance and counselling services for young people in schools, universities and the information and counselling centres.
In schools and universities the costs for these services are included in staff wages.
In the information and counselling centres these costs are included in the total subsidy from the Ministry of youth and Sports, and in the staff wages of the county offices for sport and youth. These subsidies reached 200 000 Euro in 2016 but decreased to less than 40 000 Euro (180 000 lei) in 2018 and less than 32 000 Euro (150 000 lei) in 2019, according to the budget for 2018 and 2019.
The quality assurance mechanisms and results used by the National Employment Agency or by the schools in providing career counselling, if any, are not publically available.
For the information and counselling centres organised by the county offices of the Ministry of Youth and Sports, the Ministry monitors and can inspect the centres. The outcome of this monitoring process have been centralised and made publically available only in 2016. The result of this monitoring has been a set of general recommendations for the centres regarding their infrastructure and the need to employ qualified youth workers and counsellors.