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YouthWiki

EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Romania

Romania

4. Social Inclusion

4.2 Administration and governance

On this page
  1. Governance
  2. Cross-sectorial cooperation

Governance

Main actors involved in youth social inclusion

The main top-level governmental authority responsible for youth social inclusion are:

 

Trade unions, employers’ organisations and NGOs participate in policy making in the field of youth social inclusion using three main methods:

  1. the National Council For Youth (NCFY) created in 2020 as an advisory body for the Ministry of Youth and Sports, composed by 50 representatives of youth civil society organisations (presented in section 5.3 of Youth Wiki). The council has a committee dedicated to youth social inclusion.
  2. ad-hoc consultative meetings, mainly with NGOs
  3. the Economic and Social Council, a consultative body of the Parliament and the Government, organised as an autonomous tripartite public institution of national interest, having the function of an advisory board for all bills in the social or economic field. 

 

There are three types of organisations participating to the Economic and Social Council:

  1. nationally representative trade unions, according to the Law no. 62/2011 on social dialogue;
  2. nationally representative employers associations, according to the Law no. 62/2011 on social dialogue;
  3. NGOs appointed by the Minister of Labour, according to representation criteria. However, the criteria are not public. An umbrella youth organisation: the Romanian Youth Council is part of the Economic and Social Council.

 

In ad-hoc meetings the participation of NGOs is more important.

 

UNICEF office in Romania is also active, providing information, studies and advices at the level of policy planning as well as testing and piloting social assistance models at local level. Their models are targeting primarily children, but young people (14-35 years old) are also an important target group for UNICEF office in Romania. 

 

General distribution of responsabilities

Concering the general distribution of resposabilities, the main governance approach to youth social inclusion is mainly top-down, but distribution of social benefits at local level and some of the basic social services are provided by the local authorities. The main responsabilities are as follows:

 

Central authorities have a regulatory responsibility in the field of services and can also allocate limited financial resources from the central state budget for accredited organisations that provide such services, according to Law no. 34/1998 on providing subventions to Romanian associations and foundations with legal personality, which establishes and administers social assistance units.

 

The governance approach to youth social inclusion is top-down concerning policy development and decentralised in implementation. Local Public Assistance Services in the structure of local administration and authorised certified NGOs are directly providing social assistance and paying social benefits.

 

Cross-sectorial cooperation

There are three mechanisms of cross-sectorial cooperation between Ministries, Departments, and Agencies involved in defining top-level policies and measures on youth employment and entrepreneurship:

  1. Ad-hoc meetings
  2. Ad-hoc inter-ministerial committees organised on different topics according to the bill in preparation.
  3. The Monitoring Committee of the Operational Programme Human Capacity (OPHU), the programme including social assistance and social inclusion measures from the European Social Fund and the Youth Employment Initiative. The Monitoring Committee of OPHU is an important cooperation mechanism, as this programme funds many strategic initiatives and projects in the field of youth social inclusion.

 

No evidence and public documents are available on the results of the cross-sector cooperation mechanisms presented.