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The Youth Pact 2017-2020 (Plan d'action national de la jeunesse 2017-2020) guides the political action taken by the government relating to youth. It was published in 2017 and covers the period from 2017 to 2020. The Youth Pact addresses young people, as defined in the 2016 Youth Law (Art. 3) (persons no longer attending primary education or special schools (usually at the age of 12) who are younger than 30 years). The 2012 Youth Pact (Pacte pour la Jeunesse 2012-2014) was the first national youth strategy that covers the period from 2012 to 2014.
The Youth Pact 2017-2020 deals with the transition from youth into adulthood. Just like its predecessor, the 2012 Youth Pact, the 2017-2020 Youth Pact draws on the results of the national report on the situation of young people. According to the participatory approach of youth policy, different ministries, the young people themselves, the National Assembly of Young People, various youth organisations and youth services working with young people or on their behalf, actively participated in this extensive counselling process to set up the Youth Pact. The Youth Pact 2017-2020 is implemented by the inter-ministerial committee of youth and is also monitored on an annual basis by this committee. The methods and procedures of monitoring are to be defined by the inter-ministerial committee. The Youth Pact 2017-2020 defines political objectives with regard to three domains: (1) school-to-work transitions, (2) housing transitions and (3) participation. The different objectives in these three domains as follows:
1. Facilitate the transition into the working world
- Improve knowledge on risk groups
- Make use of the results of research on young people at risk (HBSC, NEET)
- Facilitate and strengthen the communication and reflection between the actors in formal and non-formal education on groups at risk
- Strengthen the capacity of youth with limited resources in formal and non-formal education
- Facilitate the exchange between actors in the field of formal and non-formal education in order to set up a platform of youth work
- Develop and conceptualise offers of youth work in schools
- Develop the 'Guarantee for Youth' scheme in conjunction with the labour and employment sector
- Increase the visibility and quality of measures in the domain of outreach activities, activation, training and support of young people in NEET status and school dropouts
- Analyse and optimise politics and practices of education and career guidance in accordance to labour market demands
- Promote trainings and measures which prepare young people for the future in the context of the digitalisation of the working life
- Develop the concertation between the political stakeholders in order to formalise a sustainable strategy of the Youth Guarantee
2. Youth and housing
- Developing and formalising a common intersectoral policy on housing for young people
- Strengthen the development of autonomy of young people in the institution of the 'Aide à l'Enfance' in the framework of a development of a reference framework on 'Aide à l'enfance'
- Adoption of an intersectoral memorandum of understanding which formalises the political engagement for the monitoring of housing infrastructures requirements for young people who face a difficult transition
- Increasing youth housing for youth at risk
- Increase the number of housing offers for young people in an open setting ('services de logement encadré en milieu ouvert')
- Increase the number of housing offers for young people who face a difficult transition
- Facilitating the creation of alternative forms of housing for young people
- Facilitate the development of alternative housing offers for young people by analysing the current regulation and by setting up a regulatory system that is better adapted to the needs of young people
3. Strengthen the participation of all young people
- Positioning youth participation in formal and non-formal education
- Promote the development of a thematic expertise of the actors in the field of non-formal education in the domain of democracy, values, and participation
- Develop a coherent approach for the participation and active citizenship of pupils in schools
- Develop further the method of structured dialogue, both for youth organisations and young people who are not members
- Develop inclusive participation for particular target groups
- Encourage the development of models for inclusive participation by using the existing tools (funding schemes, trainings, contracts, publications, pilot projects)
- Promote the development of concepts and methods of youth work in order to foster the inclusion of young people with disabilities
- Foster the cultural participation of young people by making use of their inclusive potential
- Strengthen the capacity of stakeholders through participation in networking
- Create a platform to set up a network for all actors involved in promoting the participation and citizenship of young people.
Besides these specific objectives, a general objective of the Youth Pact is to strengthen youth work and the dialogue between the different stakeholders in the youth field (ministries, administrations). Although the Youth Pact 2017-2020 addresses all young people living in Luxembourg, it also focuses on specific groups of young people with fewer opportunities (e.g. low-skilled and unemployed young people, young people at risk of poverty, young people facing difficulties in obtaining affordable housing or young people with health risks/problems).
The youth department within the ministry of Education, Children and Youth is the responsible authority for the implementation of the youth strategy. It also supervises the implementation of the Youth Pact and its actions. Interdepartmental agreements formalise the collaboration between the participating ministries and other public stakeholders on specific issues and actions to be implemented. These agreements will serve to clarify the objectives, define joint actions and the roles of partners and provide the necessary resources in order to implement the actions for a defined period. Furthermore, the youth department is in charge of the coordination of the interdepartmental committee for youth. The committee is composed of representatives from different ministries in charge of education, work, health, family, housing, sports, gender equality, culture and justice have joined forces to mutually lay the foundation for the Youth Pact: The political actions had been developed in the different ministries and are (according to the principle of evidence-based policy) based on the results of the national report on the situation of young people in Luxembourg (rapport national sur la situation de la jeunesse au Luxembourg). This was accompanied by a large participatory process involving young people themselves, the National Assembly of Young People, as well as representatives of youth organisations and youth services working with young people or on their behalf.
The current strategy was preceded by the 2012 Youth Pact which outlined five action fields and defined different objectives to support the young people of Luxembourg. Specifically, these action fields were:
- Manage the transition from school to the labour market
- Achieve a successful start in adult life
- Foster the well-being of young people
- Establish young people as stakeholders
- Scientific monitoring of youth policy.
Whereas the 2012 Youth Pact had a quite broad approach and covered many different topics and policy areas, its successor, the 2017-2020 Youth Pact, is focused on youth transitions. It is guided by a more explicit objective of supporting young people to a successful transition from youth to adulthood.