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The Youth Pact 2017-2020 (Plan d'action national de la jeunesse 2017-2020) guides the political action taken by the government relating to youth. It was published in 2017 and covers the period from 2017 to 2020. The Youth Pact addresses young people, as defined in the 2016 Youth Law (Art. 3) (persons no longer attending primary education or special schools (usually at the age of 12) who are younger than 30 years). The 2012 Youth Pact (Pacte pour la Jeunesse 2012-2014) was the first national youth strategy that covers the period from 2012 to 2014. The national action plan on youth (2022-2025) is the next national youth strategy. It is currently in preparation and will be published in spring 2022 and implemented in due course (see: Revisions/updates).
The Youth Pact 2017-2020 deals with the transition from youth into adulthood. Just like its predecessor, the 2012 Youth Pact, the 2017-2020 Youth Pact draws on the results of the national report on the situation of young people. According to the participatory approach of youth policy, different ministries, the young people themselves, the National Assembly of Young People, various youth organisations and youth services working with young people or on their behalf, actively participated in this extensive counselling process to set up the Youth Pact. The Youth Pact 2017-2020 is implemented by the inter-ministerial committee of youth and is also monitored on an annual basis by this committee. The methods and procedures of monitoring are to be defined by the inter-ministerial committee. The Youth Pact 2017-2020 defines political objectives with regard to three domains: (1) school-to-work transitions, (2) housing transitions and (3) participation. The different objectives in these three domains are as follows:
1. Facilitate the transition into the working world
- Improve knowledge on risk groups
- Make use of the results of research on young people at risk (HBSC, NEET)
- Facilitate and strengthen the communication and reflection between the actors in formal and non-formal education on groups at risk
- Strengthen the capacity of youth with limited resources in formal and non-formal education
- Facilitate the exchange between actors in the field of formal and non-formal education in order to set up a platform for youth work
- Develop and conceptualise offers of youth work in schools
- Develop the 'Guarantee for Youth' scheme in conjunction with the labour and employment sector
- Increase the visibility and quality of measures in the domain of outreach activities, activation, training and support of young people in NEET status and school dropouts
- Analyse and optimise politics and practices of education and career guidance in accordance with labour market demands
- Promote trainings and measures which prepare young people for the future in the context of the digitalisation of the working life
- Develop the concertation between the political stakeholders in order to formalise a sustainable strategy of the Youth Guarantee
2. Youth and housing
- Developing and formalising a common intersectoral policy on housing for young people
- Strengthen the development of autonomy of young people in the institution of the 'Aide à l'enfance'
- Adoption of an intersectoral memorandum of understanding which formalises the political engagement for the monitoring of housing infrastructures requirements for young people who face a difficult transition
- Increasing youth housing for youth at risk
- Increase the number of housing offers for young people in an open setting ('services de logement encadré en milieu ouvert')
- Increase the number of housing offers for young people who face a difficult transition
- Facilitating the creation of alternative forms of housing for young people
- Facilitate the development of alternative housing offers for young people by analysing the current regulation and by setting up a regulatory system that is better adapted to the needs of young people
3. Strengthen the participation of all young people
- Positioning youth participation in formal and non-formal education
- Promote the development of thematic expertise of actors in the field of non-formal education in the domain of democracy, values, and participation
- Develop a coherent approach for the participation and active citizenship of pupils in schools
- Further develop the method of structured dialogue, both for youth organisations and young people who are not members
- Develop inclusive participation for particular target groups
- Encourage the development of models for inclusive participation by using the existing tools (funding schemes, trainings, contracts, publications, pilot projects)
- Promote the development of concepts and methods of youth work as a means to foster the inclusion of young people with disabilities
- Foster the cultural participation of young people by making use of their inclusive potential
- Strengthen the capacity of stakeholders through participation in networking
- Create a platform to set up a network for all actors involved in promoting the participation and citizenship of young people.
Besides these specific objectives, a general objective of the Youth Pact is to strengthen youth work and the dialogue between the different stakeholders in the youth field (ministries, administrations). Although the Youth Pact 2017-2020 addresses all young people living in Luxembourg, it also focuses on specific groups of young people with fewer opportunities (e.g. low-skilled and unemployed young people, young people at risk of poverty, young people facing difficulties in obtaining affordable housing or young people with health risks/problems).
The youth department within the ministry of Education, Children and Youth is the responsible authority for the implementation of the youth strategy. It also supervises the implementation of the Youth Pact and its actions. Interdepartmental agreements formalise the collaboration between the participating ministries and other public stakeholders on specific issues and actions to be implemented. These agreements will serve to clarify the objectives, define joint actions and the roles of partners and provide the necessary resources to implement the actions for a defined period. Furthermore, the youth department is in charge of the coordination of the interdepartmental committee for youth. The committee is composed of representatives from different ministries in charge of education, work, health, family, housing, sports, gender equality, culture and justice who have joined forces to mutually lay the foundation for the Youth Pact. The political actions had been developed in the different ministries and are (according to the principle of evidence-based policy) based on the results of the national report on the situation of young people in Luxembourg. This was accompanied by a large participatory process involving young people themselves, the National Assembly of Young People, as well as representatives of youth organisations and youth services working with young people or on their behalf.
The national action plan on youth (2022-2025) will guide the political action in the next years. The plan is not yet finalised, but the main principles and objectives envisaged can already be highlighted. The national plan on youth (NAP) (2022-2025) will focus on the reinforcement of well-being and underline the importance of well-being for young people. The NAP will define concrete actions in the psycho-socio educational fields to positively affect the well-being of young people. The "well-being approach" of this NAP focuses on personal development and the strengthening of young people's socio-emotional skills. This approach is in line with the intervention logic of the two existing reference frameworks, which guide psycho-socio educational support:
- The common reference framework for psycho-social support and extracurricular activities in secondary schools (Cadre de référence commun pour l'accompagnement psycho-social et l'offre périscolaire dans les lycées)
- The national reference framework for non-formal education for children and young people (Cadre de référence national sur l'éducation non formelle des enfants et des jeunes).
The focus of the NAP lies on the young person and his/her resources, skills and experiences gained in different social environments, such as family, school, leisure club or among other young people. The educational approach is defined as an active process in everyday life: learning by doing, considering individual needs and intrests, and participation in decision-making processes. Regarding educational and prevention objectives, three priority areas of intervention are defined:
- Well-being in the school environment
- Strengthening socio-educational activities (youth work)
- Collaboration and networking of various actors.
Several measures will be strengthened and improved in conjuction with the new interventions based on the recommendations of the youth report and the numerous consultations. They will be implemented in complementarity with other action plans of the Luxembourgish government related to well-being.