8.1 General context
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Over the last decade, the landscape of cultural offerings has been greatly modified and expanded in Luxembourg. The inauguration of new cultural venues, such as the MUDAM (museum of contemporary art), the Rockhal (concert halls and rehearsal rooms), the Rotondes (cultural centre for visual arts, conferences, group projects and workshops), the Philharmonie (concert hall), and the Trifolion and Cube 521 (cultural event halls), demonstrates the increase of cultural offers in Luxembourg. Luxembourg’s nomination for European Capital of Culture in 1995 and 2007 has affected this development, as it has pushed investment into culture in a sustainable way. The establishment of the university in 2003 has also had an impact on cultural practices in Luxembourg, since students and graduates should be familiar with cultural places and highly interested in becoming involved in cultural projects and activities (Borsenberger, 2014).
The Eurobarometer survey in 2014 shows that a high share of young people in Luxembourg participate in activities of cultural organisations and that cultural activities (such as visiting a museum, cinema, concert or theatre) are very important in young people’s lives (European Commission, 2015). A survey in 2017 shows that a share of 13% of young people is member of a cultural organization and a share of 23 % is member of a youth organization; the proportions correspond approximately to the average in the EU member states (European Commission, 2018).
The results of a survey on culture in Luxembourg show that young people under 25 years of age rate the current cultural offers, and also the development of the cultural landscape in Luxembourg through the past 10 years less positive than the older age groups. In the age group under 25 a share of 59% rates the development of the cultural offers very or rather positive, in the age group 55-64 the share is significantly higher (86%) (TNS Ilres, 2016). These different evaluations could be an indication that new cultural offers rather meet the needs of the older generation than the younger generation.
There are no specific concepts related to creativity and culture.