8.4 Promoting culture and cultural participation
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Lázár Ervin Programme
Starting in 2019, the Lázár Ervin Programme (Lázár Ervin Program) offers free access to theatre, dance, circus, classical music concerts and wildlife exhibitions to all primary school students in grades 1 to 8, regardless of their social status and place of residence, once per school year. Its budget was HUF 4.8 billion (EUR 12.1 million) for 2022 and HUF 3.3 billion (EUR 8.3 million) for 2023.
The EU tender under the previous 2007-2013 cycle's Social Infrastructure Operational Programme TIOP 1.2.1. 'AGORA' (TIOP 1.2.1 - AGÓRA) aimed at the creation of a network of Agóras,
- to integrate community culture, social, educational and experience functions, and
- to create a counselling service to improve smaller settlements' cultural and community cultural basic services.
14 county towns have participated in the programme (the funding was supplemented by additional EU and national sources) ('Agórák és térségük').
The project ended with the end of the financial cycle, but the cities committed to continue operating the institutions with their original purpose for at least 12 more years. Although the project was targeting the general population, Agóras are often mentioned in relation to the institutional background of youth policy, as youth tasks of municipalities were often carried out there ('25 év - Jelentés az ifjúságügyről'). (For additional information see sub-chapter 8.5 Developing cultural and creative competences.)
'Hangfoglaló [Sound Conqueror] Programme'
One of the flagship youth culture programme since 2017 has been the 'Hangfoglaló Programme' ('Hangfoglaló Program') (which is the successor of the Cseh Tamás Programme after 2014) administered by the temporary division of the National Cultural Fund (Nemzeti Kulturális Alap). (For more information about the National Cultural Fund please see sub-chapter 8.2 Administration and governance.)
The programme aims to support Hungarian popular music through its nine sub-programmes. These support the following activities:
- starting bands,
- operation of countryside clubs, countryside and community TVs and radios, as well as print and online media,
- international tours and promotion (these sub-programmes are based on tendering),
- preserving the Hungarian popular music heritage,
- musical management education, and
- supporting countryside talent search events.
Besides supporting young bands and music creation, the programme also regularly offers events for the public to present products that received funding.
Dissemination of culture-related programmes for young people mainly takes part in the currently existing infrastructure of community culture, public education and Integrated Community Service Spaces. The role of the Petőfi Cultural Agency (Petőfi Kulturális Ügynökség) has to be emphasised also here, mostly in relation with its activities in the field of popular culture, for example by operating the Hungarian Popular Cultural Repository (Magyar Popkulturális Értéktár) that aims to raise the awareness of the Hungarian popular music scene at a museological level. Moreover, the Office of the Creative Europe Programme also offers information on certain cultural events.
As mentioned before, young people's discovery and appreciation of the cultural and artistic heritage appears among the tasks of the local governments, and – besides public education – it is mostly carried out through the network of public collections and community cultural institutions. (For more information see sub-chapter 8.2 Administration and governance.)
The most important public awareness raising campaign is the Cultural Heritage Days (Kulturális Örökség Napjai). The programme has no specific target groups besides those interested in cultural heritage, and is operated by the Prime Minister's Office (Miniszterelnökség). Through the programme the participating institutions offer free entrance and special events for the participants.