8.4 Promoting culture and cultural participation
On this page
On this page
'Cultural Adventure' Programme
As stated previously in sub-chapter 8.1 General context - Main concepts, young people's access to culture is realised mainly through the system of basic cultural care (community culture), where school-age children are a specific target group. The 'Cultural Adventure' ('Kultúrkaland') programme is administered by the State Secretariat for Culture (Kultúráért Felelős Államtitkárság) and supported by
- the State Secretariat for Public Education (Oktatásért Felelős Államtitkárság),
- the Hungarian State Opera (Magyar Állami Operaház) and its Erkel Programme Office,
- a number of public collections,
- the Hungarian railways (MÁV-csoport) and
- the Centre for Budapest Transport (Budapesti Közlekedési Központ).
The content of the programme may be defined as lessons outside the classroom if the school's curriculum allows it.
Lázár Ervin Programme
Starting in 2019, the Lázár Ervin Programme (Lázár Ervin Program) offers free access to theatre, dance, circus, classical music concerts and wildlife exhibitions to all primary school students in grades 1 to 8, regardless of their social status and place of residence, once per school year. To this end, the Government has allocated a one-time grant of HUF 6 billion (EUR 16.95 million) in 2019 and HUF 5.55 billion (EUR 15.684 million) per year from 2020 onwards, guaranteeing the sustainability of the programme.
'Cultural institutions for the success of public education'
A similar goal was set by the EU-funded project of 'Cultural institutions for the success of public education' [HRDOP-3.3.2-16 (EFOP-3.3.2-16) and CCHOP-7.3.4-17 (VEKOP-7.3.4-17) in the central region]. The project was financed by the 2014-2020 operational programmes. Institutions could apply for funding till October 2018.
The project aimed to support educational institutions through
- and informal learning activities provided by cultural institutions.
The target groups of the programme were
- primary and
- secondary school children.
It has a budget of HUF 7 billion through HRDOP and HUF 750 million through CCHOP (about EUR 22.6 million and EUR 2.4 million).
'AGORA – for the creation of infrastructural conditions of multifunctional community centres and regional community cultural consulting service'
The EU tender under the previous 2007-2013 cycle's Social Infrastructure Operational Programme TIOP 1.2.1. 'AGORA – for the creation of infrastructural conditions of multifunctional community centres and regional community cultural consulting service' (TIOP 1.2.1 - AGÓRA - Multifunkcionális közösségi központok és területi közművelődési tanácsadó szolgálat infrastrukturális feltételeinek kialakítása) aimed at the creation of a network of Agóras,
- to integrate community culture, social, educational and experience functions, and
- to create a counselling service to improve smaller settlements' cultural and community cultural basic services.
14 county towns have participated ('Agórák és térségük') in the programme (the funding was supplemented by additional EU and national sources), and Agóras, in addition to the above-mentioned functions were to take part in
- organising cultural events of the regions,
- compile and operate databases related to the regional cultural and creative industries, and
- contribute to regional and municipal strategies, especially in relation to culture, tourism and local development.
The project ended with the end of the financial cycle, but the cities committed to continue operating the institutions with their original purpose for at least 12 more years. Although the project was targeting the general population, Agóras are often mentioned in relation to the institutional background of youth policy ('25 év - Jelentés az ifjúságügyről'), as youth tasks of municipalities were often carried out there. (For additional information see sub-chapter 8.5 Developing cultural and creative competences.)
- to increase social activity;
- to strengthen social engagement in the settlements involved;
- to strengthen connections between municipal governments, cultural institutions and inhabitants;
- to upgrade the levels of the culture of cooperation.
In order to achieve these goals, the method of cultural community development has been used, and professional/methodological support is provided for the municipalities and their cultural institutions and/or NGOs. Relevant parts of the project included
- fostering the social accessibility of cultural institutions,
- creating a network of cultural community development mentors, and
- fostering the cooperation of cultural institutions.
The project's funding was a gross amount of HUF 3 billion (about EUR 9.7 million) and though the project was targeting the general population, many funded activities targeted youth participation. Notably, the Methodological Guide for Socialised Operation of Cultural Institutions ('Kulturális intézmények társadalmiasított működtetése - Módszertani útmutató') that was published under the project, has a chapter on successful operation of youth clubs.
'Hangfoglaló [Sound Conqueror] Programme'
One of the flagship youth culture programme since 2017 has been the 'Hangfoglaló Programme' ('Hangfoglaló Program') (which is the successor of the Cseh Tamás Programme after 2014) administered by the temporary division of the National Cultural Fund (Nemzeti Kulturális Alap). (For more information about the National Cultural Fund please see sub-chapter 8.2 Administration and governance.) The programme aims to support Hungarian popular music through its nine sub-programmes. These support the following activities:
- starting bands,
- operation of countryside clubs, countryside and community TVs and radios, as well as print and online media,
- international tours and promotion (these sub-programmes are based on tendering),
- preserving the Hungarian popular music heritage,
- musical management education, and
- supporting countryside talent search events.
Besides supporting young bands and music creation, the programme also regularly offers events for the public to present products that received funding.
Dissemination of culture-related programmes for young people mainly takes part in the currently existing infrastructure of community culture, public education and Integrated Community Service Spaces. The role of the Elisabeth Youth Foundation also has to be emphasised here, since they provide various information relevant for young people, and the Foundation's website (Erzsébet Ifjúsági Alap) regularly reports about opportunities related to creativity and culture. (For more information on the Elisabeth Youth Foundation see sub-chapter 4.7 Youth work to foster social inclusion.) Moreover, the Office of the Creative Europe Programme also offers information on certain cultural events.
As mentioned before, young people's discovery and appreciation of the cultural and artistic heritage appears among the tasks of the local governments, and – besides public education – it is mostly carried out through the network of public collections and community cultural institutions. (For more information see sub-chapter 8.2 Administration and governance.)
The most important public awareness raising campaign is the Hungarian programme of the European Heritage Days (Kulturális Örökség Napjai – Cultural Heritage Days). The programme has no specific target groups besides those interested in cultural heritage, and is operated by the Prime Minister's Office (Miniszterelnökség). Through the programme the participating institutions offer free entrance and special events for the participants.