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EACEA National Policies Platform


7. Health and Well-Being

7.1 General context

Last update: 27 October 2020
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  1. Main trends in the health conditions of young people
  2. Main concepts

Main trends in the health conditions of young people

The Health Transformation Program (Sağlıkta Dönüşüm Programı) put into practice in 2003 is a comprehensive program taking into consideration all efforts that have been made so far and aiming at producing the most suitable solutions with democratic decision processes. The transformation is aimed at organizing and providing health services in an effective, productive and equal manner, and providing financing for health services in the same way. During the achievement of its mentioned goals, the Health Transformation Program (Sağlıkta Dönüşüm Programı) takes into consideration the "Health for All in the 21st Century" policy of the World Health Organization, the ‘Accession Partnership Document’ released by the European Union, and various other international experiences. Through the Health Transformation Programs being implemented, the ratio of addicted young people (aged between 0-14), which was 46.3% in 2000, decreased gradually and fell to 37.5% in 2011.

Protecting children and young people from the harmful effects of alcohol is among the strategic goals of the Health Transformation Program (Sağlıkta Dönüşüm Programı). Accordingly, the National Tobacco Control Program and Action Plan (Ulusal Tütün Kontrol Programı ve Eylem Planı) was drafted. The National Tobacco Control Program and Action Plan (Ulusal Tütün Kontrol Programı ve Eylem Planı) is aimed at raising awareness among the public, primarily children and young people, in order to protect them from the harmful effects of alcohol.

The Ministry of Health and the Turkish Armed Forces have launched collaborative activities on training men in reproductive health and family planning. In this context, ‘training of trainers’ was provided to 4,000 military health personnel of the Turkish Armed Forces so that they can provide advisory training in the field of reproductive health and family planning to soldiers performing their military duties. Through these trained personnel, training activities on reproductive health have been launched in all units. Thus, every year, 500,000 young men go back to their homes having received reproductive health training. According to the Turkey Health Transformation Program Assessment Report (Türkiye Sağlıkta Dönüşüm Programı Değerlendirme Raporu) (2003-2011), over 4 million soldiers performing their military duties have received this training between 2004 and the end of 2011.


Main concepts

Health: Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. With regard to health promotion and development, health is considered as a resource enabling people to sustain an individually, socially and economically productive life, and as an instrument to reach a state that can be explained with functional terms rather than being an abstract state. Health is a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. It is a positive concept highlighting the social and personal resources as well as physical capacity.

Health promotion and development: Health promotion and development is the process of increasing the control of people over their own health and ensuring that they improve their health.

Health for all: Health for all is an approach based on letting all people in the world access a level of health enabling them to sustain a socially and economically productive life.

Public health: Public health is the science and art of promoting and improving health, preventing diseases, and extending life through the organized efforts of public.

Primary healthcare services: Primary healthcare services refers to an obligatory health service that is accessible and affordable by a country or a nation through practical, scientifically valid and socially acceptable methods.

Prevention of diseases: Prevention of diseases do not only cover  measures aiming to prevent the emerging of diseases such as mitigating the risk factors, but also measures to stop the progress of a disease and reduce its results once it occurs.

Health training: Health training is composed of consciously structured opportunities to allow learning. It embodies a communication style designed to improve health literacy covering topics such as increasing knowledge and developing life skills to support the health of individuals and public.

Health communication: Health communication is a key strategy to inform the public about health concerns and to maintain important health issues on the public agenda. The use of the mass and multimedia and other technological innovations to disseminate useful health information to the public, increases awareness of specific aspects of individual and collective health as well as importance of health in development.

Health development: Health development is the process of progressive improvement of health status of individuals and groups in a population.

Health gain: Health gain is a way to express improved health outcomes. It can be used to reflect the relative advantage of one form of health intervention over another in producing the greatest health gain.

Health literacy: Health literacy refers to the skills of individuals to access, understand and use information as well as their cognitive and social skills determining their motivation, in a manner to promote and sustain good health.

Health policy: Health policy refers to official and institutional  (especially at the level of government) statements or procedures defining the priorities and parameters as a response to health needs, available resources and other political pressures.

Healthy public policy:  Healthy public policy is characterized by an explicit concern for health and equity in all areas of policy and by an accountability for health impact. The aim of health public policy is to create a supportive environment to enable people to lead healthy lives. Such a policy makes health choices possible or easier for citizens. It makes social and physical environments health-enhancing.

Inter-sectoral collaboration: Inter-sectoral collaboration is a recognized relationship between part or parts of the health sector with parts of another sector which has been formed to take action on an issue to achieve health outcomes (or intermediate health outcomes) in a way that is more effective, efficient or sustainable than could be achieved by the health sector acting alone.