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Hungary

Hungary

4. Social Inclusion

4.2 Administration and governance

On this page
  1. Governance
  2. Cross-sectorial cooperation

Governance

Equal treatment and creating opportunities

In Hungary, as of January 2021, the Directorate-General for Equal Treatment (Egyenlő Bánásmódért Felelős Főigazgatóság) under the Office of the Commissioner for Fundamental Rights is responsible for supervising the enforcement of equal treatment based on the Act of CXXV of 2003 on the equal treatment and the promotion of equal opportunities (2003. évi CXXV. törvény az egyenlő bánásmódról és az esélyegyenlőség előmozdításáról). The Directorate-General for Equal Treatment is the only competent authority (apart from the Court) which takes legal action in cases of discrimination.

The Commissioner for Fundamental Rights (Act CXI of 2011 on the Commissioner for Fundamental Rights) who has taken over the tasks of formerly 4 separate Ombudsmen (dealing with general issues, future generations, ethnics and data protection) has a crucial role in creating equal opportunities. The Commissioner has 2 deputies:

  1. the Ombudsman for the Rights of National Minorities and
  2. the Ombudsman for Future Generations.
Equal opportunities and inclusion

Mostly it is the local municipalities which are responsible for the provision and safeguarding of equal opportunities and inclusion in Hungary. To guarantee the fulfilment of this role, since 1 July 2013 municipalities can only receive support from state finance, European Union subsidies or other funds provided by international agreements, if they have an Equal Opportunity Programme (Helyi Esélyegyenlőségi Program, referred hereinafter to as HEP) that complies with the regulations in the Act of CXXV of 2003. The municipalities have to prepare this Programme in every 5 years and review it in every 2 years.

The HEP are based on

  • action plans related to the problems of disadvantaged groups and
  • analyses of social, educational, employment, health and housing issues and situations.

To help local municipalities in creating effective and lawful HEP, the Directorate-General for Creating Social Opportunities (Társadalmi Esélyteremtési Főigazgatóság) offers advisory and compliance service by its network of equal opportunity mentors according to the Government Decree 321/2011. (XII.27.) [321/2011. (XII. 27.) Korm. rendelet a helyi esélyegyenlőségi programok elkészítésének szabályairól és az esélyegyenlőségi mentorokról].

Tasks related to the creation of equal opportunities are performed by the Family, Equal Opportunity and Voluntary Houses [(Család, Esélyteremtési és Önkéntes Házak), hereinafter referred to as CSEÖH] on the national level. The primary responsibilities of these houses are to deal with causes of discrimination and factors leading to disadvantages such as disabilities, sex, age or permanent indigence.

Among several other functions, they perform the following tasks:

  • organising events to change the attitude of the society,
  • cooperation with civil and church organisations in the field of equal opportunities,
  • cooperation with the Directorate-General for Equal Treatment,
  • organising programmes for families in the topic of changing attitudes.

Cross-sectorial cooperation

Government actors

The governmental activities in connection with the youth social affairs belonged to the Minister without Portfolio Responsible for Families. As of January 2022, the youth-related tasks belong to the Minister heading the Prime Minister's Office (Miniszterelnökséget vezető miniszter). According to the Government regulation no. 94/2018. (V.22.) on the tasks and on the functions of the members of the Government [94/2018. (V.22.) Korm. rendelet a Kormány tagjainak feladat – és hatásköréről] the Minister is responsible for the social affairs related to youth in the frame of youth policy.

The Deputy State Secretariat for Social Inclusion belongs to the Ministry of Interior (Belügyminisztérium) since 2019. The role of this Deputy is, among other things, to coordinate policies in the area of social inclusion and facilitate complex interventions. This is because the social inclusion of the long-term vulnerable (including the Roma) is an important priority for the Hungarian Government. The Deputy State Secretariat is responsible for creating strategies and for coordinating, monitoring and reviewing their implementation. Furthermore, it coordinates the issues related to the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategy. [National Social Inclusion Strategy 2030 (Magyar Nemzeti Társadalmi Felzárkózási Stratégia 2030) referred hereinafter to as NSIS 2030]

The other government actor related to social affairs is the Deputy State Secretary for Social Affairs under the Ministry for Human Capacities (Emberi Erőforrások Minisztériuma). It is responsible for the social and economic development programmes aiming to support

  • the social and child welfare services,
  • the child protection system,
  • the people with disabilities and
  • the social development policies.

Other actors of social inclusion and integration at the state level

Other actors of social inclusion and integration at the state level are:

The Inter-ministerial Committee for Social Inclusion and Roma Affairs: The committee was created to synchronise the government work in the fields of economic developments and social inclusion aiming to help the permanently indigenous and Roma people. The Committee also works on to improve the situation of low-skilled people and others who are living in disadvantaged areas. Its members are delegated from different ministries and the Hungarian Central Statistics Office.

The Consultative Council on Roma Issues: The council is responsible for drawing up the relevant strategy as well as supervising the implementation and cohesion of Roma policies. The chairman of the council is the Prime Minister, the council is co-chaired by the President of the National Roma Self-Government, while the members are ministers of related policy fields.

The Human Rights Working Group and Human Rights Roundtable: The roundtable is a consultative and cross-sectorial body to facilitate professional dialogue.

Minority Self-Governments: These self-governing bodies are in charge of the issues that concern the minority group they represent. They are responsible for representing the interests and preserving the cultural autonomy of the minority community.

The Human Capacities Grant Management Office (since 16 August 2012): This independent institution operates under the supervision of the Ministry of Human Capacities, and is responsible for the complete cycle of application and grant management in the field.

The Directorate-General for Social Affairs and Child Protection, as one of the successors of Türr István Training and Research Institute (terminated on 31 August 2016), is an institution of the Ministry of Human Capacities that provides training courses and professional support for the beneficiary districts and municipalities in the management of social development programmes. [Governmental Decree 253/2016. (VIII. 24.)] [253/2016. (VIII. 24.) Korm. rendelet egyes kormányrendeleteknek a Türr István Képző és Kutató Intézet megszűnésével összefüggő módosításáról]

Prime Ministerial Commissioner: The Prime Minister appointed in 2019 the Prime Ministerial Commissioner for the coordination and implementation of the Roma Strategy [3/2019. (IV. 18.) ME utasítás miniszterelnöki biztos kinevezéséről].

NGOs and other forums with delegates from the state and civil society

NGOs and other forums with delegates from the state and civil society dealing with social inclusion and integration:

The Roma Coordination Council: The council is responsible for drawing up strategic lines, supervising their implementation and giving feedback on cohesion policies contributing to Roma inclusion. The council meets twice a year. It has 29 members: representatives of civil society organisations, roma minority self-governments, churches and leaders of Directorate-General for Equal Treatment and Hungarian Central Statistics Office.

The 'Better Chances for Children' National Strategy Evaluation Committee: This committee is in charge of supervising the implementation of the Parliament Decision 47/2007 on 'Be Better for Children!' National Strategy 2007-2032 (2007) [47/2007. (V. 31.) OGY határozat a 'Legyen jobb a gyermekeknek!' Nemzeti Stratégiáról, 2007-2032 (2007)] and the monitoring related processes. This Evaluation Committee gives recommendations, among others, regarding the social inclusion of disadvantaged students. It has 13 governmental and 13 civil members and they last met online, in February 2021 ('Ülésezett a „Legyen jobb a gyermekeknek!” Nemzeti Stratégia Értékelő Bizottság').

NGOs and religious organisations: These organisations perform diverse tasks linked to the area depending on the funding available.

The Network of Christian Roma Colleges [in short (HU) KRSZH]: In collaboration with the state, it provides special support to disadvantaged students in higher education. In 2011, there were four colleges in Hungary. In 2019, eleven colleges supported nearly 300 Roma students.

Business actors: As part of their corporate social responsibility strategies, business actors also support social and economic development programmes.

Focusing on the youth field, the activities and role of the National Youth Council (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Tanács) is also should be highlighted. (For more information about the National Youth Council see sub-chapter 5.3. Youth representation bodies.)