3.6 Integration of young people in the labour market
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As stated in the Introduction of this chapter (Employment & Entrepreneurship), concerning Youth Employement, the current flagship programme is The Action Plan for Youth employement (Plan de Choque por el Empleo Joven 2019-2021). In respect to the youth integration in the labour market , the focus of this action plan involving 50 measures is trainning, counseling and generally favoring the creation of networks in the field of youth work and entrepreneurship.
The Strategy for Entrepreneurship and Youth Employment collects the promotion measures for youth employment in a catalogue of measures in line with the goals of the Youth Guarantee. These measures are also included in Strategic Axis no.2 on Employment and Entrepreneurship in the Youth Strategy 2020 and their respective Action Plans (see section 1.3).
Measures related to youth employment are taken in Spain by the State Administration, but also to a great extent by the Autonomous Regions. These measures in general, and particularly those related to youth matters, are included in the Annual Employment Policy Plan (Plan Anual de Políticas de Empleo, PAPE).
There are also other bodies developing plans for the promotion of youth employment, such as the Chambers of Commerce.
The Strategy for Entrepreneurship and Youth Employment includes the First Youth Employment Contract initiative. Aimed at people under 30 years of age, it is a temporary contract type, a choice related to the lack of work experience of the recruited person. The strategy also includes a part-time contract linked to training.In general terms, the management of personalised individual itineraries is introduced in the Spanish Strategy for Employment Activation 2017-2020 (Estrategia Española para la Activación del Empleo 2017-2020). The National Plan for the Implementation of the Youth Guarantee (Plan Nacional de Implantación de la Garantía Juvenil) is drawn up from the perspective of adaptation to the different youth profiles in order to respond to the different needs. At the same time, the Ministry of Labour and Social Economy establishes agreements with organisations from civil society for the establishment of personalised insertion itineraries for unemployed youth.
Flexibility and equal opportunities in access to the labour market are included as goals of Employment and Entrepreneurship in the Youth Strategy. In this, flexibility is defined among other purposes to favour conciliation, and includes measures developed in points 5.3.8 and 5.3.9 on Flexibility and Equal Opportunities.
The strategy includes relatively new formulas such as part-time employment, the adoption of flexible timetables which allow for reconciliation with family life among young professionals, or teleworking. Thus, and with the purpose of promoting gender equality in accessing the labour market and professional development, the strategy establishes measures such as the development of career plans addressed to young women with different degrees of responsibility within their companies, and the encouragement of the recruitment of women in production sectors with a low representation of women.
The Strategy for Entrepreneurship and Youth Employment has provided a funding framework characterised by the combination of European and national funds. At the same time, sub-national administrations joining the initiatives of the strategy shall contribute towards funding from their own budgetary lines. Companies or private entities participating in any of the programmed measures shall also provide funding. In order to check the source of the funds, as well as their amount with specific data, see section 6.1 of the aforementioned Strategy on “Budget”.
Measures and programmes implemented in Spain related to youth employment are subject to control and assessment as stated in the Strategy for Entrepreneurship and Youth Employment, in its chapter 8 on Follow-up and Assessment. In order to monitor and evaluate the Strategy an Inter-ministerial Committee and a Working Group are established, whose members will be the social partners. They will use and analyse the results provided by implementation and outcome indicators and impact indicators.
The Action Plan for Youth employment (Plan de Choque por el Empleo Joven 2019-2021), also adopts a cross sectoral approach to quality assurance. Indeed, it is the result of the output of evaluations and assessments undertaken regarding both previous and current policy and programme results such as the Garantía Juvenil System, and the measures in place to encourage hiring and entrepreneurship (guía dinámica de ayudas e incentivos). Quality assurance is also an ongoing key aspect of the programme that will shape and reshape the specific actions corresponding with the 21 proposed measures as the permanent commission will provide reports to an evaluation commission that will gather 18 months after the beginning of the plan (approximatively at the beginning of 2020).